Polhillides velutina (Willd.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi

First published in J. Jap. Bot. 94: 72 (2019)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. It is an annual, perennial or subshrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Sudanian grasslands, Sudanian woodland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands., Somalia-Masai grassla
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Dikazolahy, Savisoa, Sofindambo, Tsiafadambo, Tsisotrisotry
[ILDIS]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Upright woody perennial herb, subshrub, or shrub, up to 3 m. tall; stem simple or somewhat branched, reddish, lineate, densely uncinulate-pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1-foliolate (rarely 3-foliolate), occasionally opposite; stipules stramineous, rather long persistent, ovate-long-attenuate, lobed at base, soon narrowed to a slender caudate tip, 2.2–8.5 mm. long, 1–4 mm. wide at base, pilose on the outer surface, becoming ± glabrous, ciliate; petiole sulcate, usually linear, densely strigose to glabrescent, 0.3–2.2 cm. long; leaflet light green to blue-green or darker above, paler beneath and with prominent pallid veins, suborbicular to elliptic to rhombic-ovate, 3–9.4 cm. long, 2–7 cm. wide, entire or repand (indented at the termination of the lateral veins) and ciliate, thick, mostly soft velvety on both surfaces with long stiff golden, reddish or white hairs slightly hooked at apex and intermixed with straight tapering ones.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal densely flowered racemes to 1 dm. or more long, at least the terminal ones often paniculately branched; rhachis striate, densely long uncinulate-pubescent with straight hairs intermixed; primary bracts each subtending 3–5 pedicels, stramineous, lanceolate- to ovate-attenuate, 1.5–4 mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. wide, somewhat pilose and uncinulate-puberulent on the outer surface, ± persistent; secondary bracts similar, slightly smaller and almost linear; pedicels abundantly uncinulate-pubescent with straight hairs intermixed, 1–3 mm. long; occasionally small bracteoles present on the pedicels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white to pink, to blue, mauve or brilliant purple, usually appearing whitish or pale when dry.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx rather densely strigose, central tooth of lower lobe attenuate, 3 mm. long, the lateral teeth slightly shorter; upper bifid lobe almost rounded to acute, notched at centre, 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla ± twice the length of calyx; standard suborbicular, retuse at apex, gradually narrowed to the cuneate base, 4.2–6 mm. long, 3.5–6 mm. wide; wings ± oblong, obtuse, shortly clawed, 4–5.5 mm. long, 1–2.4 mm. wide; keel-petals remotely scythe-shaped, slenderly clawed, equalling or exceeding calyx in length, 1–2 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit sessile to shortly stipitate (stipe to 1.5 mm. long), with style usually persistent, 2–6(–7)-articled, upper suture essentially straight to slightly curved and somewhat indented at the isthmi, lower suture ± rounded, indented at isthmi (between the articles), surfaces and sutures uncinulate-pubescent throughout with straight tapering hairs intermixed; articles subrectangular, 2.5–4 mm. long and wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed orbicular to reniform, reddish to almost black, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 65/7, p. 453.
Habitat
Forest edges, deciduous woodland, wooded and open grassland; sea-level to ± 1300 m.
Distribution
K5 K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4 Z widespread in Africa, Madagascar, SE. Asia and Malesia
[FTEA]

Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

Morphology General Habit
Subshrub or woody herb, 0.5–3 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems densely covered with short spreading pale ferruginous hairs when young, purplish-brown and glabrescent beneath.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1-foliolate; leaflet 2.5–19 × 1.1–13 cm, ovate, oblong-ovate or almost round, bluntly acute to very rounded at the apex, broadly cuneate, truncate or subcordate at the base, densely rather roughly appressed pubescent above, velvety beneath; petiole 2–22 mm long; petiolule 1.5–3.5 mm long; stipules linear from a broad base, 5–8 × 0.5–3 mm above, 2–3.5 mm wide at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences pseudoracemose, terminal and axillary, 2–30 cm long, densely covered with uncinulate hairs; peduncles short, 5–25 mm long; pedicels 1.5–3 mm long; primary bracts 1.5–4 × 0.5–1 mm, lanceolate, each supporting 3–5 flowers; secondary bracts 1–1.5 mm long, linear, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx spreading-hairy; tube 1 mm long; lobes 0.7–1.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard violet, lilac, red or blue, 4–5 × 4–5 mm, obovate; wings and keel darker mauve.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 12–24 mm long, of 2–7 articles; each article 2.5–4 × 2.5–3.5 mm, densely covered with hooked hairs, joined by necks 1.5–2 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, 2.5 × 1.8 × 0.9 mm, ellipsoid-reniform; hilum small, central.
[FZ]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A half-woody, erect, rather hairy undershrub, 3–6 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Small pink or purplish flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit-segments which adhere like burrs.
[FWTA]

Uses

Use
Domestic, Forage, Medicine
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Legumes of the World Online

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/