Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.

Polhillides velutina (Willd.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Sudanian grasslands, Sudanian woodland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands., Somalia-Masai grassla
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Dikazolahy, Savisoa, Sofindambo, Tsiafadambo, Tsisotrisotry

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Upright woody perennial herb, subshrub, or shrub, up to 3 m. tall; stem simple or somewhat branched, reddish, lineate, densely uncinulate-pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1-foliolate (rarely 3-foliolate), occasionally opposite; stipules stramineous, rather long persistent, ovate-long-attenuate, lobed at base, soon narrowed to a slender caudate tip, 2.2–8.5 mm. long, 1–4 mm. wide at base, pilose on the outer surface, becoming ± glabrous, ciliate; petiole sulcate, usually linear, densely strigose to glabrescent, 0.3–2.2 cm. long; leaflet light green to blue-green or darker above, paler beneath and with prominent pallid veins, suborbicular to elliptic to rhombic-ovate, 3–9.4 cm. long, 2–7 cm. wide, entire or repand (indented at the termination of the lateral veins) and ciliate, thick, mostly soft velvety on both surfaces with long stiff golden, reddish or white hairs slightly hooked at apex and intermixed with straight tapering ones.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal densely flowered racemes to 1 dm. or more long, at least the terminal ones often paniculately branched; rhachis striate, densely long uncinulate-pubescent with straight hairs intermixed; primary bracts each subtending 3–5 pedicels, stramineous, lanceolate- to ovate-attenuate, 1.5–4 mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. wide, somewhat pilose and uncinulate-puberulent on the outer surface, ± persistent; secondary bracts similar, slightly smaller and almost linear; pedicels abundantly uncinulate-pubescent with straight hairs intermixed, 1–3 mm. long; occasionally small bracteoles present on the pedicels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white to pink, to blue, mauve or brilliant purple, usually appearing whitish or pale when dry.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx rather densely strigose, central tooth of lower lobe attenuate, 3 mm. long, the lateral teeth slightly shorter; upper bifid lobe almost rounded to acute, notched at centre, 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla ± twice the length of calyx; standard suborbicular, retuse at apex, gradually narrowed to the cuneate base, 4.2–6 mm. long, 3.5–6 mm. wide; wings ± oblong, obtuse, shortly clawed, 4–5.5 mm. long, 1–2.4 mm. wide; keel-petals remotely scythe-shaped, slenderly clawed, equalling or exceeding calyx in length, 1–2 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit sessile to shortly stipitate (stipe to 1.5 mm. long), with style usually persistent, 2–6(–7)-articled, upper suture essentially straight to slightly curved and somewhat indented at the isthmi, lower suture ± rounded, indented at isthmi (between the articles), surfaces and sutures uncinulate-pubescent throughout with straight tapering hairs intermixed; articles subrectangular, 2.5–4 mm. long and wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed orbicular to reniform, reddish to almost black, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 65/7, p. 453.
Habitat
Forest edges, deciduous woodland, wooded and open grassland; sea-level to ± 1300 m.
Distribution
K5 K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4 Z widespread in Africa, Madagascar, SE. Asia and Malesia

[FZ]

Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

Morphology General Habit
Subshrub or woody herb, 0.5–3 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems densely covered with short spreading pale ferruginous hairs when young, purplish-brown and glabrescent beneath.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1-foliolate; leaflet 2.5–19 × 1.1–13 cm, ovate, oblong-ovate or almost round, bluntly acute to very rounded at the apex, broadly cuneate, truncate or subcordate at the base, densely rather roughly appressed pubescent above, velvety beneath; petiole 2–22 mm long; petiolule 1.5–3.5 mm long; stipules linear from a broad base, 5–8 × 0.5–3 mm above, 2–3.5 mm wide at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences pseudoracemose, terminal and axillary, 2–30 cm long, densely covered with uncinulate hairs; peduncles short, 5–25 mm long; pedicels 1.5–3 mm long; primary bracts 1.5–4 × 0.5–1 mm, lanceolate, each supporting 3–5 flowers; secondary bracts 1–1.5 mm long, linear, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx spreading-hairy; tube 1 mm long; lobes 0.7–1.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard violet, lilac, red or blue, 4–5 × 4–5 mm, obovate; wings and keel darker mauve.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 12–24 mm long, of 2–7 articles; each article 2.5–4 × 2.5–3.5 mm, densely covered with hooked hairs, joined by necks 1.5–2 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, 2.5 × 1.8 × 0.9 mm, ellipsoid-reniform; hilum small, central.

[FWTA]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A half-woody, erect, rather hairy undershrub, 3–6 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Small pink or purplish flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit-segments which adhere like burrs.

[ILDIS]
Use
Domestic, Forage, Medicine

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Comoros, French Guiana, Madagascar, Windward Is.

Polhillides velutina (Willd.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1961 Gossweiler, J. [758], Angola Desmodium velutinum K001307153 No
Jan 1, 1961 Gossweiler, J. [4918], Angola Desmodium velutinum K001307152 No
s.coll. [1044] Desmodium velutinum K000555636 Yes
Mann, G. [s.n.], Gabon Desmodium velutinum K000555635 Unknown type material Yes

First published in J. Jap. Bot. 94: 72 (2019)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a check-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Verdcourt, B. (2000). Flora Zambesiaca 3(6): 1-175. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Legumes of the World Online

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/