Genus:
Olea L.
Species:
Olea europaea L.

Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata (Wall. & G.Don) Cif.

This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Mascarenes, Arabian Peninsula to China (Yunnan).

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe 5–7 mm long.
Distribution
N1–3; widespread in eastern tropical Africa southwards to South Africa, also in southern Arabia, Pakistan, and eastwards to south-western China.
Ecology
Altitude range 1000–1800 m.
Vernacular
Wagar, weger, wegir, wigir (Somali).
Note
Subsp. europaea, with larger edible fruits with a thick fleshy mesocarp, is the cultivated olive, subsp. laperrinei (Batt. & Trabut) Ciferri is the wild olive of the Saharan mountains, and subsp. cerasiformis (Webb & Berth.) Kunkel & Sunding is the wild olive of the Macaronesian Is. (see Green & Wickens in Kit Tan, ed., The Davis & Hedge Festschrift: 287–299, 1989).

[FTEA]

Oleaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

Morphology General Habit
Tree, rarely shrub, 5–20 m. tall, rough dark brown bark, spreading branches the final ones terete or, especially if sterile, subquadrangular, grey and with numerous somewhat projecting lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves of mature trees with blades typically narrowly lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, acutely cuspidate, 4–8 cm. long, 1–2.5 cm. broad, subcoriaceous, green and glabrous on upper surface, more or less reddish to fulvous scaly on lower surface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicles axillary and terminal to the final branches, with numerous small white flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe ovoid to broadly ellipsoid.
Figures
Fig. 2.
Habitat
Evergreen woodland or wooded grasslands to upland rain forest; 1320–3150 m.
Distribution
Central, East and North East Tropical Africa, South Africa, Mascarenes, east to northern India and western China K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T5 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 Z

[FTEA]

Oleaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

Morphology General Habit
Tree, 15–20 m. tall, the final branches terete, grey, with numerous projecting lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves of mature trees oblong-lanceolate, elliptic, to elliptic-obovate, acute and shortly and very acutely mucronate, 7.9–9.5 cm. long, 3–3.8 cm. broad, subcoriaceous, greyish or olivaceous and shining on the upper surface, fulvous and dull on the lower, scaly on both surfaces and especially on the lower, otherwise glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, with white flowers.
Habitat
Upland dry evergreen forest; 1200–2000 m.
Distribution
T2 endemic on Kilimanjaro.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Iran, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Hawaii, Jawa, Norfolk Is., St.Helena

Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata (Wall. & G.Don) Cif. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Hughes, J. [221], Tanzania Olea africana 17429.000
Hughes, J. [236], Tanzania Olea africana 17430.000
Hughes, J. [217], Tanzania Olea africana 17857.000
Styles, B.T. [300], Uganda Olea africana 25694.055
Hughes, J. [219], Tanzania Olea africana 5075.000
Richmond, P.C. [5], Tanzania Olea africana 5073.000
Hughes, J. [230], Tanzania Olea africana 5074.000
Hughes, J. [254], Tanzania Olea africana 6399.000
Hughes, J. [235], Tanzania Olea africana 6400.000
Hughes, J. [256], Tanzania Olea africana 6401.000
Hughes, J. [255], Tanzania Olea africana 6402.000
Hughes, J. [229], Tanzania Olea africana 7024.000
Gossweiler, J. [10826], Angola Olea africana K001008348
Gossweiler, J. [10827], Angola Olea africana K001008347
Aucher-Eloy [4918], Oman Olea aucheri K000978903 Unknown type material
Hughes, J. [279], Tanzania Olea chrysophylla 17431.000
Hughes, J. [276], Tanzania Olea chrysophylla 17432.000

First published in Olivicoltore 19(5): 96 (1942)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Green, P.S. (2006). World Checklist of Oleaceae Manuscript Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1996). Flora of China 15: 1-387. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 2: 989-1918. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.

Flora of Somalia

  • Ciferri in L´Olivicoltore 19(5): 96 (1942)
  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/