Sapindus trifoliatus L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar.

[FTEA]

Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 25 m.; branchlets purplish brown, lenticellate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 15–25(–35) cm. long; leaflets subopposite, in (1–)3(–4) pairs, elliptic-oblong to elliptic-lanceolate or obovate, (5–)10–20 cm. long, (3–)5.5–11 cm. wide, emarginate to ± acuminate at the apex, acute to truncate or rounded at the base, glabrous save for some pubescence on midrib above and beneath; lateral nerves in 8–15 pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicles 6–15 cm. long, with spreading branches, velvety brown-pubescent; sepals elliptic, 4 mm. long, silky tomentellous outside; petals narrowly rhomboid, 4 mm. long, the dorsal surface densely long-white-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary pubescent; disk hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit brown, 1.6–2.2 cm. wide, with (1–)3 subglobose hairy lobes.
Figures
Fig. 23/4.
Habitat
Probably not naturalised anywhere; ± 0–1200 m.
Distribution
K7 T6 T8 U3 native of India now widely cultivated

Native to:

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka

Introduced into:

Kenya, Rodrigues, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda

Sapindus trifoliatus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 1, 2009 Middleton, D.J. et al. [1525], Thailand K000575726 No
Keay, R.W.J. [28667], Cameroon K000093227 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8038] Sapindus laurifolius K001128813 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8038] Sapindus laurifolius K001128814 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 367 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 69: 79-1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1998). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 12: 1-390. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nasi, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds) (1973). Sapindaceae Flora of West Pakistan 39: 1-10.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 69: 79-1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1998). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 12: 1-390. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Burkill, Dict. Econ. Prod. Malay Pen.: 1959 (1935).
  • Dale, Introd. Trees Uganda: 64 (1953).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 561 (1949).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 367 (1753), as ‘ trifoliata ’.
  • Radlk. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV, 165: 656 (1932).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0