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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Tibet to Assam.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[KBu]

Häkkinen, M. & Väre, H. 2009. Typification of Musa mannii, M. sanguinea and M. x kewensis (Musaceae). Kew Bulletin 64: 559. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-009-9145-z

Conservation
This taxon is very common and its status is assessed as Least Concern (LC) (IUCN 2001).
Morphology General Buds
Male bud lanceolate, 8 – 10 × 2.8 – 3 cm, bracts bright red on both sides, no imbrications, not waxy, lifting 1 – 2 bracts at a time, revolute before falling; male flowers 2 – 3 per bract in 1 row, falling with the bract, compound tepal 3.6 – 3.8 cm long, yellow in colour with 5-toothed orange apex, the central lobes smaller than the outer lobes, free tepal as long as compound tepal, translucent white, oblong, with a short orange acumen, stamens 5, cream, pale yellow style with inserted light green stigma, anthers at the same level, stigma inserted, ovary straight, pale yellow, without pigmentation Female bud lanceolate, 13 – 15 × 3.8 – 4 cm, bracts bright red on both sides, no imbrications, not waxy, lifting several bracts at a time, revolute; basal flowers hermaphrodite, 2 – 3 per bract, 3 – 5 hands, ovary light green 2.5 – 3 cm long, arrangements of ovules in two rows per locule; compound tepal 3.8 – 4 cm long, orange-yellow in colour with 5-toothed orange apex, free tepal as long as compound tepal, translucent white, obtuse, truncate apex, stamens 5, dark brown to black
Morphology General Habit
Plant slender, suckering freely, close to parent plant, 4 – 5 suckers, position vertical; mature pseudostem 1 – 1.2 m high and 4 – 5 cm in diam. at base, in appearance varying with amounts of dead brown sheaths, underlying colour light green with large black blotches, shiny, sap watery
Morphology Leaves
Leaf habit erect, lamina 75 – 85 × 25 – 30 cm, oblong, truncate at the apex, colour of upper surface bright green and lower surface medium green, corrugated, appearance shiny, no wax on either surface, leaf bases asymmetric, both sides rounded, midrib dorsally medium green and ventrally purple, with corrugated lamina
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 30 – 40 cm long, brown, petiole canal open with margins spreading, petiole bases heavily corrugated and not clasping the pseudostem with sparse black blotches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit bunch lax, with 3 – 5 hands and 2 – 3 fruits per hand on average, in 1 row, fingers perpendicular to the stalk, individual fruit to 6.5 – 7 cm long, straight, angular, immature fruit peel colour light green, becoming pale yellow variegated with red at maturity; seeds black, irregularly depressed, to 3 – 4 mm in diameter, 40 – 50 seeds per fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, peduncle 10 – 12 cm long and 2 cm in diameter, velvety with short hairs, red in colour, sterile red bract one, bracts persistent at the opening of the first female flowers
Note
Musa sanguinea Hook. f. was discovered in 1869 by Mann, in the Mahuni forests on the banks of the BooreeDeling River in Upper Assam, India (Hooker 1872). Hooker (1872) diagnosed it from a flowering plant at Kew Gardens in January 1872 and provided an illustration, t. 5975, which is designated here as the lectotype. After the illustration was drawn, parts of the inflorescence and fruits were preserved in liquid (K 32103.000!). This specimen includes a label which indicates that the seeds were collected in Assam.
Type
Icon in Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 98: t. 5975 (1872). (lectotype, designated here).

Native to:

Assam, East Himalaya, Tibet

Introduced into:

Bangladesh, Myanmar

Musa sanguinea Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
India 32103.000
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000906572

