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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg and F. K. Kupicha et al.. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

Morphology General Habit
An evergreen shrub or tree 1·5–30 m. tall; bark grey, smooth or slightly scaly; slash whitish, cream or pale brown with darker yellow striations, brownish yellow beneath, yielding milky latex; branches subsarmentose.
Morphology Twigs
Young twigs glabrous, angled, sometimes with verticillate branching-pattern.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves thinly coriaceous, opposite or in whorls of 3–5, completely glabrous; petiole 3–20 mm. long, angled, often narrowly winged almost to the base by a continuation of the lamina; lamina (4)6–13·5 x (1·3)2·2–5·5 cm., elliptic to obovate or narrowly obovate, the apex cuspidate with short rounded acumen or acute with rounded tip, the base attenuate; upper surface glossy, with all nerves raised (midrib both prominent and channelled); lower surface paler and mat, all nerves raised; lateral nerves ± parallel, 2–4 mm. apart, joining near the margin in a neatly looped vein; edge of leaf forming little pleats when pressed flat.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, fragrant, in dense axillary fascicles on new and old wood; pedicels up to 1 mm. long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1·5–2 mm. long; sepals ovate, free, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube 5–8 mm. long, narrowed in the middle, glabrous externally, pubescent internally in upper half, hairs longest just below the anthers; corolla lobes 2–4 x 1·5–2·5 mm., elliptic, glabrous, not strongly overlapping.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted 4-6 mm. above base of corolla tube; filaments minute, anthers 0·5–1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Gynoecium 4–6·5 mm. long; ovary c. 1 mm. long, cylindrical, glabrous, of 2 free carpels each containing 1–4 ovules; style slender, flattened; clavuncle 2-lobed; stigma reduced to a flat region at apex of clavuncle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit comprising 2 clavate mericarps 7–20 x 4·5–18 mm., pale green to orange when ripe, each containing 1 or 2 salmon-pink seeds.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Tree 1.5–20(–30) m high; trunk 2–50 cm in diameter; bark smooth or slightly rough, pale to dark grey; wood hard, durable.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3–5, petiolate; blade narrowly elliptic to oblong, rarely obovate, 4–23 cm long, 1.1–8 cm wide, apex acute to acuminate with acumen 4–12 mm long, cuneate at the base or decurrent intothe petiole; petiole 5–20 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, rarely terminal, 10–30(–40)-flowered; pedicels 1–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, fragrant or not; sepals broadly ovate to elliptic, up to 2.5 mm long; corolla white to orange-yellow; tube greenish white, 6.2–10.5 mm long; lobes ovate or elliptic to suborbicular, 1.3–4.5(–4.8) mm long, up to 3.5 mm wide; stamens inserted 4.6–8(–9.5) mm from the base; pistil glabrous, 4.6–8.6(–9.7) mm long; pistil head ellipsoid to ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits yellow, subglobose to pyriform, sometimes stipitate, 13–23(–30) mm long, up to 24 mm in diameter; seeds ellipsoid to oblong, 6.5–13.5×4.5–9.5×2–4 mm.
Figures
Fig. 13 (p. 40).
Habitat
Evergreen forest, riverine or swamp forest; 0–2300 m
Distribution
K4 K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 T8 U2 U4 Z tropical Africa from Senegal in the W to Angola, Zambia and Mozambique

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Pleiocarpa pycnantha (K.Schum.) Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1995 Stuhlmann [1216], Uganda K000233641 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1995 Schweinfurth, G. [3073], Zaïre K000233649 holotype
Jan 1, 1995 Johnson, W.H. [803], Ghana K000233659 syntype
Jan 1, 1995 Johnson, W.H. [616], Ghana K000233658 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1995 Johnson, W.H. [623], Ghana K000233660 holotype
Apr 5, 1994 Dewevre, A. [945], Zaire K000233650 isotype
Mar 29, 1994 Welwitsch [5981], Angola K000233638 isotype
Mar 29, 1994 Swynnerton, C.F.M. [14], Zimbabwe K000233640 syntype
Mar 29, 1994 Swynnerton, C.F.M. [14], Zimbabwe K000233639 syntype
Osmaston, H.A. [684], Uganda 2289.000
Troupin, G. [3769], Congo, DRC 2290.000
Harris, T. [23], Mozambique K000545027

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 4(1): 99 (1902)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in F.T.A. 4, 1: 99 (1902).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 482, ill. (1994).
  • Hamilton, Field Guide Uganda For. Trees: 164 (1981).
  • Huber in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 63 (1963).
  • Kupicha in Flora Zambesiaca 7 (2): 432, t. 99 (1985).
  • Omino in Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 96 (1): 146 (1996).
  • Pichon in Bull. Soc. Brot. sér. 2 (27): 128, t. 4/1 (1953).
  • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 4, 1: 99 (1902).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate ed. 2: 29 (1952).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0