Sopubia eminii Engl.

First published in Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 359 (1895)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa. It is a annual and grows primarly in the seasonally dry tropical biome(s).

Descriptions

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Types: Tanzania, Stuhlmann 3334, 3582 and 3848 (B†, syn.). Neotype: Kenya, Nandi–Mumias, Whyte s.n. (K! chosen by Hansen, 1975)
Morphology General Habit
Annual, erect to slightly erect, scabrid herb, (20–)30–60 cm tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems simple to much branched especially near base, obscurely angled, branches spreading to slightly erect, scabrid, frequently with minute, retrorse, bristly hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 4 cm long, opposite to almost opposite, occasionally in whorls of 3, usually trifid particularly below with narrowly linear lobes, or occasionally 5-fid, becoming entire above, strict to somewhat flexuous when dry, bracteate within inflorescence, often subtending small axillary leafy branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax, terminal, racemose; flowers opposite; bracteoles 3–4 mm long, 0.4–0.6 mm wide, narrowly linear to linear-lanceolate, scabrid, arising towards apex of pedicel; pedicels 5–10(–25) mm long, slender, scabrid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3.5–4.5 mm long, subglabrous to minutely scabrid on the outside, subglabrous within, not densely woolly; lobes broadly triangular, ± 1.3 mm long, slightly to barely tomentose at margins, sparsely to more or less densely orange to black glandular-punctate when dried
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow or white with dark purple centre, 6.5–7 mm long, limb 8–10 mm in diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Fertile anther thecae cylindric-ellipsoid, ± 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule broadly cylindric-ellipsoid, 3.5–5 mm long, ± 3 mm in diameter, glabrous or sparsely reddish glandular-punctate when dried.
Ecology
Woodland and grassy places and hillsides; 1000–2300 m (–2790 m fide U.K.W.F.)
Conservation
Least Concern (LC); widespread
Distribution
Range: Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe Flora districts: U3 U4 K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Annual, erect to slightly erect, scabrid herb, 30–60 cm. tall; stems simple to much branched especially near base, obscurely angled, branches spreading to slightly erect, scabrid, frequently with minute retrorse bristly hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 4 cm. long, opposite to almost opposite, occasionally in whorls of 3, usually trifid particularly below with narrowly linear lobes, becoming entire above, bracteate within inflorescence, of ten subtending small axillary leafy branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence loose, terminal, racemose; flowers pedicellate, yellow or white with dark purple centre, opposite.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 5–9 mm. long, slender, scabrid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles 3–4 x 0.4–0.6 mm., narrowly linear to linear-lanceolate, scabrid, arising towards apex of pedicel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3.5–4.5 mm. long, subglabrous to minutely scabrid without, subglabrous within, not densely woolly, lobes c. 1.25 mm. long, broadly triangular, slightly to barely tomentose at margin, sparsely to more or less densely orange to black glandular-punctate when dried.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 6.5–7 mm. long, limb 8–10 mm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Fertile anther thecae c. 2 mm. long cylindric-ellipsoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3.5–5 mm. long, c. 3 mm. in diam., broadly cylindric-ellipsoid, glabrous or sparsely reddish glandular-punctate when dried.
[FZ]

Uses

Use
None recorded from our area
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0