First published in Bot. Mag. 98: t. 5975 (1872)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Häkkinen, M. & Väre, H. (2008). Typification and check-list of Musa L. names (Musaceae) with nomenclatural notes Adansonia, III, 30: 63-112.
  • Häkkinen, M. (2005). Ornamental bananas: notes on the section Rhodochlamys (Musaceae) Folia Malaysiana 6: 49-72.
  • Liu, A.Z., Li, D.Z. & Li, X.W. (2002). Taxonomic notes on wild bananas (Musa) from China Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica 43: 77-81.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Anonymous (1894). Species and principal varieties of Musa. Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew 1894: 229 – 314.
  • Baker, J. G. (1892). Scitamineae. In: J. D. Hooker (ed.), Flora of British India 6: 225 – 264. L. Reeve, London.
  • Burkill, I. H. (1925). Records of the botanical survey of India 10. Central Publication Branch, Calcutta.
  • Champion, J. (1967). Notes et Documents sur les Bananiers et leur Culture. Tome 1, Botanique et Génétique des Bananiers. InstitutFrançaise de RecherchesFruitièresOutre-Mer (I.F.A.C.). Éditions SETCO, Paris.
  • Cheesman, E. E. (1931). A note on Musa ornata. Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew 1931: 297 – 299.
  • Fawcett, W. (1913). The banana: its cultivation, distribution and commercial uses. Duckworth & Co., London.
  • Hooker, J. D. (1872). Musa sanguinea. Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 98: t. 5975.
  • Hore, D. K., Sharma, B. D. & Pandey, G. (1992). Status of banana in North-East India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 16: 447 – 455.
  • Häkkinen, M. (2003). Taxonomic history and identity of Musa rubra Wall. ex Kurz. Philipp. Agric. Scientist 86: 92 – 98.
  • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Version 3.1. Prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK.
  • Liu, A.-Z., Li, D.-Z. & Li, X.-W. (2002). Taxonomic notes on wild bananas (Musa) from China. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 43: 77 – 81.
  • Moore, H. E. (1957). Musa and Ensete. The Cultivated Bananas. Baileya 5 (1): 167 – 194.
  • Pucci, A. (1906). Il genere Musa. Boll. Reale Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 1906: 296 – 301.
  • Sagot P. (1887). Sur le Genre Bananier. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 34: 328 – 330.
  • Schumann, K. (1900). Das Pflanzenreich IV. 45 (1. Heft) Musaceae. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.
  • Shepherd, K. (1999). Cytogenetics of the genus Musa, p. 88. INIBAP, Montpellier, France.
  • Simmonds, N. W. (1960). Notes on banana taxonomy. Kew Bull. 14: 198 – 212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Singh, H. P., Uma, S. & Sathiamoorthy, S. (2001). A tentative key for identification and classification of Indian bananas. National Research Centre for Banana, Tiruchirapalli, India.
  • Stafleu, F. A. & Cowan, R. S. (1976). Taxonomic literature 1. A – G, ed. 2. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht.
  • Uma, S., Saraswathi, M. S., Durai, P. & Sathiamoorthy, S. (2006). Diversity and distribution of the section Rhodochlamys (genus Musa, Musaceae) in India and breeding potential for banana improvement programmes. Pl. Genet. Resources Newslett. 146: 17 – 23.
  • Wildeman, M. E. de (1912). Les babaniers culture, exploitation, commerce, systématique du genere Musa. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Marseille 2nd ser. 10: 286 – 362.
  • ____ & Sharrock, S. (2002). Diversity in the genus Musa — focus on Rhodochlamys. INIBAP Annual Report 2001, pp. 16 – 23. International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain, Montpellier, France.
  • ____ & Väre, H, (2008a). A taxonomic revision of Musa aurantiaca (Musaceae) in Southeast Asia. J. Syst. Evol. 46 (1): 89 – 92.
  • ____ & Weatherup, S. T. C. (1990). Numerical taxonomy of the wild bananas. New Phytol. 115: 567 – 571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • ____ & ____ (2008b). Taxonomic history and identity of Musa dasycarpa, M. velutina and M. assamica (Musaceae). J. Syst. Evol. 46 (2): 230 – 235.
  • ____ & ____ (2008c). Typification and check-list of Musa L. names (Musaceae) with nomenclatural notes. Adansonia 30 (1): 63 – 112.
  • ____ (1893). A synopsis of the genera and species of Museae. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 7: 189 – 229.
  • ____ (1893). Musa mannii. Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 119: t. 7311.
  • ____ (1895). New or noteworthy plants. Gard. Chron. 18: 516.
  • ____ (1947). Classification of the bananas. II. The genus Musa L. Kew Bull. 2: 106 – 117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • ____ (1949). Classification of the bananas. III. Critical Notes on Species. Kew Bull. 4: 133 – 139.
  • ____ (1962). The evolution of bananas. Longmans, UK.
  • ____ (2005). Ornamental bananas: Notes on the section Rhodochlamys (Musaceae). Folia Malaysiana 6: 49 – 72.
  • ____ (2006). A taxonomic revision of Musa rosea (Musaceae) in Southeast Asia. Novon 16 (4): 492 – 496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • ____ (2007). Ornamental Bananas: Focus on Rhodochlamys. Chron. Hort. 47 (2): 7 – 12.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Häkkinen, M. (2005). Ornamental bananas: notes on the section Rhodochlamys (Musaceae) Folia Malaysiana 6: 49-72.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0