Craterostigma smithii S.Moore

First published in J. Bot. 38: 461 (1900)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Ethiopia to NW. Tanzania. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Somalia, Jara, Oct. 1899, Smith s.n. (BM!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Small rosette perennial herb up to 10 cm, often forming mats.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome horizontal with orange roots
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate, 2–4 cm long, 1–2 cm wide, base gradually tapering, apex acute to obtuse, margins entire, strongly 5–7-veined, densely pubescent beneath, glabrous above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence capitate or nearly so
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle (2–)3–6(–8) cm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts broadly ovate, ± overlapping, 5–10 mm long, 3–5 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers almost sessile or pedicels up to 1 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–5 mm long, lobes acute, 5-angled, pubescent on angles (veins)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla edged white with deep blue patch on each of lower lobes, yellow in throat, ± 13 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule included in calyx.
Ecology
Sandy soil over rock, saturated in the rains; 1100–2000 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Distribution
Flora districts: K1 K3 K4 T1 Range: Rwanda, Ethiopia, Somalia, Angola
[FTEA]

Uses

Use
None recorded on specimens from our area
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0