Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 15 m tall; bark smooth, grey to brownish; branchlets brownish strigose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves including petiole 3–25 cm long, subglabrous; petiole 1.5–5 cm long; leaflets in 2–3 pairs, elliptic, 6.5–21(–27) x (2–)3–8(–9) cm, entire, acute to rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences pseudoterminal, of panicles from the upper leaf axils, 5–15(–20) cm long, brownish pubescent; pedicels 1–3(–7 in fruit) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals 5, ovate to subcircular, 2–3.5 x 1.5–3 mm. Petals 5, broadly ovate, c. 2 x 2 mm, yellowish green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8; filaments 2–3 mm long, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1–2 mm long; style 1–2 mm long, semi-gynobasic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1–2-lobed, reddish; cocci ellipsoid, 10–15 x 8–11 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, c. 12 x 9 mm, black.
Distribution
S3 Eritrea, Ethiopia and widespread across Africa to Senegal.
Ecology
Altitude c. 30 m.
Vernacular
Maasar-jabis (Somali).

[FTEA]

Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Monoecious evergreen tree, 6–21 m. tall with heavy crown; bark grey or pale brown, smooth; slash pale orange.
Morphology Leaves
Foliage with petioles etc. and base of midribs crimson when young; leaf-rhachis 0–10 cm. long, including 0–5 cm. long petiole; petiolules 0–1 cm. long; leaflets in 1–3 pairs (sometimes reduced to 1 leaflet), the lowest pair not noticeably reduced, the upper pair opposite, drying greyish green above and paler green beneath, elliptic, 6.5–27 cm. long, 2–10 cm. wide, rounded to acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, glabrous; secondary nerves in 12–20 pairs, ± indistinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence said to be ± unpleasantly scented, often appearing terminal and accompanying a new flush of leaves, paniculate, 5–20 cm. long, 5–15 cm. wide, the branches thyrsoid with both clusters and single flowers; axes at first golden pubescent, elongating in fruit; pedicels 0–3 mm. long, enlarging to 7 mm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower greenish yellow; sepals 5, the outer 2 shorter than the inner, ovate or round, 2–3.5 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. wide, glabrous apart from the white margin; petals 5 (rarely absent), ovate, 2–3 mm. long and wide, clawed, scale half as long as the limb, fringed with hairs; disk pentagonal, 3.6 mm. in diameter, lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5–7, hairy at base, glabrous for most of length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2(–3)-lobed; style entire; ovary rudiment in male flowers a cushion of hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps crimson, 2(–3), developed ones ellipsoid, 1–1.8 cm. long, 0.8–1.5 cm. wide, but 1–2 abortive at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, ± 1.2 cm. long, 9 mm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 17.
Habitat
Evergreen lowland and submontane forest, evergreen forest, often on coral and lava rock; 0–1800 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T8 U1 U2 west tropical Africa, Ethiopia, S. Somalia and Mozambique

[FZ]

Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Medium-sized tree or shrub; bark grey; branchlets fulvous-setulose, soon glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate; petiole 1–5(7) cm. long; leaflets 1–2-jugate; petiolules 3–5 mm. long; leaflet-lamina 10–20 × 4–7 cm., narrowly elliptic, sub-coriaceous, glabrous, apex usually blunt and sometimes shortly acuminate, margin entire, base cuneate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 15 cm. long, paniculate, terminal, fulvous-setulose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with slender pedicels 1–2 mm. long in male flowers and more robust and 5 mm. long in female flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals c. 2·5 × 2 mm., ovate, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, ovate, ciliolate but otherwise glabrous, each with an emarginate pilose scale at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens (6)8; filaments 3–4 mm. long; staminodes 2 mm. long in female flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2 mm. long, subterminal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit reddish-coloured, of 2 cocci (often 1 by abortion); cocci up to 18 × 12 mm., ellipsoid, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 12 mm. long, ovoid, glabrous.

