Coleus Lour.

Coleus parishii (Hook.f.) A.J.Paton

This species is accepted, and its native range is Myanmar to S. China, Taiwan.


Suddee, S., A. J. Paton, & Parnell, J. (2004). A Taxonomic Revision of Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (Lamiaceae) in Continental South East Asia II. Plectranthinae. Kew Bulletin, 59(3), 379-414. doi:10.2307/4110950

South China, Burma & Thailand.
On limestone rocks in open places; 200 - 1400 m.
Morphology General Habit
Erect or ascending annual herbs, up to 1 m tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subfleshy, broadly ovate or orbicular, 20 - 50 x 20 - 40 mm, apex acute, base truncate, margin coarsely crenate-serrate, glabrous to puberulous on both sides, with minute sessile glands beneath; petioles slender, 1- 7 mm long, slightly pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with posterior pair attached below and close to anterior but not united, included in anterior corolla lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ovoid or tubular-campanulate, c. 2 mm long at anthesis, 3 - 5 mm long in fruit; posterior lip triangular-lanceolate, only slightly broader than teeth of anterior lip, acute at apex, margin slightly decurrent on tube, glabrous inside, pubescent with gland-tipped hairs outside; anterior lip with teeth lanceolate, subequal in length to posterior; tube 10- nerved, shortly pubescent with gland-tipped hairs and sessile glands outside, not saccate at anterior base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla purple, 10 - 18 mm long; posterior lip with lobes acute at apex, pubescent on back, 2 median lobes slightly wider than lateral lobes but equal in length; anterior lip ovate-oblong, 4- 6 mm long, concave, pubescent both sides at apex of lobe; tube 7 - 8 mm long, sigmoid below the middle and slender below, gradually dilated towards throat, slightly pubescent outside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc with anterior side thick, obtuse at apex, twice as long as ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style clavate at apex, slightly cleft, subequal to anterior stamens
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets black, smooth, glossy, rounded or ellipsoid, c. 1 mm long, producing mucilage when wet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, up to 20 cm long; axis pubescent with gland-tipped hairs; verticils slightly or clearly interrupted; cymes pedunculate, 1.5- 6 cm long, producing lax, many- flowered lateral cincinni; bracts sessile, caducous, ovate or lanceolate, up to 3 mm long, acute or acuminate, pubescent; pedicels 1 - 2 mm long in flower, 3 - 5 mm long in fruit, pubescent with gland- tipped hairs
Morphology Stem
Stems succulent, branched, sometimes purple, round- quadrangular, puberulous
This species is characterised by its fruiting calyx which has the posterior lobe only slightly broader than the 4 anterior lobes. Within the region studied the species has long been known under the name Coleus esquirolii (Levl.) Dunn but this name is a synonym of Plectranthus parishii Hook. f., an earlier little-used name. The original description mostly matches the latter species but the distributions are disjunct.
Flowering & fruiting October -January.
Burma, Tenasserim, Moulmein, Parish 444 (holotype K!).

Native to:

China South-Central, China Southeast, Myanmar, Taiwan

Coleus parishii (Hook.f.) A.J.Paton appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 13, 2008 Hiep, N.T. et al. [3363], Vietnam Plectranthus parishii K000479729
May 27, 1998 Parish, C.S.P. [444], Burma Plectranthus parishii K000820177 holotype

First published in PhytoKeys 129: 82 (2019)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Bulletin

    Kew Bulletin

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.