Pleurolobus salicifolius (Poir.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi

First published in J. Jap. Bot. 94: 145 (2019)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Africa. It is a perennial, subshrub or shrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/19892272/178422047

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Woody perennial herb or subshrub or shrub with flexuous stem erect to 2.6 m., or creeping with ascending to erect inflorescences; stem reddish to pale brown, terete (below) to angular, striate, glabrous near base, minutely uncinulate-puberulent and soft spreading pilose with slender tapering hairs above.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; stipules lanceolate-ovate to -attenuate, 5–15 mm. long, 2.5–5 mm. wide, striate and puberulent on outer surface, becoming reflexed, deciduous; petioles scarcely to densely uncinulate-puberulent and pilose, the leaf-rhachides usually more densely so than the petioles; leaflets lanceolate or lanceolate-ovate to nearly elliptic, narrowly obovate, or broadly ovate, obtuse to acute or acuminate and mucronulate at apex, obtuse at base, the lateral similar but slightly oblique, essentially glabrous above except along midrib, softly pilose along veins or throughout beneath, the terminal ones 6–17.5 cm. long, 2–6.5 cm. wide, the lateral slightly smaller.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences racemose-paniculate, the racemes lax to very dense; rhachides angular, lineate, reddish to tawny, uncinulate-puberulent to -pubescent with long tapering hairs sparsely or abundantly intermixed; primary bracts each subtending 2 pedicels, ovate- or lanceolate-attenuate, 3–10 mm. long, 0.7–2 mm. wide, essentially glabrous to minutely puberulent on outer surface; secondary bracts each subtending 1 pedicel (± laterally), smaller, similar or scale-like; pedicels uncinulate-puberulent with (or without) long tapering hairs intermixed, becoming reflexed after anthesis, 2.5–6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (said to be inconspicuous) ranging in colour from yellow or pinkish green to vermilion, or cream or white with blue or mauve keel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx finely puberulent and abundantly long-pilose throughout, the lobes subequal in length, 3.5–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard almost orbicular, retuse at apex, 4–7 mm. long; wings oblong, obtuse at apex, slightly auricled, shortly clawed, 3–6 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. wide; keel-petals equalling standard in length, 1–2 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit sessile to shortly stipitate (stipe up to 2.5 mm. long), 2–7-articled, upper suture straight, the lower slightly indented at the isthmi which are 2.5–3 mm. wide; articles minutely uncinulate-puberulent with short fine pilosity intermixed on both surfaces and sutures, 3.5–6.5 mm. long, 2–3.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ± oblong, brown, 2.3–3.3 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 65/1, p. 453.
[FTEA]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Sudanian grasslands, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian grassland
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Ansotrirano, Famolakantsy, Kijanamborana, Odiozatra, Pindrano, Sompatsi, Tsindahoromena, Tsipipidrano
[ILDIS]

Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

Morphology General Habit
An erect somewhat woody subshrub 0.9–3.6 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems striate or wrinkled, pilose with slightly spreading or appressed hairs together with some very short pubescence.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 3–17.5 × 1–6.5 cm, oblong-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, rounded to acute and mucronulate at the apex, rounded or slightly subcordate at the base, glabrous on upper surface except for the midrib, appressed-hairy on the main venation beneath and with sparse to dense shorter hairs between; petiole 0.7–6 cm long, sometimes rather thick and channelled; rhachis 0.6–2 cm long; petiolules 2.5–5 mm long; stipules 7–18 × 2.5–5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, striate, ciliate, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, mostly dense, 9–30 cm long, finely puberulous and with uncinulate pubescence; peduncle 10–25 mm long; pedicels 2.5–4.5 mm long, puberulous; primary bracts each subtending 2 pedicels, 3–9 × 0.7–2.5 mm, lanceolate, striate, pubescent and ciliate, deciduous; secondary bracts very small.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx puberulous and with some longer hairs; tube 1 mm long; lobes 1.5–2 mm long, triangular, the upper pair joined to form an entire ovate lip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard pinkish-purple becoming blue, or white, yellow or greenish-yellow, 6.5 × 5 mm, obovate; wings pink, purple or yellow-green, mauve at apex, keel pink or yellowish-green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits 3–4.5 cm long, of 3–7 articles, each article 4.5–8.5 × 2.5–3.5 mm, oblong, distinctly thickened particularly at the margins, finely puberulous and with longer pubescence, with raised reticulation of veins when mature, only slightly constricted, the necks being only slightly narrower than the articles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds chestnut-brown, yellow-brown or purple-brown, 2.3–4 × 1.5–2 × 0.7 mm, ellipsoid-oblong; the hilum ± central.
[FZ]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A half-woody, erect undershrub, 3–4 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Red or yellowish flowers in slender more or less panicled spike-like racemes.
[FWTA]

Uses

Use
Environmental, Food and Drink, Medicine
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0