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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Sapotaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A tree up to 80 ft. high, stem up to 4 ft. diam., frequently only as a shrub
Note
Old trees often resembling poplars
Ecology
Along lagoons and streams in small groups.

[FTEA]

Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Medium-sized to tall tree with long clean and slightly fluted bole and buttressed base, height up to 35 m.; bark pale grey to dark brownish-grey, fissured and rough.
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets (from crown) deep purplish-brown with pale lenticels, glabrous. Scars of fallen leaves prominent, sometimes raised and peg-like.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petioles 5–18 mm. long, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina thinly to thickly coriaceous, obovate (rarely obovate-oblong), 3–10(–17) cm. long, l.6–5.5(–7.2) cm. wide, apex rounded or emarginate, rarely subacute, cuneate; upper surface fresh green, glabrous, lower surface paler, drying to a brownish-grey, appearing glabrescent; primary lateral nerves raised, arcuate, very fine and hairlike. Leaves clustered towards apices of branchlets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers fascicled in axils of older or fallen leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 4–10 mm. long, with appressed brownish hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes slightly connate at base; outer lobes ± ovate to ovate-oblong, up to 6 mm. long and 3.5 mm. wide, with brownish pubescence externally; inner lobes slightly narrower and with little pubescence externally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white; tube ±1.5 mm. long; lobes trifid; outer segments linear-lanceolate, up to 5 mm. long; median segment narrowly elliptic, up to 4.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments up to 3.5 mm. long, flattened; anthers up to 2.5 mm. long; staminodes oblong to ± linear, irregularly laciniate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary subglobose, densely pilose, 9–11-locular; style up to 6 mm. long; stigma minutely papillate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits incompletely known, yellow when ripe, said to be edible, obovoid to subglobose, up to 2.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Mature seed not known.
Note
The species as here accepted is widespread and includes a number of smaller geographical segregates. Characters such as degree of laciniation and number of segments of staminodes, and minor differences in leaf-size, which previously have been used to distinguish species, have proved impossible to work within the range of material now available. The tree yields a useful timber, known as Nkunya in Uganda, which is very hard and durable in the ground (see Uganda For. Dept. Timber Leaflet No. 3). A single sterile gathering from the E. Usambara Mts. may possibly extend the species range into E. Tanganyika (see under imperfectly known species No. 1, page 73).
Habitat
Lowland rain-forest, riverine forest and swamp-forests of the SW. shores of Lake Victoria, commonly found as a co-dominant canopy tree in the latter with Podocarpus usambarensis var. dawei, P. milanjianus and Baikiaea insignis subsp. minor; 1100–1300 m.
Distribution
T1 U4 extends from Sierra Leone in the west, through Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana and Dahomey, Nigeria, Cameroun Republic, Gabon and Congo Republic to Zambia and Angola

[FZ]

Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers c. 1·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes c. 3 mm. long, oblong in outline, the apex irregularly laciniate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Gynoecium up to 8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit up to 2–5 cm. long, obovoid to subglobose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed c. 1 cm. long.
Morphology General Habit
Tree up to 14 m. or more.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves coriaceous, exstipulate or with subulate stipules soon falling, not clustered at ends of branches. Leaf lamina 7–14 x 2·–5–7 cm., obovate to oblong, the apex obtuse to cuspidate–acuminate, the base cuspidate; petiole 1–4 cm. long. Upper leaf surface glabrous; midrib slightly impressed, vein reticulation very fine. Lower surface with dense appressed indumentum of minute hairs giving a silvery sheen; midrib prominent, lateral nerves inconspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers clustered in leaf axils, with pedicels c. 1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx c. 5 mm. long, sepals ± elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla c. 6 mm. long, with tube c. 1·5 mm. long, white to creamy yellow; median segments c. 4 mm. long, narrowly elliptic, lateral segments a little shorter, narrowly triangular.

[FWTA]

Sapotaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A fairly large tree, often branched from the base and stem, shrub-like, up to 40 ft. high, in habit
Note
Much resembling Mimusops kummel Bruce ex A. DC. and the following species
Morphology Leaves
The leaves without stipules, more or less crowded towards the end of branchlets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Clustered white or brown flowers amongst them
Ecology
In gallery forest.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Manilkara obovata (Sabine & G.Don) J.H.Hemsl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2006 Chevalier, A.J.B. [344], Sudan K000883666 isotype
Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [508], Cameroon K000746050
Mar 1, 1959 Bagshawe, A.W.G. [76], Uganda K000883671 isotype
Jan 1, 1959 s.coll. [1270], Nigeria K000901133 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1959 Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30408], Cameroon K000027930
Jan 1, 1959 Mann, G. [489], Nigeria K000901128 isolectotype
Jan 1, 1959 Chevalier, A. [16254], Côte d'Ivoire K000901130
Schweinfurth, G.A. [1378], Sudan K000883667 isotype
Rowland [s.n.], Nigeria K000901127
s.coll. [4836] K000901116 isotype
Smith, C. [s.n.], Congo K000901135 holotype
Chevalier, A. [24192], Benin K000901132 isotype
Andrews, F.W. [1588], Sudan Manilkara schweinfurthii 2517.000
s.coll. [4814] Manilkara welwitschii K000901117 isotype
Jan 1, 1959 s.coll. [1123], Nigeria Manilkara multinervis K000901131 holotype
Brenan, J.P.M. [8638], Nigeria Manilkara multinervis 2511.000

First published in Kew Bull. 17: 171 (1963)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in Kew Bull. 17: 171 (1963),

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Heine in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 20 (1963).
  • J. H. Hemsl. in Kew Bulletin 17: 171 (1963).
  • J. H. Hemsl. in Kew Bulletin 20: 468 (1966).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0