Zanthoxylum asiaticum (L.) Appelhans, Groppo & J.Wen

First published in Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 126: 43 (2018)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Ethiopia to Eswatini, W. Indian Ocean, Tropical & Subtropical Asia. It is a scrambling shrub or tree and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/145825034/145825036

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Rutaceae, J.O. Kokwaro (University of Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
A scrambling or climbing, retrorsely aculeolate shrub; young branches minutely rusty pubescent or glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets sessile, elliptic or obovate or oblanceolate, 3–8 cm. long, 1.3–3 cm. wide, acuminate or obtuse at the apex, entire or slightly crenulate; midrib prominent and occasionally aculeolate on the lower surface; lateral nerves numerous but not raised; conspicuously glandular on both surfaces; petiole 1–4 cm. long, grooved above and persistently pubescent in the groove, sometimes aculeolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence ferruginous-pubescent; bracts linear, 0.8–1.3 mm. long, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually in cymose clusters on the panicle branches, unisexual by abortion; pedicels 1–3 mm. long. Female flowers with a very short style and 3–5-lobed stigma; 5 staminodes present. Male flowers with ovate anthers 1 mm. long; rudimentary ovary glabrous, with a long 5-ribbed style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx small, with 5 acute lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals triangular-lanceolate, ± 2.5 mm. long, yellow.
sex Male
Male flowers with ovate anthers 1 mm. long; rudimentary ovary glabrous, with a long 5-ribbed style.
sex Female
Female flowers with a very short style and 3–5-lobed stigma; 5 staminodes present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 7–10 mm. across, orange when ripe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3–4 mm. long, dark brown, smooth.
Figures
Fig 1.
Habitat
Forest edges, bushland and wooded grassland; 1–2800 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7
[FTEA]

Rutaceae, F. A. Mendoça. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Sarmentose or climbing shrubs, retrorsely aculeolate; young branches and leaves ferruginous-pubescent, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole 1–4 cm. long, grooved above and persistently pubescent in the groove, sometimes aculeolate; leaflets sessile; lamina 3–7 (8) × 1·2–3 cm., elliptic or obovate or oblanceolate, that of the lateral leaflets asymmetric, chartaceous, conspicuously glandular on both surfaces, apex shortly acuminate or obtuse, margin entire or slightly crenulate; midrib prominent on the lower surface and occasionally aculeolate; lateral nerves and veins numerous, not raised.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence shorter or as long as the subtending leaf, ferruginous-pubescent; bracts 0·8–1·3 mm. long, linear, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, unisexual by abortion, usually in cymose clusters on the panicle-branches; pedicels 1–3 mm. long, acute, caducous. Female flowers not seen. Male flowers: stamens as long as the petals; anthers 1 mm. long, 2-lobed, ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2·5 mm. long, valvate.
sex Male
Male flowers: stamens as long as the petals; anthers 1 mm. long, 2-lobed, ovate.
sex Female
Female flowers not seen.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 7–8 mm. in diam., drupaceous, 3–5 (7)-locular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4 mm. long, reniform; testa dark brown, hard, smooth; endosperm fleshy.
[FZ]

Common Names

English
Gwambadzi, Orange Climber, Ranklemoentjie

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images