[FWTA]

Sapindaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A forest tree to 55 ft. high, with short bole
Morphology Leaves
Dense drooping foliage
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-white, fragrant
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe fruits red, edible
Ecology
In moist places in the forest regions and especially in fringing forest in the savannah regions.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Philippines, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaïre

Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1969 Griffith [1016], Peninsular Malaysia K000739021 Yes
Jan 1, 1969 Thwaites, G.H.K. [1721], Sri Lanka K000739019 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1969 Harmand, F.F.J. [4125], Cambodia K000701979 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1969 Native Collector [709], Sarawak K000701903 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1969 Thwaites, G.H.K. [1721], Sri Lanka K000739018 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1969 Thwaites, G.H.K. [1721], Sri Lanka K000739020 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1969 Pierre, J.B.L. [7049], Vietnam K000701980 syntype Yes
Jan 1, 1967 Loher, A. [5874], Philippines K000701921 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1967 How, F.C. [70627], Hainan K000701949 Yes
Jan 1, 1967 Pierre, J.B.L. [1293], Vietnam K000701978 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1967 Pierre, J.B.L. [1293], Vietnam K000701977 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1967 Elmer, A.D.E. [7330], Philippines K000701917 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1967 Perrier de la Bâthie, J.M.H.A. [1812], Madagascar K000426188 syntype Yes
Jan 1, 1967 Maingay, A.C. [1529], Peninsular Malaysia K000701997 Yes
Jan 1, 1967 Vidal, S. [727], Philippines K000701923 Yes
Jan 1, 1967 Vidal, S. [726], Philippines K000701922 Yes
Jan 1, 1965 Schomburgk, R. [221], Thailand K000701981 Yes
Jan 1, 1965 Schomburgk, R. [163], Thailand K000701982 Yes
Chipp, T.F. [345], Ghana K000426189 Yes
Maitland, T.D. [186a], Cameroon K000093246 No
Griffith [1012] K000739027 Yes
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000739022 Yes
K000426191 Yes
Wallich, N. [8051] K000739025 Yes
Wallich, N. [8037] K000739024 Yes
Griffith [1012], Bangladesh K000739026 Yes
Griffith [1013] K000739028 Yes
Maitland, T.D. [266], Cameroon K000093244 No
Maitland, T.D. [913], Cameroon K000093245 No
unknown [20064] K000426190 Yes
Tanner, R.E.S. [1094], Tanzania Aphania senegalensis 6479.000 No
Mozambique Aphania senegalensis 6961.000 No
Greenway, P.J. [10,252], Tanzania Aphania senegalensis 729.000 No
Hoyle, A.C. [539], Sudan Aphania senegalensis 9838.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8052] Euphoria verticillata K001128841 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8052] Euphoria verticillata K001128876 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8052] Euphoria verticillata K001128879 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8052] Euphoria verticillata K001128880 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8052] Euphoria verticillata K001128877 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8052] Euphoria verticillata K001128878 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8037] Sapindus attenuatus K001128812 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8037] Sapindus attenuatus K001128811 Yes

First published in Blumea 17: 85 (1969)

Accepted by

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K., Shaw, L.G. & Soepadmo, E. (eds.) (2017). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia Series II: Seed Plants, volume 6 Malayan Forest Records 49: 1-231.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Nielsen, I.C. & al. (1992-1994). Flora Malesiana 11: 1-768. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Tâm, H.M. (2017). Th?c V?t Chí Vi?t Nam. Flora of Vietnam 12: 1-356. Nha` xua^´t ba?n khoa ho?c va` ky~ thua^?t, Ha` No?^i.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K., Shaw, L.G. & Soepadmo, E. (eds.) (2017). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia Series II: Seed Plants, volume 6 Malayan Forest Records 49: 1-231.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nielsen, I.C. & al. (1992-1994). Flora Malesiana 11: 1-768. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by I. Friis & K. Vollesen [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 420, fig (1994).
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 137, t. 217 (1987).
  • Leenh. in Blumea 17: 85 (1969).
  • Leenh. in Fl. Males., ser. 1, 11: 651, fig. 52a (1994).
  • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 504, fig. 125.10 (1990).
  • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 58 (1980).

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

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  • Flora Zambesiaca

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  • Flora of Somalia

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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

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    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0