Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Sapindaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Usually shrubs, sometimes small trees to 25 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers creamy-white in almost catkin-like racemes, sweet-scented
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe fruits red
Ecology
Especially in forest regrowth and margins, and in protected places in the savannah regions. (See Appendix, p. 330.)

[FZ]

Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Small tree up to 10 m. tall or shrub; branchlets fulvous-tomentose to nearly glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; petiole up to 7 cm. long, nearly glabrous to densely pubescent; leaflets subequal or with the terminal one up to 11/2 times as long as the lateral ones; petiolules up to 12 mm. long in the terminal leaflet but rarely exceeding 2 mm. in the sometimes subsessile lateral ones; lamina of terminal leaflet up to 15 × 8 cm. (sometimes larger outside our area) but often much smaller (especially in Groups C and D, q.v.), obovate to elliptic, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, almost glabrous to pubescent above, almost glabrous to tomentose beneath, minutely glandular beneath and sometimes with tufts of hairs in the axils of the lateral nerves, apex acute or rounded and sometimes slightly acuminate, margin shallowly crenate-serrate or shallowly serrate or sometimes subentire, base cuneate to narrowly cuneate (rarely appreciably narrowed except in some possible hybrids); lateral nerves 6–9 pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 9–26 cm. long, branched, densely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, cream, yellow or green, in few-flowered subsessile glomerules; pedicels up to 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Outer sepals 1·8 × 1·8 mm., subcircular, inner 1·5 × 1 mm., elliptic, all glabrous to pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1·2 × 0·9 mm., spathulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens with filaments 1·5 mm. long; staminodes 0·5 mm. long in male flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2-lobed; style 1·8 mm. long, 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit red or orange turning red, 4–6 mm. in diam., subglobose in our area (sometimes ellipsoid elsewhere), sparsely pubescent to pubescent when young, glabrous to pubescent when mature, 1 coccus (rarely 2) developing.

[FTEA]

Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree (2–)4.5–10 m. tall, with heavy spreading crown; bark black or grey to reddish, smooth or rough; slash yellow with pink tinge; branchlets ± glabrous to puberulous or pubescent, lenticellate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves trifoliolate, typically ± glabrous but hairy in variety, very discolorous, when glabrous dark and shiny above; leaflets narrowly elliptic to elliptic, 2–14.5 cm. long, 1–7 cm. wide, rounded to acuminate at the apex, attenuate to cuneate at the base, subentire to crenate or coarsely and irregularly dentate, subcoriaceous, sometimes with hairy domatia beneath; petiole (1–)2–7.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 4.5–15 cm. long, unbranched or usually with 1–6 branches, usually pale fulvous pubescent; cymules subsessile; pedicels (0.5–)1.5–2 mm. long, often glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, greenish white or yellowish green, scented; outer sepals broadly elliptic, ± 1 mm. long and wide, inner oblate, 1 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide, ± glabrous; petal spathulate, 1 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments ± 2 mm. long, hairy at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style 1 mm. long, hairy; stigma 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ellipsoid, 5–7 mm. long, 4–4.5 mm. wide, very sparsely hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ellipsoid, 5.5–6 mm. long, 4.5 mm. wide.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Allophylus africanus P.Beauv. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1997 Tekwe, C. [350], Cameroon K000436359
Jan 1, 1997 Tekwe, C. [346], Cameroon K000436006
Apr 4, 1996 Bagshawe, A.G. [264], Uganda K000426153
Jan 1, 1993 Tekwe, C. [52], Cameroon K000085493
Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [372], Cameroon K000437269
Jan 1, 1968 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6936], Cameroon K000093208
Jan 1, 1963 Allen, C.E.F. [143], Zimbabwe K000426108 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1963 Rogers, F.A. [5538], Zimbabwe K000426110 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1963 Buchanan, J. [427], Malawi K000426112
Jan 1, 1963 Buchanan [377] K000426113
Jan 1, 1963 Holub, E. [s.n.] K000426111 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1963 Rogers, F.A. [5538], Zimbabwe K000426109 Unknown type material
Troupin, G. [3161], Congo, DRC 11500.000
Troupin, G. [4084], Congo, DRC 11501.000
Melville, F.A. [380], Sierra Leone 26332.003
Schweinfurth, G. [3696] K000426157 lectotype
Kassner, T. [2849], Congo, DRC K000426163 isotype
Zenker, G.A. [3161], Cameroon K000426164 isotype
Brunt, M.A. [625], Cameroon K000093214
Olorunfemi, J. [30766], Cameroon K000093210
Maitland, T.D. [748], Cameroon K000093211
Brunt, M.A. [220], Cameroon K000093215
Schweinfurth, G. [3696] K000426158
Holst, C. [3426], Tanzania K000426152 Unknown type material
Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614774
Maitland, T.D. [748], Cameroon K000093212
Brunt, M.A. [87], Cameroon K000093205

First published in Fl. Oware 2: 54 (1818)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév Fl. For. C. Iv. 2: 182, t. 206, 7–12
  • Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 390, t. 82, 3.
  • Fl. Oware 2: 75, t. 107 (1819)
  • Radlk. in Pflanzenr. 536, fig. 12

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Meyer, F.K. (2011). Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien Haussknechtia, Beih. 15: 1-220.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 270, fig. 131 (1921).
  • Baker f. in Journal of Botany 57: 188 (1919).
  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 412, map (1994).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 504 (1961).
  • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 77 (1954).
  • Exell & Sousa in Fl. Moçamb. 51: 13 (1973).
  • Exell in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 506 (1966).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 335 (1952).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 223 (1962).
  • Haerdi in Acta Trop., suppl. 8: 122 (1964).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 554 (1949).
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 713 (1958).
  • P. Beauv., Fl. Owar. 2: 75, t. 107 (1819).
  • R.E. Fr., Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped.: 131 (1914).
  • Radlk. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV, 165: 536, fig. 12 (1932).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 518 (1948).
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 298, fig. 93/3 (1983).
  • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 499, fig. 125.8/4 (1990).
  • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 58 (1980).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 375 (1952).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0