Genus:
Salix L.

Salix mucronata Thunb.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Arabian Peninsula.

[FWTA]

Salicaceae, R. D. Meikle. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A riverside bush or small tree, 8–30 ft. high.

[FZ]

Salicaceae, C. M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous shrub or small tree 2–10 m. high, much-branched; branches spreading and pendulous, rather brittle.
Morphology Stem
Woody stems dark red-brown or black, shallowly longitudinally furrowed, glabrous or more rarely with short fine light brown ± erect hairs and few inconspicuous small pale lenticels; young stems lighter, often densely short-hairy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, 11–15 x 2–3.5 cm., narrowly- to linear-elliptic, on juvenile or late season non-flowering growth, and 2–8(12) x 0.5–1.5 cm., linear-obovate sometimes linear-elliptic on mature growth; apex acute sometimes acuminate, mucronate; base cuneate, margin subentire to crenate, serrate or biserrate; lamina chartaceous, markedly discolorous, midgreen above and pale usually glaucous beneath, glabrous or sparsely to densely hairy on midrib and sometimes both surfaces; primary veins often reddish, rather indistinct, 7–13 pairs arching and joining near the margin, often with intermediate shorter finer veins, reticulate venation prominulous above hardly visible beneath; petiole 3–15 mm. long often reddish, glabrous or sparsely to densely hairy as on stem.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules minute, suborbicular, 0.2–0.3 x 0.4 mm., irregularly 3-lobed, soon caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Catkins terminal on short axillary branches. Male inflorescence 3–9 cm. long, axis fairly stout with abundant long fine tangled hairs. Female inflorescence 1.5–8 cm. long.
sex Male
Male inflorescence 3–9 cm. long, axis fairly stout with abundant long fine tangled hairs. Male flowers (20) 40 or more, spirally arranged, sessile, each subtended by an ovate densely long-hairy greenish-yellow bract 1.5–2.5 mm. long with a rounded or 3-toothed apex; disk divided into 2 unequal, fleshy, ± ovoid, entire or irregularly-lobed glands, 0.7–1.1 mm. long; stamens (5)6–8, filaments 3–5.5 mm. long, hairy mainly in the lower half, anthers rather shortly oblong, 0.2–0.5 x 0.3–0.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers 15–30 (or more), each subtended by a persistent ovate or obovate acute bract 2–3.5 mm. long, pubescent as in male but more sparsely so on upper surface; disk a minute, usually 5-lobed, fleshy ± horseshoe-shaped, almost cup-like gland surrounding the stipe base; stipe 0.5–1.5 mm. long, glabrous; ovary 2–2.5 mm. long, ovoid; style 0.5–1 mm. long; stigmas 0.3 mm. long, shortly bilobed, ± glabrous. Male flowers (20) 40 or more, spirally arranged, sessile, each subtended by an ovate densely long-hairy greenish-yellow bract 1.5–2.5 mm. long with a rounded or 3-toothed apex; disk divided into 2 unequal, fleshy, ± ovoid, entire or irregularly-lobed glands, 0.7–1.1 mm. long; stamens (5)6–8, filaments 3–5.5 mm. long, hairy mainly in the lower half, anthers rather shortly oblong, 0.2–0.5 x 0.3–0.5 mm.
sex Female
Female flowers 15–30 (or more), each subtended by a persistent ovate or obovate acute bract 2–3.5 mm. long, pubescent as in male but more sparsely so on upper surface; disk a minute, usually 5-lobed, fleshy ± horseshoe-shaped, almost cup-like gland surrounding the stipe base; stipe 0.5–1.5 mm. long, glabrous; ovary 2–2.5 mm. long, ovoid; style 0.5–1 mm. long; stigmas 0.3 mm. long, shortly bilobed, ± glabrous. Female inflorescence 1.5–8 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mature capsule ovoid (3)4.5–6 x 2–2.5(3) mm. with stipe 0.5–3.5 mm. long, glabrous; splitting into 2 valves along longitudinal furrows.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 0.6–1.4 mm. long, ovoid, with a large tuft of long fine white hairs ± twice the seed in length.

