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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & SW. Tanzania to Eswatini.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Large shrub or small tree up to 3–7 m. tall (but see note below); branchlets appressed-pubescent when very young, soon glabrescent, usually pale with rather prominent whitish lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; petiole up to 7 cm. long, pubescent to nearly glabrous; terminal leaflet usually 11/2 times as long as the lateral ones; petiolules up to 15 mm. long but usually much shorter in the often subsessile lateral leaflets; lamina of terminal leaflet up to 15·5 × 6 cm., elliptic to narrowly elliptic, papyraceous (when young) to subcoriaceous, nearly glabrous except for occasional tufts of hairs in the axils of the primary and sometimes of the secondary nerves on the under surface, apex usually acuminate, margin rather remotely serrate or serrulate or crenate-serrulate, base cuneate to broadly cuneate (rarely slightly narrowed, perhaps due to hybridization with A. alnifolius); lateral nerves 8–10 pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 24 cm. long, unbranched, sparsely pubescent to glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white or greenish, in few-flowered subsessile glomerules or short cymules with rhachis 0·5–1 mm. long; pedicels up to 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Outer sepals 1·5–1·8 × 1·5 mm., subcircular, inner 1·5 × 1 mm., elliptic, all glabrous or sparsely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1·5 × 1 mm., spathulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens with filaments 1·8 mm. long; staminodes 0·5 mm. long in male flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2-lobed, pubescent; style 2 mm. long, 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 6 mm. in diam., subglobose, minutely pubescent, 1 or 2 cocci developing.

[FTEA]

Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, often straggling or scrambling or a distinct climber, less often a small tree (see note), (0.6–)1.5–4.5(–6) m. tall or long; stems very lenticellate, pubescent when young then glabrescent or ferruginous velvety.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves trifoliolate; petiole 2–7 cm. long, glabrous to densely pubescent; petiolules 0.2–1.5 cm. long or lateral leaflets often ± sessile; leaflets very discolorous, drying leaden grey above with the venation yellow and pale greenish or often bright brownish beneath, elliptic, oblong, rhombic or narrowly oblanceolate, 4–15.5 cm. long, 2–6 cm. wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, the laterals mostly very asymmetric, subentire to ± remotely serrate, crenate-serrate or coarsely serrate, glabrous to densely almost velvety ferruginous hairy and with tufts of hairs in axes of lateral nerves beneath; lateral nerves in 8–10 pairs, venation raised and reticulate above (impressed in life fide Milne-Redhead & Taylor) and strongly so beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences unbranched or rarely branched, 5–17(–24) cm. long, including peduncle 1–8 cm. long, glabrous or spreading pubescent, the 1–few-flowered cymules usually well spaced; cymule stalk and rhachis 0.5–1 mm. long, pedicels 1–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually ± large for the genus; outer sepals elliptic, 1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, inner subcircular 1.5–1.8 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. wide, glabrous or slightly pubescent; petals white or greenish yellow, spathulate, 1.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments 1.8 mm. long; staminodes 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2-lobed, pubescent; style 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits yellow or red, of 1–2 mericarps, each subglobose or obovoid, 6–6.5 mm. long, 5 mm. wide, minutely pubescent or glabrous.
Habitat
Dense forest including relict patches, forest fringes, ravine forest, mist forest; (500–)1500–2250(–2400) m.
Distribution
T4 T7

[FZ]

Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrub c. 2·5 m. tall or small tree; branchlets fulvous-tomentose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; petiole up to 7 cm. long, fulvous-tomentose; leaflets subequal or the terminal one c. 11/2 times as long as the lateral ones; petiolules up to 4 mm. long but the lateral leaflets often subsessile; lamina of terminal leaflet 6–10 × 3–4·5 cm., elliptic, drying dark brown above and greyish-green beneath, papyraceous, pubescent to densely pubescent (especially on the nerves) or pilose above and densely pubescent or pilose to subtomentose and minutely glandular and often with tufts of hairs in the axils of the lateral nerves on the under surface, apex acuminate, margin serrate, base cuneate; lateral nerves 8–10 pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 5–13 cm. long, unbranched, densely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in few-flowered subsessile glomerules; pedicels up to 3 mm. long, nearly glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Outer sepals 1·5 × 2–2·5 mm., subreniform, with minutely ciliate margins but otherwise glabrous, inner 1·3 × 1·1 mm., subcircular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1·2 × 0·8 mm., spathulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens with filaments 1–1·5 mm. long; staminodes with filaments 0·8 mm. long in male flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 1·2 mm. long, 2-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5 × 4 mm., broadly ellipsoid, minutely pubescent, 1 or 2 cocci developing.

