Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Grona Lour.

Grona adscendens (Sw.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Tropical America, Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food and a medicine and for food.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–2600 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Caldas, Caquetá, Casanare, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, Santander, Valle del Cauca, Vaupés, Vichada.
Habit
Herb, Shrub, Liana, Climbing.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Amor de campo, Amor seco, Pega pega

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
amorseca, amorseco, amorseco pequeño, cadillo, cadillo pipa, cargadita, garrapatilla, pegaparuma, pegapega, pijao, prendeamor, seca

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous, to almost 1 m. in length; stem creeping or forming tussocks, terete, striate with stiff, upwardly appressed to spreading pilosity.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; stipules obliquely ovate-lanceolate with long attenuate apex and slightly auriculate base, 0.5–1 cm. long, 1.5–3 mm. wide, puberulent and pilose to glabrescent on the outer surface, persistent; petiole pilose, 1–3 cm. long; leaf-rhachis similar, 0.3–1 cm. long; leaflets elliptic-obovate, (acute to) obtuse and emarginate at apex, cuneate to rounded at base, pilose to essentially glabrous on the upper surface, densely soft pilose on the lower; terminal leaflet 1.7–4.3 cm. long, 0.7–3.2 cm. wide; lateral leaflets 1.3–3 cm. long, 0.7–2 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of axillary and terminal racemes; rhachides striate to grooved, sparsely to abundantly stiff-pilose and finely puberulent with multicellular and uncinulate hairs; primary bracts ovate-acuminate with long attenuate apex, 3.5–5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide, pilose and puberulent to glabrescent, early deciduous, each subtending 2 pedicels; secondary bracts absent or, if rarely present, depauperate; pedicels with pubescence similar to that of rhachis, 0.4–1.7(–2.1) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2-lipped; tube minutely puberulent; teeth of both lobes pilose, 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla exceeding calyx; standard obovate, shortly clawed, 4–5.5 mm. long, 2.5–3.5 mm. wide; wings ± oblong, broader above, slightly auricled, shortly clawed, 3–3.5 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide; keel-petals somewhat triangular, truncate at apex, gradually narrowed to a long claw, 3.5–4 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit with a stipe 0.5–2 mm. long, 1–5-articled; articles ± obliquely oblong, straight on the upper suture, curved below, constricted about half their width at the isthmi, 3.5–5.5 mm. long, 2.5–3 mm. wide, uncinulate-pubescent throughout.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed transversely elliptic, 2.5–5 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide.
Distribution
widespread in tropical Africa K5 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4 Z

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; forest., Zambezian anthropic landscapes., Somalia-Masai anthropic landscapes, Guinea-Congolian anthropic landscapes, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; anthropic landscapes., Somalia-Masai forest, Guineo-Congolian forest
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Matite, Takotsifotra, Vahimpatsika

[FZ]

Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

Morphology General Habit
Straggling perennial herb or undershrub, or often prostrate and rooting at the nodes, 0.2–1 m long or tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems densely covered with spreading white hairs when young, eventually glabrescent, red-brown and striate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 1.5–5.6 × 1.3–3.5 cm, elliptic to round or obovate to subrhombic, broadly rounded at both ends or somewhat acute, glabrous or with fine very short hairs above, densely appressed pilose beneath; petiole 8–30 mm long; rhachis 2–6 mm long; petiolules 1.5–2 mm long; stipules 7–10 × 1.5–2.5 mm, lanceolate, striate, hairy, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences mostly terminal, lax 2–11 cm long, finely uncinulate-puberulous and with longer hairs; peduncles 4–10 cm long; pedicels 7–16 mm long, uncinulate-pubescent; primary bracts each subtending 2 pedicels, 4–11 × 1.5–2.5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, long attenuate, pubescent, soon deciduous; secondary bracts mostly absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx finely puberulous and with sparse long hairs; tube 1.2 mm long; lobes 1–2 mm long, triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard whitish, greenish-blue, pink or mauve, 3.5–4 mm × 2–2.5 cm, obovate; wings bright pinkish-mauve; keel greenish-white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 2–2.5 cm long, of 2–5 articles, each article 5–9.5 × 2.6–3.5 mm, semi-elliptic with straight upper margin and strongly rounded lower margin, densely uncinulate-pubescent, joined by necks 1 mm wide, reticulately veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds chestnut-brown, 5 × 2.5 mm, elongate-reniform, narrowed towards one end.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2600 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, arbusto, trepadora, liana
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental, Forage, Medicine

