Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Sri Lanka.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Suddee, S. & Paton, A. 2009. A revision of Anisochilus Wall. ex Benth. (Lamiaceae). Kew Bulletin 64: 235. DOI:

The species can be considered vulnerable under VU D2 and a more threatened assessment may be possible, but further data gathering is necessary to establish the extent of habitat reduction. Described in Cramer (1981) as “rather rare”
Sri Lanka (endemic).
On exposed rocks with shallow soil; alt. from near sea level to 100 m. Flowering March – July, fruiting July – September.
Morphology General Habit
Erect annual or short lived perennial herb, sometimes with shrubby habitat, up to 3 m tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, opposite decussate, obovate or obovate-oblong, 25 – 50 × 12 – 30 mm, apex rounded or obtuse, base obtuse or shortly cuneate, margin crenate, fleshy, faintly aromatic when crushed, scaberulous above, velvety-hoary tomentose with secondary veins and tertiary reticulate venation prominent beneath, red sessile glands present on both sides, lateral veins 7 – 10; petiole up to 20 mm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ovoid, c. 1 mm long at anthesis, villous; fruiting calyx 2 – 4 mm long; posterior lip 1-lobed, ovate, deflexed after anthesis and concealing throat, pubescent; anterior lip truncate or obscurely toothed, membranous, adpressed to tube; tube ventrally saccate around the middle, constricted at throat, pubescent to villous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or pale purple, 5 – 7 mm long, villous with red sessile glands, anterior lip with lilac spots
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets dark brown to black, globose or ellipsoid, c 0.6 – 0.8 mm in diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, branched, usually corymbose-like in appearance; spike-like head mostly ovoid in bud and fruit, occasionally ovoid-cylindric, up to 20 mm long and 8 mm wide; bracts ovate, minute, pubescent
Morphology Stem
Stems branched above or much branched from base, round-quadrangular, glabrescent to pubescent with red sessile glands, old stem glabrous
The extent of occurrence would appear to be less than 500 km2 from the collections seen Thwaites (1860) listed ‘Anisochilus suffruticosus Wight, Ic. t. 1437’ under Anisochilus and cited specimen C.P. 3573 from Gunner’s Quoin, in the Batticaloa Distr. This specimen is the type of A. velutinus. The name A. suffruticosus was later published by Hooker (1885) for a different taxon. Anisochilus suffruticosus sensu Thwaites (1860: 238) non Wight (1849).
Sri Lanka, Gunner’s Quoin, in the Batticaloa Distr., C.P. 3573 (holotype PDA; isotypes BM!, K!).

Native to:

Sri Lanka

Coleus velutinus (Trimen) A.J.Paton appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1999 Thwaites, G. H. K. [3573], Sri Lanka Anisochilus velutinus K000674749 isotype
s.coll. [s.n.], Sri Lanka Anisochilus velutinus K000674750

First published in PhytoKeys 129: 107 (2019)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.