Anticharis senegalensis (Walp.) Bhandari

First published in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 6: 327 (1965)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Cape Verde, Sahara to Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula, S. Pakistan to NW. India. It is a annual and grows primarly in the desert or dry shrubland biome(s).

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, much branched, glandular-pubescent, up to c. 50 cm high, usually blue-black when dry
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear to narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, up to 5 x 0.4 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels up to c. 2 cm long, with bracteoles usually inserted above the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue to pale mauve
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers ciliate, basal lobes acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, acuminate or beaked, about twice as long as the calyx.
Distribution
N1 south to south-central Africa
Ecology
Altitude up to 1500 m.
Vernacular
Dia tiri, eba roah (Somali)
[FSOM]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Senegal, Leprieur s.n. (K!, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Erect annual, 7–33 cm high, drying blue-black, almost simple or more usually profusely branched, glandular-pubescent throughout.
Morphology Roots
Root simple
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear, 1–3.5 cm long, ± 2 mm wide, sessile, base attenuate, apex acute, margins entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers blue with white throat, solitary; pedicels 8–12 mm long, with a pair of subulate bracteoles 1–2 mm long, inserted well above the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx deeply divided, lobes ± 3 mm long, joined only at the base, linear
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube 8–10 mm long; lobes blue with darker veins, ± 2 mm long, rounded at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers free or ± cohering, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style as long as the corolla tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma slightly bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, 7–8 mm long, acutely beaked, dehiscing into 4 segments, minutely pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong, 1 mm long, longitudinally ridged, minutely striated
Figures
Fig 2, p 11
Ecology
In semi-desert, an ephemeral; 200–1200 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Distribution
Range: Extending across the southern Sahara to furthest West Africa, and in the drier parts of South West Africa, Arabia and India Flora districts: K1 K2 K3 K6 K7 T2
[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Erect, much-branched herb up to 50 cm. tall, glandular-pubescent throughout.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 40 x 0.5–1.5(3.5) mm., sessile, linear to narrowly lanceolate, acute apex, base attenuate, occasionally glabrescent with age.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 6–18 mm. long, finely filamentous; bracteoles 0.6–1.5 mm. long, opposite or subopposite, fine, subulate, usually in upper 5 of pedicel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3–4 mm. long, lobes joined only at base, narrowly lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale mauve, about 10 mm. long, tube funnel-shaped, narrowed at base, wider above; lobes subequal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style shorter than corolla tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 6–8.5 mm. long, 4 mm. broad, pale brown, strongly reticulate.
[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Erect much-branched herb, woody below, up to 1 ft. or more high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink or purplish
Ecology
In semi-desert.
[FWTA]

Uses

Use
None recorded on specimens from our area
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0