Genus:
Triticum L.

Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta (L.) Thell.

This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is a cultigen from W. Transcaucasus.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms 60-120 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 30-60 cm long; 10-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 10-15 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes clavate; 5-6 mm long; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 12-15 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 12-15 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 8-12 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 2-keeled; keeled all along; 5-9 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid; truncate. Upper glume oblong; 8-12 mm long; 0.9-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 2-keeled; keeled all along; 5-9 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins divergent at apex. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid; truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic; 7 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; keeled above; 9-11 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 6-60 mm long overall. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped; 2-3 in number.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 7-10 mm long; hairy at apex. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Europe: central, southwestern, and eastern. Africa: north, northeast tropical, and southern tropical. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, and eastern Asia.
Reference
Triticeae. Fl Iran 1993.

Native to:

Transcaucasus

Introduced into:

Algeria, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Central European Rus, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, Kentucky, Krym, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Ukraine, Vermont, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe

English
Spelt Wheat

Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta (L.) Thell. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Kornicke, F.A. [s.n.], Germany Triticum spelta K000979068 Yes
Scheppig, A. A. C. [s.n.], Germany Triticum spelta K000979069 Yes

First published in Naturwiss. Wochenschr., n.f., 17: 471 (1918)

Accepted by

  • van Slageren, M. & Payne, T. (2013). Concepts and nomenclature of the Farro wheats, with special reference to Emmer, Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccum (Poaceae). Kew Bulletin 68: 477-494.

Not accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Triticum spelta.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images