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This species is accepted, and its native range is Canary Islands, S. Iberian Peninsula Baleares, Sahara to S. Africa, Socotra, Indian Subcontinent to S. China and Indo-China.
Osyris lanceolata

[FTEA]

Santalaceae, P.M. Polhill, B.A., Ph.D., F.L.S. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, 1.5–9(–14) m tall, all parts glabrous; bark coarsely furrowed; slash bright crimson; branches somewhat flattened and sometimes rather pendent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually alternate, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, rarely obovate, 1.5–6.5x0.7–4 cm, abruptly apiculate, base cuneate, veins ± immersed, only midvein raised beneath and running back down stem in a narrow ridge; petiole 1–3 mm long, articulated to a small cushion.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers either hermaphrodite or male, plants androdioecious, hermaphrodite flowers in axils of upper leaves; peduncles solitary, usually 1-flowered, occasionally flowers in 2–3-flowered dichasia; male flowers both axillary and terminal, often panicled, each peduncle usually terminating in an umbellate cluster of flowers, rarely flowers solitary or in a 2–3-flowered dichasium; peduncles 4–28 mm long; bracts and bracteoles linear-lanceolate, 1–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth yellowish green, leathery; hermaphrodite flowers:tube 0.5–0.6 mm long, obscured inside by disk, lobes 3(–4), spreading, ovate-deltate, 1.5–2x1.8–2.2 mm, tips slightly hooded; male flowers similar.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3(–4); filaments 0.5–0.7 mm long; anthers 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2–2.8 mm long, ovules 3(–4) in hermaphrodite flowers, ovules and placenta aborted in male flowers; style 0.8–1 mm long, thick, cylindric; stigma in hermaphrodite flowers normally 4- rarely 3-lobed, lobes ellipsoid, prominent; in male flowers both style and stigma aborted or rudimentary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ellipsoid, 5–6.5 mm in diameter when dry, epicarp thin, fleshy, red when ripe.
Figures
Fig. 5 (page 24).
Habitat
Upland dry evergreen forest and mist forest, with associated bushland and grassland, extending down rivers and from there marginally into deciduous woodland; (50–)900–2700 m
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 widespread in Africa from Algeria to Ethiopia and south to South AfricaEurope (Iberian peninsula and Balearic Is.), Asia (India to China), Socotra

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Type
Type from Algeria.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, 1.2–6 m tall, all parts glabrous Shrub or small tree, 1.2–6 m tall, all parts glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually alternate, 15–65 × 7–40 mm, elliptic or elliptic.oblong, rarely obovate, apex abruptly apiculate, base cuneate, veins ± immersed, only midvein raised below and running back down stem in narrow ridge; petiole 1–3 mm long, articulated to a small cushion Leaves usually alternate, 15–65 × 7–40 mm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, rarely obovate, apex abruptly apiculate, base cuneate, veins ± immersed, only midvein raised below and running back down stem in narrow ridge; petiole 1–3 mm long, articulated to a small cushion.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers either hermaphrodite or male, plants androdioecious, hermaphrodite flowers in axils of upper leaves; peduncles solitary, usually 1-flowered, occasionally flowers in 2–3-flowered dichasia; male flowers both axillary and terminal, often panicled, each peduncle usually terminating in an umbellate cluster of flowers, rarely flowers solitary or in a 2–3-flowered dichasium Flowers either hermaphrodite or male, plants androdioecious, hermaphrodite flowers in axils of upper leaves; peduncles solitary, usually 1-flowered, occasionally flowers in 2–3-flowered dichasia; male flowers both axillary and terminal, often panicled, each peduncle usually terminating in an umbellate cluster of flowers, rarely flowers solitary or in a 2–3-flowered dichasium.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2–2.8 mm long, ovules 3 (rarely 4) in hermaphrodite flowers, ovules and placenta aborted in male flowers; style 0.8–1 mm long, thick, cylindric; stigma in hermaphrodite flowers normally 4- rarely 3-lobed, lobes ellipsoid, prominent; in male flowers both style and stigma aborted or rudimentary
Ecology
Forest and woodland, often along streams, in gullies, under cliffs and in other rocky sites; also granite outcrops and other rocky places on open hillsides; c. 1100–2300 m.
Note
Great variation in leaf size and shape has elicited a considerable synonymy. The above synonymy is not exhaustive. Bark used in tanning; fruits edible.
Distribution
Also in Europe (Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands), Asia (India to SE Asia) and widespread in Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Socotra, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Dem. Rep. Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola, South Africa, Namibia). Mozambique Malawi Zimbabwe Zambia BOT N, ZAM N, ZAM C, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM C, ZIM E, ZIM S, MAL N, MAL C, MOZ N, MOZ Z, MOZ M, MOZ S Botswana
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 4–28 mm long. Peduncles 4–28 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts and bracteoles c. 1–3 mm long, linear-lanceolate. Bracts and bracteoles c. 1–3 mm long, linear-lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth yellowish-green, leathery; hermaphrodite flowers: tube 0.5–0.6 mm long, obscured inside by disk, lobes usually 3, rarely 4, 1.5–2 × 1.8–2.2 mm, spreading, ovate-deltoid, tips slightly hooded; male flowers similar. Perianth yellowish-green, leathery; hermaphrodite flowers: tube 0.5–0.6 mm long, obscured inside by disk, lobes usually 3, rarely 4, 1.5–2 × 1.8–2.2 mm, spreading, ovate-deltoid, tips slightly hooded; male flowers similar
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens normally 3, rarely 4; filaments 0.5 mm long; anthers 0.5 mm long. Stamens normally 3, rarely 4; filaments 0.5 mm long; anthers 0.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2–2.8 mm long, ovules 3 (rarely 4) in hermaphrodite flowers, ovules and placenta aborted in male flowers; style 0.8–1 mm long, thick, cylindric; stigma in hermaphrodite flowers normally 4- rarely 3-lobed, lobes ellipsoid, prominent; in male flowers both style and stigma aborted or rudimentary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5–6.5 mm in diameter when dry, ellipsoid, epicarp thin, fleshy, red when ripe. Fruit 5–6.5 mm in diameter when dry, ellipsoid, epicarp thin, fleshy, red when ripe.

