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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China.
Lindernia parviflora (Roxb.) Haines

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: India, Roxb., Corom. P1. 3: 3, t. 204 (1819)
Morphology General Habit
Erect, decumbent or ascending annual, 5–15(–25) cm tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems usually diffusely branched, glabrous to rarely slightly pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 2–5(–16) mm long, 1–5(–8) mm wide, apex acute or obtuse, margins entire, or larger leaves occasionally minutely, shallowly dentate, 1–3(–5)-veined; petiole 0–2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary or in terminal racemes, slender; pedicels (5–)7–12 mm long in flower, extending in fruit to 9–17(–25) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx (1–)2–4 mm long, glabrous or with few glandular hairs (e.g Kibuwa 2450 from Kenya), divided almost to base; lobes lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, up to 0.5 mm wide, acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or pale blue, with darker blue or purple markings especially towards base, 4–7(–12) mm long, upper lip emarginate to shallowly bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Fertile stamens 2; filaments 0.4–1 mm long; staminodes two, 0.2–0.5 mm long, slender, clavate at apex occasionally with short spur ± 0.7 mm long just below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obovoid or broadly cylindric-ellipsoid to subglobose, 1.5–4.5(–6) mm long, 1–2 mm broad, usually slightly longer than calyx
Figures
Fig 25, p 84
Ecology
Sandy or muddy river or streambanks in flood plain areas, wet areas around and in ephemeral pools on rocky outcrops, muddy margins of seasonal or permanent pools or pans, rice fields; 1500–2000 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Distribution
Range: West Africa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam Flora districts: U2 U3 U 4 ; K1 K3 K4 K7 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T 8ZP

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Erect, decumbent or ascending annual, 5–15(25) cm. tall, glabrous; stems usually diffusely branched, glabrous to rarely slightly pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, 2–15(38) x 0.75–5(13) mm., opposite, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, acute or obtuse, entire, or larger leaves occasionally minutely, shallowly dentate, l-3(5)-nerved.
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 0–2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary or in terminal racemes, slender pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels (5)7–12 mm. long in flower, extending in fruit 9–17(25) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx (1.25)2–4 mm. long, glabrous, divided almost to base; lobes up to 0.5 mm. wide, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or pale blue, 4–7 mm. long, upper lip emarginate to shallowly bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Fertile stamens two, filaments 0.4–1 mm. long; staminodes two, 0.25–0.5(1) mm. long, slender, clavate at apex occasionally with short spur c. 0.75 mm. long, just below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 1.5–4.5(6) x 1.25–1.75(2.5) mm., obovate- or cylindric-ellipsoid to nearly subglobose, usually longer than calyx.

[FWTA]

Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Erect or ascending herb, 2-9 in. high with slender usually diffuse branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers blue and white
Ecology
In swamps.

[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Lindernia parviflora (Roxb.) Haines appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 2008 Festo, L. and Luke, Q. [2322], Kenya K000449620
Bidgood, S. [5971], Tanzania K000468454
Bidgood, S. [6115], Tanzania K000468310
Bidgood, S. [5909], Tanzania K000468516
Bidgood, S. [5943], Tanzania K000468482
Milne-Redhead, E. [11155], Tanzania Ilysanthes parviflora 24453.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [3194], Zambia Ilysanthes parviflora 2562.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [10002], Tanzania Ilysanthes parviflora 27350.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [10854], Tanzania Ilysanthes parviflora 27352.000
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3867], Nepal Bonnaya parviflora K001117475
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3867], Myanmar Bonnaya parviflora K001117476
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3867] Bonnaya parviflora K001117474
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3867], India Bonnaya parviflora K001117472
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3867], India Bonnaya parviflora K001117473
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3867] Bonnaya parviflora K001117471

First published in Bot. Bihar Orissa: 635 (1922)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
  • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1982). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 3: 1-226. Trustees of British Museum, London.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kar, S.K. & al. (2016 publ. 2017). Additions to the flora of Chilika lake and its immediate neighbourhood Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 40: 134-150.
  • Kliment, J., Turis, P. & Janišová, M. (2016). Taxa of vascular plants endemic to the Carpathian Mts Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 88: 19-76.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Mill, R. & al. (2015). Flora of Pakistan 220: 1-331. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (1987). Flora of Thailand 5: 1-470. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Mill, R. & al. (2015). Flora of Pakistan 220: 1-331. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2016). Flore du Gabon 48: 1-158. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (1987). Flora of Thailand 5: 1-470. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bot. Bihar & Orissa 4: 635 (1922)
  • F.A.C. Scrophulariaceae: 174, pl. 74 (1999)
  • F.Z.: 8(2): 69 (1990)
  • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 277 (2006).
  • Thulin (ed.) Fl. Somal. 281, fig. 180 (2005)
  • Trop. and subtrop. Pflanzenw. 81: 312, t. 148 (1992)
  • U.K.W.F.: 257 (1994)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/