Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 20 m. tall; wood hard, white, brittle; bark smooth, greyish-green; branchlets minutely tomentellous, eventually glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; petiole 2–9 cm. long, minutely tomentellous; leaflets subequal or the terminal one up to nearly twice as long as the lateral ones; petiolules 2–9 mm. long; lamina of terminal leaflet 4·5–14 × 2–6 cm., elliptic, chartaceous, minutely tomentellous (sometimes subsericeous) on both surfaces when young and soon glabrescent, minutely glandular beneath, apex acute and slightly acuminate, margin rather shallowly and often irregularly (sometimes doubly) serrate or dentate, base cuneate and sometimes slightly narrowed; lateral nerves 8–10 pairs, often with tufts of hairs in their axils beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 8 cm. long (in our area), 1–2-branched, minutely tomentellous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in few-flowered subsessile glomerules, pedicels up to 1 mm. long, minutely tomentellous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Outer sepals 1·5 × 1·5 mm., subcircular, minutely pubescent, inner 1·5 × 1 mm., elliptic, minutely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1 × 0·7 mm., spathulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens with filaments 1 mm. long in male flowers; staminodes with filaments 0·5 mm. long in female flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 1·5 mm. long, usually 3-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (not seen from our area) 6–8 × 6 mm., obovoid-globose, sparsely pubescent, with 1 or 2 cocci developing.

[FTEA]

Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Medium to fairly large tree, rarely shrubby, (4.5–)6–21(–25) m. tall and with slender bole 30–90 cm. diameter, sometimes slightly buttressed at the base (e.g. in Chyulu Hills); crown dark green, open to dense, irregular or rounded; bark grey or greyish white, smooth or slightly rough or granular, sometimes peeling in small to large flakes; slash pale brownish pink or pale orange darkening to reddish brown and smelling of pepper, also described ( Ede 1,T7) as off-white with pinky brown green-edged lines; sapwood white; young branches minutely ferruginous tomentellous and densely lenticellate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves trifoliolate, drying dull and dark above, thinly coriaceous; petiole 2.5–10.5 mm. long, minutely tomentellous or less often more distinctly pubescent; leaflets elliptic to obovate, (2.8–)5.5–21 cm. long, (1.2–)3–11 cm. wide, acute to acuminate at the apex, attenuate to cuneate at the base, shallowly crenulate to toothed, adpressed velvety pilose when very young, later glabrescent or glabrous to minutely puberulous, less often pubescent; tufts of hairs in axils of nerves and veins usually conspicuous beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 5–22 cm. long, with 2–10 branches, some again branched, usually finely tomentose; cymules subsessile; pedicels 1–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers said to be lily-scented or scentless; outer sepals elliptic, 1.2–1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, puberulous, inner elliptic to round, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide; petals dirty white or yellowish, 1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 2–3 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style 2–3 mm. long, ± glabrous; stigma 1–1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit red or orange, subglobose, oblong or elliptic, 6–8 mm. long and wide, with very sparse hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ellipsoid, 5–5.5 mm. long, 5.5–6 mm. wide.
Habitat
Rain-forest, montane forest edges, evergreen thicket, woodland, sometimes riparian; (650–)1050–2550(–?2850) m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Allophylus abyssinicus (Hochst.) Radlk. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Schimper [377], Ethiopia K000426156

First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(5): 313 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker f. in Journal of Botany 57: 186 (1919).
  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 412, map (1994).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 504 (1961).
  • Exell in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 498 (1966).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 223 (1962).
  • Gilg in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 476 (1912).
  • Hamilton, Field Guide Uganda For. Trees: 97 (1981).
  • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 303 (1960).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 554 (1949).
  • Radlk. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien III, 5: 313 (1895)
  • Radlk. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV, 165: 534 (1932).
  • Radlk. in Sitz. Akad. Wiss. München 38: 223 (1909).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 517 (1948).
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 298 (1983).
  • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 499, fig. 125.7 (1990).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 375 (1952).
  • Wimbush, Cat. Kenya Timbers, ed. 2: 28 (1957).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0