Lepisanthes senegalensis (Poir.) Leenh.

First published in Blumea 17: 85 (1969)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 15 m tall; bark smooth, grey to brownish; branchlets brownish strigose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves including petiole 3–25 cm long, subglabrous; petiole 1.5–5 cm long; leaflets in 2–3 pairs, elliptic, 6.5–21(–27) x (2–)3–8(–9) cm, entire, acute to rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences pseudoterminal, of panicles from the upper leaf axils, 5–15(–20) cm long, brownish pubescent; pedicels 1–3(–7 in fruit) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals 5, ovate to subcircular, 2–3.5 x 1.5–3 mm. Petals 5, broadly ovate, c. 2 x 2 mm, yellowish green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8; filaments 2–3 mm long, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1–2 mm long; style 1–2 mm long, semi-gynobasic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1–2-lobed, reddish; cocci ellipsoid, 10–15 x 8–11 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, c. 12 x 9 mm, black.
Distribution
S3 Eritrea, Ethiopia and widespread across Africa to Senegal.
Ecology
Altitude c. 30 m.
Vernacular
Maasar-jabis (Somali).
[FSOM]

Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Monoecious evergreen tree, 6–21 m. tall with heavy crown; bark grey or pale brown, smooth; slash pale orange.
Morphology Leaves
Foliage with petioles etc. and base of midribs crimson when young; leaf-rhachis 0–10 cm. long, including 0–5 cm. long petiole; petiolules 0–1 cm. long; leaflets in 1–3 pairs (sometimes reduced to 1 leaflet), the lowest pair not noticeably reduced, the upper pair opposite, drying greyish green above and paler green beneath, elliptic, 6.5–27 cm. long, 2–10 cm. wide, rounded to acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, entire, glabrous; secondary nerves in 12–20 pairs, ± indistinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence said to be ± unpleasantly scented, often appearing terminal and accompanying a new flush of leaves, paniculate, 5–20 cm. long, 5–15 cm. wide, the branches thyrsoid with both clusters and single flowers; axes at first golden pubescent, elongating in fruit; pedicels 0–3 mm. long, enlarging to 7 mm. in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower greenish yellow; sepals 5, the outer 2 shorter than the inner, ovate or round, 2–3.5 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. wide, glabrous apart from the white margin; petals 5 (rarely absent), ovate, 2–3 mm. long and wide, clawed, scale half as long as the limb, fringed with hairs; disk pentagonal, 3.6 mm. in diameter, lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5–7, hairy at base, glabrous for most of length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2(–3)-lobed; style entire; ovary rudiment in male flowers a cushion of hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps crimson, 2(–3), developed ones ellipsoid, 1–1.8 cm. long, 0.8–1.5 cm. wide, but 1–2 abortive at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, ± 1.2 cm. long, 9 mm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 17.
Habitat
Evergreen lowland and submontane forest, evergreen forest, often on coral and lava rock; 0–1800 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T8 U1 U2 west tropical Africa, Ethiopia, S. Somalia and Mozambique
[FTEA]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Medium-sized tree or shrub; bark grey; branchlets fulvous-setulose, soon glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate; petiole 1–5(7) cm. long; leaflets 1–2-jugate; petiolules 3–5 mm. long; leaflet-lamina 10–20 × 4–7 cm., narrowly elliptic, sub-coriaceous, glabrous, apex usually blunt and sometimes shortly acuminate, margin entire, base cuneate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 15 cm. long, paniculate, terminal, fulvous-setulose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with slender pedicels 1–2 mm. long in male flowers and more robust and 5 mm. long in female flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals c. 2·5 × 2 mm., ovate, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, ovate, ciliolate but otherwise glabrous, each with an emarginate pilose scale at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens (6)8; filaments 3–4 mm. long; staminodes 2 mm. long in female flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2 mm. long, subterminal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit reddish-coloured, of 2 cocci (often 1 by abortion); cocci up to 18 × 12 mm., ellipsoid, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 12 mm. long, ovoid, glabrous.
[FZ]

Sapindaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A forest tree to 55 ft. high, with short bole
Morphology Leaves
Dense drooping foliage
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-white, fragrant
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe fruits red, edible
Ecology
In moist places in the forest regions and especially in fringing forest in the savannah regions.
[FWTA]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0