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Assam, Baleares, Botswana, Burundi, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Free State, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Portugal, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 2012 Pooma et al. [5367], Thailand K000734238
Jan 1, 1960 Rogers, F.A. [6214], Botswana K000285525
Jan 1, 1960 Roth [84], Ethiopia K000431851 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1960 Schimper, W. [281], Ethiopia K000431852
Jan 1, 1960 Balfour, I.B. [630], Socotra K000431850
Mott, P.J. [293], Botswana K000285527
Craven, P. [3773], Namibia K000285528
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Morocco K000431836
Bové [s.n.], Algeria K000431837
Schimper, W. [s.n.], Algeria K000431838
Maw, G. [s.n.], Morocco K000431839
Bové, N. [s.n.], Algeria K000431843
Bové, N. [30], Algeria K000431844
Salzmann [s.n.], Morocco K000431842
Webb, P.B. [s.n.] K000431841
Schimper, W. [s.n.], Algeria K000431835
Morocco K000431840
Hansen, O.J. [3210], Botswana K000285526
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4036] Osyris wightiana K001038015

First published in Exsicc. (Unio Itin.) 1832: s.n. (1832)

Accepted by

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Mao, A.A., Odyuo, N., Verma, D. & Singh, P. (2017). Checklist of Flora of Nagaland: 1-196. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Polhill, R.M. (2005). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Santalaceae: 1-27.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Not accepted by

  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press. [Cited as Osyris quadripartita.]

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Exsicc. Unio Itin. Schimper s.n. cum descript. (1832).
  • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees Sthn. Africa: 156 (1977).
  • M. Coates Palgrave, ed. 3 of K. Coates Palgrave, Trees Sthn. Africa: 194, photo. 34 (2002). TAB. 50, fig. B.
  • Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 106: 388 fig. 1 (1961).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1999). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 13: 1-284. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. I. Pteridophyta à Rosaceae Candollea 47: 113-179.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1985). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 3. revised edition Sommerfeltia 1: 5-103.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Mao, A.A., Odyuo, N., Verma, D. & Singh, P. (2017). Checklist of Flora of Nagaland: 1-196. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 353, fig. (1994).
  • Hochst. & Steud., Exsicc. Unio Itin. Schimper s.n. cum descript. (1832).
  • M. Coates Palgrave, Trees Southern Africa: 194, photo. 34 (2002).
  • Stauffer in Viert. Nat. Ges. Zürich 106: 388, fig. 1 (1961).
  • Thulin in Fl. Somalia 2: 145, fig. 94 (1999).

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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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