[FTEA]

Salicaceae, C.M. Wilmot-Dear. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous shrub or small tree 2–10 m. high, much branched; branches spreading and pendulous, rather brittle.
Morphology Stem
Woody stems dark red-brown or black, shallowly longitudinally furrowed, glabrous or more rarely with short fine light brown ± erect hairs and few inconspicuous small pale lenticels; young stems lighter, often densely short-hairy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades narrowly elliptical, on juvenile growth markedly larger, 11–15 cm. long, 2–3.5 cm. wide, on mature growth smaller, 2–8 cm. long, 0.5–1.5 cm. wide, apex acute sometimes acuminate, extreme tip mucronate, base cuneate, margin ± entire, crenate, serrate or biserrate, chartaceous, markedly discolorous, mid green above, pale usually glaucous beneath, glabrous or with sparse, rarely dense, hairs as stem on midrib and sometimes both surfaces; primary veins often reddish, 7–13 pairs, alternate or subopposite and often with intermediate shorter finer veins, arching and joining near margin, reticulate venation prominulous above, hardly visible beneath; petiole 3–15 mm. long, often reddish, glabrous or with sparse to dense hairs as stem.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules minute, suborbicular, 0.2–0.3 mm. long, 0.4 mm. wide, irregularly 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Catkins terminal on short axillary branches. Male inflorescence 3–9 cm. long; axis fairly stout with abundant long fine tangled hairs. Female inflorescence 1.5–8 cm. long.
sex Male
Male inflorescence 3–9 cm. long; axis fairly stout with abundant long fine tangled hairs. Flowers (20–)40 or more, spirally arranged, sessile, each subtended by an ovate densely long-hairy greenish-yellow bract 1.5–2.5 mm. long with acute, rounded or 3-toothed apex. Disc divided into 2 unequal fleshy ± oval entire or irregularly lobed glands 0.7–1.1 mm. long. Stamens (5–)6–8; filaments 3–5.5 mm. long, long-hairy mainly in lower half; anthers rather shortly oblong, 0.2–0.5 mm. long, 0.3–0.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (20–)40 or more, spirally arranged, sessile, each subtended by an ovate densely long-hairy greenish-yellow bract 1.5–2.5 mm. long with acute, rounded or 3-toothed apex. Flowers 15 to over 30, each subtended by a persistent ovate or obovate acute bract 2–3.5 mm. long, pubescent as male bract, but more sparsely on upper surface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc divided into 2 unequal fleshy ± oval entire or irregularly lobed glands 0.7–1.1 mm. long. Disc a minute usually 5-lobed fleshy ± horseshoe-shaped almost cup-like structure surrounding stipe-base; stipe 0.5–1.5 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (5–)6–8; filaments 3–5.5 mm. long, long-hairy mainly in lower half; anthers rather shortly oblong, 0.2–0.5 mm. long, 0.3–0.5 mm. wide.
sex Female
Female inflorescence 1.5–8 cm. long. Flowers 15 to over 30, each subtended by a persistent ovate or obovate acute bract 2–3.5 mm. long, pubescent as male bract, but more sparsely on upper surface. Disc a minute usually 5-lobed fleshy ± horseshoe-shaped almost cup-like structure surrounding stipe-base; stipe 0.5–1.5 mm. long, glabrous. Ovary 2–2.5 mm. long, ovoid, ± glabrous; style 0.5–1 mm. long; stigmas 0.3 mm. long, shortly 2-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2–2.5 mm. long, ovoid, ± glabrous; style 0.5–1 mm. long; stigmas 0.3 mm. long, shortly 2-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mature capsule ovoid, 4.5–6 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, with stipe up to 3.5 mm., glabrous and rather rough, splitting into 2 valves along 2 longitudinal furrows.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid, 0.6–1.4 mm. long, with large tuft of long fine white hairs ± twice seed-length.
Figures
Fig. 1.
Habitat
Along streams and rivers in forest, bushland or grassland; 900–2600 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K6 T4 T6/T7 T7 U1 U3

Doubtfully present in:

Algeria

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Salix mucronata Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Ash [1353], Ethiopia Salix subserrata 35851.000 No
Robertson [51], Botswana Salix subserrata K000489712 No
Miller, O.B. [946], Botswana Salix subserrata K000489714 No
Miller, O.B. [946], Botswana Salix subserrata K000489713 No
Mc Whirter, J. [245], Madagascar Salix madagascariensis 32214.000 No

First published in Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 6 (1794)

Accepted by

  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Launert, E. & Cope, G.V. (eds.) (1991). Flora Zambesiaca 9(6): 1-135. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Wilmot-Dear, C.M. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Salicaceae: 1-7.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0