Fabaceae Lindl.
Grona Lour.

Grona triflora (L.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics. It is used as animal food and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 100–1700 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Cauca, Chocó, Meta, Nariño, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.


International Legume Database and Information Service

Not Threatened
Africa: Cultivated, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Sudanian grasslands
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Acaba Pangola, Alfalfilla De Llano, Amor Seco, Creeping Tick Trefoil, Estacal, Frijolillo, Heen-undupiyali, Hierba Cuartillo, Kodiadiamborona, Konikoni, Kudaliya, Marlomin, Petit Oseille Marron, Plati, Pti Tref, Threeflower Beggarweed, Tourlas, Trefle Bla


Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 1700 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
No Evaluada


Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate creeping annual or perennial herb, often branched from the base or rooting at the nodes (in habit and aspect suggesting a species of Trifolium); stem terete and striate to angular, moderately to densely long white pilose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (1–)3-foliolate; stipules stramineous, obliquely ovate, 2–5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide, long-acuminate, truncate at base, somewhat pilose on outer surface, long-persistent; petiole long-pilose and minutely uncinulate-puberulent, 4–9 mm. long; leaf-rhachis similar, 1–2.5 mm. long; terminal leaflets obovate, retuse at apex, cuneate to acute at base, essentially glabrous and reticulate above, usually abundantly pilose beneath or only so on midrib and margins, the terminal 4.5–12 mm. long, 4–12 mm. wide, the lateral leaflets similar or more nearly elliptic and a little smaller.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, usually composed of 3–4 pairs of flowers; primary bracts ovate-attenuate, 2–3.5 mm. long, 0.7–1.5 mm. wide, each subtending 2 pedicels, long-persistent; secondary bracts, if present, depauperate; pedicels slender, usually long-pilose, 6.5–11 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers blue, purple, reddish purple or pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2-lipped, the upper bifid lobe more or less equalling the teeth of the lower lobe in length, each of the 5 teeth with a distinctive dark streak along its midrib and all of them long white pilose, 2.5–3.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla equalling or exceeding the calyx; standard ± orbicular but long-clawed, to 4.5 mm. long and 2–3 mm. wide; wings ± oblong and long-clawed, equalling the standard in length, 1 mm. wide; keel-petals scythe-shaped, long-clawed, also equalling standard, 1–1.3 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit sessile, up to 5-articled, the upper suture straight or slightly reflexedly curved, the lower indented between the articles; articles ± quadrate, 2.3–4 mm. long and wide, curved below, separating from each other but not dehiscing, glabrous to abundantly uncinate-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed quadrangular to nearly orbicular in outline, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1.5–1.8 mm. wide.
Grassland, and a weed in cultivated ground by roadsides and sandy places forming small to large mats; often cited as growing in lawns and considered a satisfactory plant for such purpose; near sea-level to 1800 m.
pantropical, extending northward into southern U.S.A. K5 K7 P T2 T3 T4 T6 U3 U4 Z


Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

Morphology General Habit
Annual (or ?perennial) herb, often forming dense mats.
Morphology Stem
Stems prostrate, sometimes rooting at the nodes, much branched, 8–19 cm long, covered with spreading bristly yellow-brown hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 4–14(20) × 4–12(15) mm, obovate-oblong, obovate or obcordate, rounded to emarginate at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, glabrous above, pilose beneath with scattered white hairs, with a raised reticulation of veins above; petiole 4–11(15) mm long; rhachis 1–5 mm long; petiolules 0.5–1 mm long; stipules 3.5–6 × 1–1.5 mm, obliquely lanceolate, ± glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 1–3 in leaf-axils (or, fide Schubert, inflorescences short, mostly under 6–8-flowered); pedicels 5–10 mm long, pilose or glabrous; primary bracts 2–3.5 × 1–1.5 mm; secondary bracts mostly absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx with bristly hairs, or pilose with long white hairs; tube 0.8 mm long; lobes 1–1.5 mm long, narrowly triangular-lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard blue, purple, reddish or pink, up to 4.5 × 2–3 mm, ± round, but long-clawed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1.2–1.8 cm long, of 2–5 articles, held eccentrically on the pedicel which is continuous with the straight suture; other margin constricted between the articles; articles 2–3.5 mm long and wide, glabrous or uncinulate-pubescent and with a strong reticulation of raised nerves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, finely speckled with black, 2.1 × 1.5 × 0.8 mm, reniform; hilum small eccentric.


Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Stems much-branched, prostrate, creeping and forming dense mats
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink or purple.

Pega pega

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Domestic, Environmental, Forage, Medicine, Weed

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Cook Is., French Guiana, Guyana, Hawaii, Line Is., Nauru, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Queensland, Seychelles, Society Is., Suriname, Tuamotu, Western Australia

Grona triflora (L.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2010 s.coll. [777], India Desmodium triflorum K000555871 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 2010 s.coll. [778], India Desmodium triflorum K000555870 holotype
Jan 1, 2010 s.coll. [779], India Desmodium triflorum K000555872 Unknown type material
Mar 19, 2007 Hatschbach, G. [45094], Brazil Desmodium triflorum K000931692
Jan 1, 2000 Coradin, L. [7868], Ceará Desmodium triflorum K000206441
May 1, 1995 Santos, T.S. [4508], Bahia Desmodium triflorum K000205905
Oct 1, 1990 Hage, J.L. [1861], Bahia Desmodium triflorum K000205903
Jul 1, 1990 Hage, J.L. [1861], Bahia Desmodium triflorum K000205904
Jan 1, 1961 Gossweiler, J. [8804], Angola Desmodium triflorum K001307151
Bidgood, S. [5881], Tanzania Desmodium triflorum K000468544
Ridley [25], Pernambuco Desmodium triflorum K000205907
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5734], India Desmodium triflorum K001121933
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5734] Desmodium triflorum K001121935
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5734], Nepal Desmodium triflorum K001121940
Miers, J. [3658], Brazil Desmodium triflorum K000931694
Coradin, L. [5890], Piauí Desmodium triflorum K000205906
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5734], India Desmodium triflorum K001121937
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5734] Desmodium triflorum K001121942
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5734] Desmodium triflorum K001121934
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5734] Desmodium triflorum K001121939
Prance, G.T. [11156], Brazil Desmodium triflorum K000931689
Maas, P.J.M. [312], Brazil Desmodium triflorum K000931690
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5734], India Desmodium triflorum K001121936
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5734], India Desmodium triflorum K001121938
Hohenacker, R.F. [243], India Desmodium triflorum K000555873
Lankester, C.H. [s.n.], Brazil Desmodium triflorum K000931691
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5734] Desmodium triflorum K001121931
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5734], Malaysia Desmodium triflorum K001121941
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5734], India Desmodium triflorum K001121932
Panama Desmodium triflorum K001476637
Panama Desmodium triflorum K001476638
Venezuela, Peru Desmodium triflorum K001476639
Venezuela, Peru Desmodium triflorum K001476640
Bolivia Desmodium triflorum K001476641
Bolivia Desmodium triflorum K001476642
Bolivia Desmodium triflorum K001476643

First published in J. Jap. Bot. 93: 117 (2018)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.


Kew Backbone Distributions

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  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist.
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  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International.
  • (2021). GBIF species matching tool.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021);
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Science Photographs

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  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia