Family:
Rutaceae Juss.

Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook.f. ex Benth.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Indian Subcontinent to S. Central China.

[FZ]

Rutaceae, F. A. Mendoça. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 10 m. tall; bark grey, mottled; young branches and leaves pubescent becoming glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 6–20 (28) cm. long, imparipinnate; petiole 1–2·5 cm. long, terete or slightly grooved at the base; leaflets alternate, (4) 5–8 (9–10) on each side of the rhachis; petiolules slender, 1–3·5 mm. long; lamina 1–6 (7) × 0·6–2·5 (3·5) cm., rather smaller in the proximal than in the distal leaflets, ± asymmetric, ovate or ovate-oblong or elliptic to narrowly elliptic, pubescent or glabrous, densely dotted with pellucid glands, acute or slightly emarginate at the apex, margin crenulate or entire, cuneate or rounded at the base; lateral nerves 5–8 pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of elongate puberulous panicles, as long as the subtending leaves or a little shorter; peduncle long; bracts and bracteoles scarious, very small, caducous.
Morphology General Buds
Flower-buds ± 3 mm. long, obovoid; pedicels very slender, 3–4 (5) mm. long, puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, 0·8 mm. long, acute, slightly joined at the base, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, 4–5 mm. long, whitish, imbricate in bud, elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8, 4 mm. long, inserted at the base of the disk; filaments subulate, flattened towards the base; anthers basifixed, 1 mm. long, introrse, elliptic, 2-lobed at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1·3 mm. long, subellipsoid, 4 (5)-locular with 2 ovules in each loculus; style stout, stigma broadly obtuse.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Trinidad-Tobago

Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook.f. ex Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13428], Cameroon K000580029 No
May 1, 2005 Tchiengue, B. [2266], Cameroon K000008171 No
Oct 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [7255], Cameroon K000198275 No
Dec 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3102], Cameroon K000337776 No
Dec 1, 2000 Zapfack, L. [787], Cameroon K000337770 No
Mar 1, 1999 Kamundi, D. [695], Cameroon K000337775 No
Mar 1, 1999 Etuge, M. [2239], Cameroon K000337777 No
Apr 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [803], Cameroon K000337774 No
Jan 1, 1964 Boughey, A.S. [6843], Cameroon K000094133 No
Jan 1, 1928 Mann, G. [1187], Cameroon K000094316 No
Jan 1, 1928 Mann, G. [1187], Cameroon K000094315 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [5110], Ghana 21866.000 No
Jeffrey, C. [569], Seychelles 23312.000 No
Ash [1944], Ethiopia 35870.000 No
Ash, J. [1451], Ethiopia 37822.000 No
Daramola, B. O. [FHI 40453], Cameroon K000094137 No
Patel, H. [7240], Mozambique K000545201 No
Lightbody, J.S. [FHI 26301], Cameroon K000094317 No
Breteler, F.J. [276], Cameroon K000094310 No
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28491], Cameroon K000094318 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8507] Clausena nana K001125721 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8507] Clausena nana K001125720 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8514] Clausena suffruticosa K001125744 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8514] Clausena suffruticosa K001125745 Yes
Jan 1, 1994 De Silva, F. [8513], Meghalaya Clausena anisata var. paucijuga K000382472 Yes
Jan 1, 1994 Kerr, A.F.G. [5486A], Thailand Clausena anisata var. paucijuga K000382440 lectotype Yes
Jan 1, 1994 De Silva, F. [8513], Meghalaya Clausena anisata var. paucijuga K000382471 lectotype Yes
Jan 1, 1994 Kerr, A.F.G. [10468], Thailand Clausena anisata var. paucijuga K000382423 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8510], India Clausena pubescens K001125731 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8510], India Clausena pubescens K001125728 Yes
Jan 1, 1927 s.coll. [Cat. no. 6370], India Clausena dentata K000382486 Yes

First published in W.J.Hooker, Niger Fl.: 256 (1849)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kokwaro, J.O. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Rutaceae: 1-52.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1979). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 2: 1-220. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

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