Santalum album L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 349 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Jawa to N. Australia. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Santalaceae, P.M. Polhill, B.A., Ph.D., F.L.S. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen shrub or small tree.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate, often glaucous beneath, elliptic to ovate-elliptic, 4–9 x 1.5–3.5 cm, pinnately nerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in thyrses, 1–3 per bract.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth pale green turning purplish inside, the lobes 4(–5), 2 mm long, bearing a small stamen in a tuft of hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe, reddish purple turning black, subglobose, 1–1.5 cm diameter.
Distribution
native of Asia,
[FTEA]

Santalaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Vernacular
Sandalwood
[FWTA]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/31852/2807668

Conservation
VU - vulnerable
[IUCN]

Uses

Use
The wood is highly valued for its fragrance used in perfumes and cosmetics. The essence is distilled from the heartwood. The wood is one of the finest for carving. Senna siamea is recommended as a host.
[FTEA]

Common Names

English
Sandalwood

Sources

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images