Manilkara discolor (Sond.) J.H.Hemsl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

[FZ]

Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Tree 3–40 m. high; bole of larger specimens shallowly fluted near the base; slash pink; bark brown or blackish grey, longitudinally fissured.
Morphology Stem
Young stems glabrous to densely greyish–pubescent but soon glabrescent.
Morphology Twigs
Twigs with granular grey bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves tending to be clustered at branch ends. Lamina 3·5–7(13) x 1·5–5 cm., elliptic–obovate to obovate, apex emarginate, acute or apiculate, base acute; petiole 6–18 mm. long. Upper leaf surface glabrous, dark green, midrib impressed, very fine reticulation visible but veins not raised or impressed. Lower surface silvery–sericeous with a dense appressed indumentum, midrib prominent, main lateral nerves faintly visible, numerous, reticulation obscured by indumentum.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow, in axillary fascicles on pedicels 3–6 mm. long. Form of flowers variable (see J. H. Hemsley, tom. cit.: 500–510, 1966); normal form as follows.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx c. 4 mm. long, sepals ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla equalling calyx, tube c. 1 mm. long; each petal 3–lobed, the median segment obovate, tapering to a slender basal attachment, the lateral segments elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 12 in 2 whorls; anthers c. 1·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Gynoecium c. 3 mm. long.
Note
Other flower forms: corolla simpler, petals entire (lateral segments absent) or trifid, or lateral segments present but united to near the apex; stamens all, or only the inner whorl, replaced by staminodes, these filament–like or represented by dentate flaps of tissue. (Flowers with a reduced androecium, i.e. less than 12 stamens, have a reduced corolla.)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit up to 1–3 x 0–8 cm., ovoid or ellipsoid, initially puberulous, glabrescent and yellow when ripe, edible, 1 (2)–seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds up to 1 cm. long.

[FTEA]

Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Small to medium tree, height up to 30 m., with rough dark grey or blackish bark.
Morphology General Buds
Terminal buds, young shoots and petioles glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 0.5–1.7 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina oblong-elliptic to oblong-obovate, up to 9.5(–11) cm. long, 4.5(–5.3) cm. wide, apex rounded and slightly emarginate or rarely shortly acuminate, broadly to narrowly cuneate, coriaceous; upper surface deep green with reticulum of very fine veins, lower surface silvery-grey with dense indumentum of minute closely appressed regularly arranged hairs sometimes brownish on midrib and main nerves or midrib glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, usually in clusters of 4–6 in axils of current leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 3–10 mm. long, with brown pubescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes connate near base; outer lobes ovate or ovate-oblong, 4.5–6 mm. long, 3–3.7 mm. wide, with brown pubescence externally; inner lobes slightly smaller and with less pubescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow; tube ±1.5 mm. long; lobes trifid, or entire in ♀ flowers; two outer segments ± lanceolate, up to 4 mm. long; median segment ± elliptic, up to 5 mm. long, tapering to narrow basal attachment.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Fertile stamens 6–12; filaments up to 3.5 mm. long; anthers up to 2.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes truncate or subulate, ± 1 mm. long, or sometimes filament-like and then up to 3.5 mm. long, irregularly denticulate or with few long teeth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary depressed globose, pilose; style up to 4 mm. long; stigma simple or sometimes 6-papillate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ovoid or ± ellipsoid, up to 1.3 cm. long, 0.8 cm. in diameter, puberulous when young but becoming glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds solitary or rarely two present, obliquely ovoid and slightly flattened, up to 10 mm. long, 6 mm. in diameter; hilum lateral, oblique and extending to base.
Figures
Fig. 13, p. 71.
Habitat
Lowland and upland dry evergreen forest and well-drained sites in upland rain-forest; 400–2100 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 K6 T3 T7 T8 southwards to Mozambique, Malawi, Rhodesia and Natal Province of South Africa

Native to:

Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Manilkara discolor (Sond.) J.H.Hemsl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 1956 Wood, J.M. [1134], South Africa K000901129 Yes
Buchanan, J. [684], Malawi K000901118 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 2016 Gerrard [1661], South Africa Labourdonnaisia sericea K000874374 lectotype Yes
Jan 1, 2016 Gerrard [1661], South Africa Labourdonnaisia sericea K000874372 isolectotype Yes
Guerinzins [s.n.], South Africa Labourdonnaisia sericea K000874373 Yes

First published in Kew Bull. 20: 510 (1966)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 526 (1961).
  • J. H. Hemsl. in Kew Bulletin 20: 510 (1966).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0