Genus:
Santalum L.

Santalum album L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Jawa to N. Australia.

[FTEA]

Santalaceae, P.M. Polhill, B.A., Ph.D., F.L.S. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen shrub or small tree.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate, often glaucous beneath, elliptic to ovate-elliptic, 4–9 x 1.5–3.5 cm, pinnately nerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in thyrses, 1–3 per bract.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth pale green turning purplish inside, the lobes 4(–5), 2 mm long, bearing a small stamen in a tuft of hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe, reddish purple turning black, subglobose, 1–1.5 cm diameter.
Distribution
native of Asia,

[FWTA]

Santalaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Vernacular
Sandalwood

[FTEA]
Use
The wood is highly valued for its fragrance used in perfumes and cosmetics. The essence is distilled from the heartwood. The wood is one of the finest for carving. Senna siamea is recommended as a host.

Native to:

Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Western Australia

Introduced into:

Assam, Bangladesh, Caroline Is., China Southeast, Florida, India, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, Rodrigues, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Santalum album L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
17001.000 No
17005.000 No
Brown, R. [3216], Northern Territory K000880537 Yes
Brown, R. [s.n.], Northern Territory K000880539 Yes
Brown, R. [3216], Northern Territory K000880538 Yes
Wallich, N. [4034], Indian Subcontinent Santalum myrtifolium K000880542 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4034] Santalum myrtifolium K001117988 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4034], India Santalum myrtifolium K001117990 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4034], India Santalum myrtifolium K001117991 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4034] Santalum myrtifolium K001117989 Yes
Roxburgh [s.n.], India Santalum myrtifolium K000880543 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4034] Santalum myrtifolium K001117992 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4034] Santalum myrtifolium K001117987 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 4034] Santalum myrtifolium K001117986 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 349 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Guého, J. & Marais, W. (1982). Flore des Mascareignes 153-160: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Australia 22: 1-239. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Guého, J. & Marais, W. (1982). Flore des Mascareignes 153-160: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1999). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 13: 1-284. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Australia 22: 1-239. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Santisuk, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (2005). Flora of Thailand 9(1): 1-89. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

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