Holarrhena pubescens Wall. ex G.Don

First published in Gen. Hist. 4: 78 (1837)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Kenya to S. Africa, Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Distribution

Doubtfully present in:

Malaya

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Kenya, Laos, Malawi, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

China Southeast, Hainan, Mauritius, Taiwan

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Humphreys, A.M., Govaerts, R., Ficinski, S.Z., Nic Lughadha, E. & Vorontsova, M.S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047.
  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Middleton, D.J. (2007). Apocynaceae (subfamilies Rauvolfioideae and Apocynoideae). Flora Malesiana 18: 1-474. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Middleton, D.J. (2011). Flora of peninsular Malaysia, II, 2: 1-235. Institut Penyelidikan Perhutanan Malaysia.
  • Middleton, D.J. (2014). Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viêt-Nam 33: 1-276. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Nasir, Y. (1991). Threatened plants of Pakistan. Plant life of South Asia: 229-234.
  • Rajbhandari, K.R., Rai, S.K. & Chhetri, R. (2022). A Handbook of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 4: 1-522. Department of Plant Resources, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi. Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Middleton, D.J. (2007). Apocynaceae (subfamilies Rauvolfioideae and Apocynoideae). Flora Malesiana 18: 1-474. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 480, ill., map (1994).
  • Codd in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 263 (1963).
  • G. Don, Gen. Syst.: 78 (1837).
  • de Kruif in Flora Zambesiaca 7, 2: 456 (1985).
  • de Kruif in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool 81 (2): 17, t. 5 (1981)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2018 Monyrak, M. [104] Cambodia K001325013 No
Jan 1, 2007 Festo, L.; Luke, Q.; Luke, P. [2776] Kenya K000197463 No
Jan 1, 1980 s.coll. [1672] K000857440 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Fischer [378] Tanzania K000233824 Lectotype Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Wight, R. [s.n.] Malaysia K000857434 Isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Wight, R. [s.n.] Malaysia K000857433 Holotype Yes
Ridley, H.N. [14982] Malaysia K000857435 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1926 s.coll. [107] India Holarrhena antidysenterica K000857439 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [21523] Thailand Holarrhena antidysenterica K000857429 Paratype Yes
Marcan, A. [951] Thailand Holarrhena antidysenterica K000857427 Type Yes
Rahman, M.A.; et al. [11655a] Bangladesh Holarrhena antidysenterica K001639156 Yes
Spire, C.J. [34] Laos Holarrhena antidysenterica K000857428 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [1673] Nepal Holarrhena antidysenterica K000857438 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [21523] Thailand Holarrhena antidysenterica K000857430 Type Yes
Tanner, R. [323] Tanzania Holarrhena febrifuga K:SPC-05084.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113777 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113776 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113775 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113773 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113779 Unknown Type Material Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113771 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 1672] Bangladesh Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113781 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113782 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113780 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001114090 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113783 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113774 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113778 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1672] India Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113772 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113784 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1672] Holarrhena antidysenterica K001113785 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images