Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. raphanistrum

This subspecies is accepted
The native range of this subspecies is Europe to Medit. and Central Asia. It is an annual or biennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bahamas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China South-Central, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Great Britain, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf States, Haiti, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Irkutsk, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Lesotho, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Marianas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, St.Helena, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Utah, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6. Scientific Data 8: 215.
  • Muer, T., Sauerbier, H. & Cabrara Calixto, F. (2020). Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Madeiras: 1-792. Verlag und Versandbuchhandlung Andreas Kleinsteuber.

Kew Backbone Distributions

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Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Sources

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0