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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Cardiospermum halicacabum L.

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Shuru wina, Topo toropo, Ubasoshi

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 1800 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual climber to 3(–5) m long; young stems sparsely pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves triangular in outline; petiole 0.4–5.5 cm long, pubescent; terminal leaflet ovate, 1.5–6.5 x 0.8–2.5 cm, pilose on nerves, grossly dentate or serrate to pinnatipartite or rarely subentire, acuminate to acute (rarely rounded) and apiculate at the apex, attenuate to rounded at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences corymb-like; peduncle below the tendrils 1.5–10.5 cm long, above 2–12 mm long; flower-bearing part of 3–4 few-flowered raceme-like 1–3 mm long thyrses with peduncles 3–17 mm long; pedicels 1–2(–5 in fruit) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Outer sepals subcircular, c. 1 x 1 mm, inner ovate 2–3 x 1–2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white to yellow, elliptic to obovate, 2–3 x c. 1 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8; filaments c. 2 mm long, pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary c. 2 mm long; style c. 0.5 mm long; stigma c. 0.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit obtetrahedral, 1.2–4 x 1.7–3.7 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 5 mm in diam., with reniform hilum.
Distribution
N1; C1, 2; S1, 2 pantropical.
Ecology
Altitude range 50–1500 m.
Note
Plants with capsules less than 1.8 cm long are sometimes recognized as var. microcarpum (Kunth) Blume. Some of the collections from Somalia approach this variety.

[FZ]

Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Annual straggling minutely puberulous herbaceous or slightly woody climber, sometimes flowering when only 25 cm. tall; stems with internodes 4–7 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves biternate, triangular; petiole (0·5)0·9–3·5 cm. long; rhachis 0·4–2 cm. long; terminal leaflet 2·5–4·5(6) × 0·7–2 cm; lateral leaflets 2·5–4·5(5) × 0·8–2(3·5) cm.; lamina bright green with a paler under surface, only the main veins raised, apex acuminate, margin incised-serrate, base attenuate; stipules 2 minute caducous scales.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a reduced complex axillary corymbose thyrse, abortively 3-flowered; peduncle 4–9 cm. long, very sparsely puberulous, multi-bracteate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white to yellowish, 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals with lateral ones c. 1 mm. long, anterior and posterior ones c. 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5 mm. long, posterior ones bearing recurved clavate appendages provided with hairs which cause the two free ends to cohere.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens with filaments 3 mm. long, free or slightly connate at the base; anthers 0·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary hirsute; style-branches clavate, shortly plumose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 5 mm. in diam., reniform.

[FWTA]

Sapindaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Diagnostic
A slender climber, like the last (Cardiospermum grandiflorum), but with much smaller flowers
Ecology
Extending into drier regions.
Note
In var. microcarpum (Kunth) Blume (see Radlk. l.c. 387) the fruits are 1–2 cm. long, but as so many specimens lack mature fruits the varieties are not separated in the following citation.

[FTEA]

Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbaceous or slightly woody climber, 0.3–3 mm. long; stems deeply grooved, straw-coloured with grooves green.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pale green, stipulate, thin, biternate, triangular in outline, (3–)5–10 cm. long, 5–12 cm. wide, composed of 3 ± equal divisions each of a petiolule and 3 leaflets or deeply trifid leaflet; petiole 0.4–6 cm. long, pubescent; first order petiolules 0.5–3 cm. long, subequal or often the lateral ones somewhat longer than median one; leaflets sessile or with short secondary petiolules, sparsely pubescent when young, later glabrescent except for main nerves, the terminal one ovate, 1.5–6.5 cm. long, 0.8–2.5 cm. wide, acute to acuminate or rarely rounded at the apex, apiculate, attenuate to rounded at the base, serrate to deeply dentate or pinnatipartite, rarely ± entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences corymbose, the rhachis bearing 3–4, 2–5-flowered raceme-like thyrses; peduncle below tendrils 1.5–10.5 cm. long, the part above 0.2–1.2 cm. long; secondary peduncles 0.3–1.7 cm. long; pedicels (0–)1–2 mm. long, lengthening to 5 mm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers said not to be scented; sepals yellow-green, unequal, the outer ± round, 1 mm. diameter, the inner larger and ovate, 2–3 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide; petals white, cream, greenish or yellow, elliptic to obovate, 2–3 mm. long; appendages yellow at tip, hairy; disk of 2 curved elements 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8; filaments ± 2 mm. long, pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ± 2 mm. diameter; style 0.5 mm. long, with yellow stigma equalling it.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit yellow-green turning greenish brown to reddish or dark brown, obtetrahedral, 1–3.5 cm. long, 1.8–4 cm. wide, dehiscing into 3 segments, at first densely puberulous or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, globose, 5 mm. diameter, with a reniform or crescentic hilar area, 3–4 mm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 25/1–4.

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chile Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Albania, Andaman Is., Arkansas, Ascension, Bermuda, Christmas I., Connecticut, Cook Is., Delaware, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., Florida, Georgia, Greece, Illinois, Indiana, Iraq, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Marianas, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Nicobar Is., Niue, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South China Sea, Spain, Tennessee, Texas, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turkey, Vanuatu, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Yugoslavia

English
Balloon vine, Black winter cherry, Heart pea, Heart seed

Cardiospermum halicacabum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2010 Wen [10232], Sulawesi K000576469
Jun 1, 2009 Krispinus [121821], Sabah K000576016
Jun 1, 2009 Krispinus [136060], Sabah K000576017
Feb 1, 2009 Esser, H-J. et al. [98-10], Thailand K000575732
Oct 2, 2006 Sumbing Jimpin [139336], Malaysia K000442113
Jun 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11708], Cameroon K000339721
Aug 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1777], Cameroon K000197939
Edgeworth, M.P. [296] K000701884
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8030], Myanmar K001128793
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8030], India K001128796
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8030], India K001128791
Edgeworth, M.P. [296], Uttar Pradesh K000701883
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8030] K001128788
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8030] K001128786
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8030] K001128789
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8030], India K001128795
Thwaites [846], India K001134490
Drummond, J.R. [21601], India K001134491
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8030] K001128787
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8030], Myanmar K001128794
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8030] K001128792
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8030], India K001128790

First published in Sp. Pl.: 366 (1753)

Accepted by

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Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Bot. 149
  • Radlk. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Sapindac. 379, fig. 8, A–C
  • Schnell in Ic. Pl. Afr. 1: t. 13.
  • —F.T.A. 1: 417

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Barina, Z., Rakaj, m. & Pifkó, D. (2013). Contributions to the flora of Albania, 4 Willdenowia 43: 165-184.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1998). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 12: 1-390. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Flores-Palacios, A., Martínez-Gómez, J.E. & Curry, R.L. (2009). La vegetación de isla Socorro, archipiélago de Revillagigedo, México Boletin de la Sociedad Botanica de México 84: 13-23.
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  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
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  • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2015). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Volumen VIII. Dicotyledóneas (Sabiaceae-Zygophyllaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 131: 1-657. Missouri Botanical Garden.
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  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Ibarra-Manríquez, G. & al. (2015). Lianas of Mexico Botanical Sciences 93: 365-417.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Packer, J.E. (1974). Ascension Handbook. A concise guide to Ascension Island South Atlantic ed. 2 Packer, Georgetown.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • St. John, H. (1988). Census of the Flora of the Gambier islands, Polynesia Pacific Plant Studies 43: 1-34.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2014). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon, ed. 2: 1-610. CNRS Publication.
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  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by I. Friis & K. Vollesen [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

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Universidad Nacional de Colombia

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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Kew Science Photographs
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Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
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