[FTEA]

Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 2.5–7.5 m. tall; branchlets ferruginous pubescent; older ones purplish brown, ridged, lenticellate, ± glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves trifoliolate; petiole 3–7 cm. long, ferruginous pubescent; leaflets discolorous, drying purplish brown above, elliptic, elliptic-oblong or ± obovate, 3.5–10 cm. long, 1.5–4.5 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, shallowly crenate with upwardly directed teeth at tips of crenae, thin, ± adpressed pilose above, rather sparsely pilose to ± densely pubescent beneath with adpressed white hairs and tufts in the axils of the nerves and also along the nerves at secondary nerve junctions; lateral nerves in 8–10 pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences slender, 5–13 cm. long, unbranched, pubescent; peduncles 4–5 cm. long; cymules 2–3-flowered, subsessile; pedicels 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, cream or pale green; outer sepals 1.3 mm. long, 1.1 mm. wide, inner oblate, 1.5 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, ± glabrous; petals spathulate, 1.2 mm. long, 0.8 mm. wide, long-ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 1–1.5 mm. long in male flowers, 0.8 mm. long in female.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary hairy; style 1.2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit subglobose or ellipsoid, 5–7 mm. long, 4–6 mm. wide, with sparse hairs.
Habitat
‘Amongst granite blocks on west ridge’
Distribution
T7

[FZ]

Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Small tree about 5 m. tall or shrub; branchlets at first greenish, becoming greyish-brown with prominent lenticels, pubescent and tomentellous, glabrescent; leaflets subequal or the terminal one up to twice as long as the lateral ones; petiolules 2–14 mm. long (the lateral leaflets sometimes subsessile); lamina of terminal leaflet up to 18 × 8 cm., elliptic or oblong-elliptic, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, with midrib and lateral nerves pubescent and tomentellous otherwise nearly glabrous when mature except for minute glands on the under surface and occasional tufts of hair in the axils of the lateral nerves on the under surface, apex slightly acuminate with rounded tip, margin remotely crenate-dentate or remotely crenate-serrate, base cuneate; lateral nerves 6–11 pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 16 cm. long, branched or unbranched, minutely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in 1-few-flowered cymules, the latter with rhachis up to 3–6 mm. long; pedicels 2–4 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Outer sepals 2–2·5 × 2 mm., subcircular, inner up to 1·7 × 1 mm., all with minutely ciliolate margins, otherwise glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 1·5–2 × 1–1·3 mm., obovate to clavate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens with filaments 2–3 mm. long; staminodes with filaments 0·5 mm. long in female flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2 mm. long, 2(3)-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit with 2 cocci usually developing, the latter 3–5 × 2–3·5 mm., subglobose to ellipsoid, glabrous or nearly so.

Native to:

Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Allophylus chaunostachys Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1963 Buchanan, J. [363], Malawi K000426122 isotype
Jan 1, 1963 Swynnerton, C.F.M. [1321], Zimbabwe K000426121 Unknown type material
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000426123
Patel, H. [7223], Mozambique K000545184
Harris, T. [558], Malawi K000614633
Harris, T. [539], Malawi K000614619
Patel, H. [7222], Mozambique K000545183
Patel, H. [7255], Mozambique K000545216
Patel, H. [8002], Mozambique K000614332
Jan 1, 1963 Richards, H.M. [12070], Zambia Allophylus richardsiae K000426124

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 349 (1901)

Accepted by

  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Brummitt in Kew Bulletin 31: 166 (1976).
  • Exell & Sousa in Fl. Moçamb. 51: 11 (1973).
  • Exell in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 503, t. 100/6 (1966).
  • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 30: 349 (1901).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 553 (1949).
  • Meikle in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 240 (1953).
  • Radlk. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV, 165: 524 (1932).
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 298, fig. 92/1 (1983).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0