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Borneo, Central American Pac, Cook Is., Fiji, India, Jawa, Malaya, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vanuatu

Grona adscendens (Sw.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
May 1, 2010 Ule, E. [9451], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931393 Yes
May 1, 2010 Weiss [s.n.], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931394 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Pohl [s.n.], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931392 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Usteri, P.A. [54b], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931396 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Usteri [47], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931399 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Usteri, P.A. [53b], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931397 Yes
Jan 1, 2001 Ferreira, G.C. [575], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931418 Yes
Jan 1, 1998 Acworth, J.M. [197], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000011935 No
Jan 1, 1998 Watts, J. [1045], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000011936 No
Jan 1, 1996 Thomas, D.W. [9915], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000086015 No
Jan 1, 1996 Cable, S. [209], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000436589 No
Jan 1, 1996 Ndam, N. [803], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000086016 No
Sep 1, 1995 Costa, M.A.S. [119], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931420 Yes
Jan 1, 1994 Queiroz, L.P. [3808], Bahia Desmodium adscendens K000206432 No
Jan 1, 1991 Prance, G.T. [30348], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931417 Yes
Aug 2, 1989 Leoni, L.S. [655], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931415 Yes
Jan 1, 1989 Prance, G.T. [7707], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931403 Yes
Aug 24, 1987 Coradin, L. [8226], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931416 Yes
Aug 22, 1987 Lewis, G.P. [1452], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931413 Yes
Jan 1, 1986 Hopkins, M.J.G. [785], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931412 Yes
Jan 1, 1983 Hage, J.L. [1378], Bahia Desmodium adscendens K000205981 No
Mar 1, 1982 Lewis, G.P. [740], Bahia Desmodium adscendens K000205978 Yes
Jul 1, 1980 Scardino [140], Bahia Desmodium adscendens K000205977 No
Sep 24, 1979 Coradin, L. [2281], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931414 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Thwaites [3327], Sri Lanka Desmodium adscendens K000858773 holotype Yes
Jan 1, 1972 Mass, P.J.M. [P12684], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931419 Yes
Jan 1, 1971 Lanna [841], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931411 Yes
Jan 1, 1968 Prance, G.T. [2577], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931404 Yes
Feb 20, 1966 Lindeman, J.C. [514], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931402 Yes
Jan 1, 1966 Mimura, I. [298], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931400 Yes
Jan 1, 1913 Dusén, P. [9496], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931401 Yes
Dawkins, H.C. [559], Uganda Desmodium adscendens 11461.000 No
Coradin, L. [2895], Bahia Desmodium adscendens K000206677 Yes
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000328092 Yes
Fiebrig, K. [2274], Bolivia Desmodium adscendens K000555882 syntype Yes
Migeod, F. [112], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000087019 No
Chuml, H. [120], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000087020 No
Kastalsky [926], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931405 Yes
Burchell [1746], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931409 Yes
Usteri, P.A. [103b], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931398 Yes
Burchell [2191], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931407 Yes
Isabelle [s.n.], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931421 Yes
Olorunfemi, J. [30512], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000087017 No
Rosevear, D. R. [46/37], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000087015 No
Chuml, H. [185], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000087014 No
Pedersen, T.M. [8979], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931395 Yes
Sellow, F. [s.n.], Bahia Desmodium adscendens K000205980 Yes
Burchell [1285], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931408 Yes
Martius [1119], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931390 Yes
Olorunfemi, J. [30512], Cameroon Desmodium adscendens K000087016 No
Burchell [886], Brazil Desmodium adscendens K000931410 Yes
Bahia Desmodium adscendens K000205979 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5722], Myanmar Desmodium obovatum K001121866 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5722], Myanmar Desmodium obovatum K001121865 Yes
Jul 1, 2010 Wright, C. [126], Cuba Desmodium adscendens f. glabrescens K000555834 syntype Yes
Jul 1, 2010 Wright, C. [126], Cuba Desmodium adscendens f. glabrescens K000555836 syntype Yes
Jul 1, 2010 Wright, C. [2314], Cuba Desmodium adscendens f. glabrescens K000555837 syntype Yes
s. coll. [s.n.], Cuba Desmodium adscendens f. glabrescens K000555835 Yes
Toepffer, A. [42], Cuba Desmodium adscendens f. glabrescens K000555838 Yes

First published in J. Jap. Bot. 93: 108 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
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  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0