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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Apocynaceae, H. Huber. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A glabrous tree, frequently about 30 ft. high but sometimes up to 100 ft.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
The flowers in axillary clusters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla fleshy, yellowish- to greenish-white or orange.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Tree 8–30 m high; latex not easily coagulating; trunk up to 50 cm in diameter; branchlets glabrous or minutely pubescent; bark smooth, sometimes with a few orbicular lenticles, greenish brown to grey, mottled; wood light, soft.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade ovate or elliptic, 5–32 cm long, 1.7–17 cm wide, base cuneate, apex shortly acuminate, often puberulous on midrib; domatia if present of a tuft of straight hairs; petiole 3–15 mm long, glabrous or minutely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 2–2.5 cm long, 3–40-flowered; bracts 0.9–2 mm long, obtuse or acute; pedicels 3–15 mm long, glabrous or puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with sepals triangular to broadly ovate, 1.5–4 mm long, with 5–50 colleters in a single flower; corolla tube very pale green to creamy, 5.8–10 mm long, glabrous to puberulous outside; lobes creamy, obliquely ovate to narrowly oblong, sometimes auriculate, 5–17 mm long, 2–5 mm wide, obtuse or acute at the apex; disk 5-lobed; pistil 4–7 mm long; ovary pubescent at the apex; style 1.2–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits grey-brown, fusiform, 8.4–32 cm long, 1.4–2 cm in diameter; seed 3.5–7.5 cm long, 0.2–0.6 cm wide, coma 1.6–6 cm long; glabrous basal portion of beak 0.1–1.1 cm, hairs 3.2–9 cm long.
Figures
Fig. 29 (p. 87).
Habitat
Moist forest, riverine or swamp forest; 30–1600 m
Distribution
K3 K5 K7 P T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4 Z tropical Africa from Senegal to Congo (Kinshasa) to Angola and S to Zimbabwe and Mozambique

[FZ]

Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg and F. K. Kupicha et al.. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Tree or shrub, up to 30 m. high.
Morphology Trunk
Trunk up to 50 cm. in diam.; branchlets glabrous or minutely pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; petiole 0·3–1·5 cm. long, glabrous or minutely pubescent; lamina subcoriaceous to coriaceous, 1·5–4 times as long as wide, 5–32 x 1·7–17 cm., often puberulous on the midrib; secondary veins 6–13, mostly parallel; domatia consisting of a tuft of straight hairs, varying in density, sometimes absent; margin slightly undulate and somewhat revolute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 3–40-flowered, 2–2·5 x 1·5–4·5 x 1·5–4·5 cm.; pedicels 3–15 mm. long, glabrous or puberulous; bracts obtuse or acute, 0·9–2 mm. long with colleters in the axils.
Morphology General Buds
Mature buds cylindrical to slightly conical, 8·5–22 mm. long, obtuse to subacute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals triangular to broadly ovate, l·5–4x 1·8–3 mm., glabrous or puberulous outside; colleters, 5–50 varying in both shape and size, even in a single flower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube very pale green to creamy, almost cylindrical, ventricose at 2/5–4/5 from the base, 1·7–5 times as long as the calyx, 5·8–10 x 2·5–5 mm., glabrous to puberulous outside; lobes creamy, recurved, 0·5–1·6 times as long as the tube, obliquely ovate to narrowly oblong, 1–5·5 times as long as wide, 5–15 x 2–5 mm., obtuse or acute, glabrous to puberulous on both sides, sometimes pubescent inside near the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1·1–4·5 x 0·6—1·5 mm., inserted at 2/5–4/5 from the base of the tube; anthers 1–4·5 x 0·6–1·5 mm. with a 1·1–2·2 mm. long fertile portion; connective dorsally appressed pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistil 4–7 mm. long; ovary almost cylindrical to subglobose, 1·2–2 x 0·9–2 mm., pubescent at the apex, style 1·2–3 x 0·2–0·35 mm., glabrous or with a few erect hairs; clavuncula and stigma 0·9–2·4 x 0·3–1·1 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 5-lobed; lobes 0·4–1·6 mm. long, shorter than or rarely as long as the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a follicle 8·4–32 cm. long, almost fusiform, 1·4–5·1 cm. in circumference and with the flat adaxial side 0·6–3·6 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 3·5–-7·5 x 0·2–0·6 cm.; rostrum 1·6–6 cm. long with 3·2–-9 cm. long hairs.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Trinidad-Tobago

Funtumia africana (Benth.) Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 2006 Onana, J.-M. [2886], Cameroon K000339989
Nov 1, 2003 Thomas, D.W. [5926], Cameroon K000028254
Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, D.W. [5234], Cameroon K000028250
Jan 1, 1985 Thomas, D.W. [4251], Cameroon K000028251
Jan 1, 1980 Johnson [50], Mozambique K000233945
Jan 1, 1980 Johnson [50], Mozambique K000233944
Jan 1, 1980 Scheffler [176], Tanzania K000233946
Jan 1, 1980 Gillet, J. [387], Congo, DRC K000233947 isotype
Jan 1, 1980 Gillet, J. [387], Congo, DRC K000233948
Jan 1, 1980 Klaine, R.P. [662], Gabon K000233949
Jan 1, 1980 Johnson, W.H. [434], Ghana K000233953
Jan 1, 1980 Jolly [169], Ivory Coast K000233954
Jan 1, 1980 Kalbreyer [82], Nigeria K000233955
Jan 1, 1980 Mann [817], Sierra Leone K000233956 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1980 Maitland, T.D. [319], Cameroon K000028255
Dec 1, 1967 Baldwin, J.T. [13823], Cameroon K000028252
Brenan, J.P.M. [8532], Nigeria 11360.000
Zenker, G.A. [2280a], Cameroon K000233950 Unknown type material
Mann [817], Sierra Leone K000233957
Timberlake, J. [4909], Mozambique K000545259
Timberlake, J. [4913], Mozambique K000545263
Preuss, P.R. [1382], Cameroon K000028253
Timberlake, J. [5385], Mozambique K000614378
Christenhuiz, M.J.M. [s.n.], Tanzania K000696683

First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 27: t. 2696 (1901)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv. ed. 2, 3: 200.
  • F.T.A. 4, 1: 190
  • in Hook. Ic. Pl. 27: tt. 2696-7 (1901)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 479, ill. (1994).
  • Hamilton, Field Guide Uganda For. Trees: 164 (1981).
  • Huber in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 74 (1963).
  • Stapf in Hook. Ic. Pl. 7, 4: 2696, 2697 (1901).
  • Stapf in Proc. Linn. Soc. 7: 2, 3 (1899)
  • Zwetsloot in Flora Zambesiaca 7, 2: 485, t. 115 (1985).
  • Zwetsloot in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool 81 (16): 16, t. 3, photo 4, 6, 7, 8 (1981)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0