Zygophyllum indicum (Burm.f.) Christenh. & Byng

First published in Global Fl. 4: 93 (2018)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mauritania to India. It is a subshrub and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

Zygophyllaceae, M. Nabil El Hadidi (Faculty of Science, Cairo University). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Perennial pale green pruinose glandular shrublet up to 50 cm. high; branches procumbent or erect; internodes cylindrical, striate, 1.5-3 cm. long, 3-4 mm. in diameter; nodes slightly swollen and whitish green.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves unifoliolate, with a distinct joint between 2-4 mm. long petiole and blade; leaflet ovate-lanceolate, mucronate, 12-16 × 3-5 mm.; spiny stipules needle-like, as long as or shorter than the leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers up 12 mm. across on a short slender peduncle 3-5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate, 3 × 1.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals rose-coloured, 6 ×3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5 + 5; filaments ± 6 mm. long; anthers ± 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 4 × 4 mm., sparingly hairy; peduncle longer than capsule, 5-7 mm. long, reflexed; calyx persistent.
Habitat
Open arid places in sand or lava; ± 400 m.
Distribution
reaching the S. limit of its distribution in Kenyain Asia from Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and S. Arabia K2
[FTEA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Woody-based perennial or subshrub up to 50 cm tall, erect or ascending, ± densely glandular pubescent; stem striate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1-foliolate or occasionally 2–3-foliolate; blade ovate to lanceolate, 6–15(–22) x 3–5(–8) mm, apiculate, glandular-pubescent; petiole up to 15 mm long; stipules spinescent, shorter to longer than the leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicel 3–6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate, 3–3.5 mm long, glandular, apiculate, persistent in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals pink, c. 6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style c. 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit c. 4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2–3.2 mm long.
Distribution
N1; C1, 2 North Africa, S Arabia and eastwards to Pakistan and India.
Ecology
Altitude up to c. 1500 m.
[FSOM]

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images