Genus:
Triticum L.

Triticum aestivum subsp. compactum (Host) H.Messik.

This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is a cultigen from Transcaucasus to Israel.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms 70-140 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; oblong; bilateral; 3-5 cm long; 10-15 mm wide. Rhachis tough; flattened; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded. Rhachis internodes oblong. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong to ovate; laterally compressed; 10-13 mm long; 13-15 mm wide; persistent on plant.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong to ovate; laterally compressed; 10-13 mm long; 13-15 mm wide; persistent on plant.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 8-9 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; keeled above; 5-9 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid. Upper glume oblong; 8-9 mm long; 0.9-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; keeled above; 5-9 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins divergent at apex. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Upper glume apex dentate; 2 -fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic; 10 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 9-11 -veined. Lemma apex muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 50-90 mm long overall. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 5-7 mm long; hairy at apex. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Europe: southwestern and eastern. Africa: north and Macaronesia. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, and Mongolia.
Reference
Triticeae. Fl Iran 1993.

Native to:

Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Transcaucasus, Turkey

Introduced into:

Afghanistan, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Great Britain, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krym, Libya, Madeira, Mongolia, Northwest European R, Norway, Primorye, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya

English
Club Wheat

Triticum aestivum subsp. compactum (Host) H.Messik. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Dec 1, 2017 Regel, A. [s.n.] Triticum compactum K000979116 isotype Yes
Dec 1, 2017 Korolkov, N.J. [73] Triticum compactum K000979115 isotype Yes
Scheppig, A. A. C. [s.n.], Germany Triticum compactum K000979088 Yes
Kornicke, F.A. [s.n.], Germany Triticum compactum K000979089 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Germany Triticum compactum K000979095 Yes
Scheppig, A. A. C. [s.n.], Germany Triticum compactum K000979092 Yes
Scheppig, A. A. C. [s.n.], Germany Triticum compactum K000979093 Yes
Kornicke, F.A. [s.n.], Germany Triticum compactum K000979090 Yes
Scheppig, A. A. C. [s.n.], Germany Triticum compactum K000979091 Yes
Kornicke, F.A. [s.n.], Germany Triticum compactum K000979094 Yes
Kornicke, F.A. [s.n.], Germany Triticum compactum K000979096 Yes

First published in Pfahlbauten Robenhausen: 82 (1913)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

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  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Delipavlov, D. & Cheshmedzhiev, I. (eds.) (2011). Opredelitel na rasteniiata v Bulgariia: 1-590. Akad. Isd. Agrar. Univers. Plovdiv.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal'nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2012-continuously updated). The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0