Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile

First published in Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 2(Mém.): 221 (1813)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Africa, Israel to Arabian Peninsula. It is a tree and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Palestine, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Azores, Cape Verde, Dominican Republic, Netherlands Antilles

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español. Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 366, t. 76, 1–5.
  • F.T.A. 1: 315
  • in Descr. Égypt. Hist. Nat. 2: 221, t. 28, 1 (1813)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Curtis, B. & Mannheimer, C. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia: 1-688. The National Botanical Research Institute, Windhoek.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. J. S. Sands & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 377, fig., map (1994).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 365 (1956) pro parte.
  • Delile, Descr. Égypte, Hist. Nat.: 221 & t. 28, fig. 1 (1813).
  • Engl. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 3, 4: 355 (1896) pro parte.
  • Gilbert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 66 (1958).
  • Launert in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 223 (1963).
  • Oliv., Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 315 (1868).
  • Sands in Kew Bulletin 56: 51, t. 9 & 11 map 4 & 6 (2001).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
K001572684 Yes
Beckett, J.J. [960] Somalia K004508586 Yes
Hansen, O.J. [4312] Somalia K004508582 Yes
Gillett, J.B.; Watson, R.M. [23704] Somalia K004508581 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6855] K001124992 Unknown Type Material Yes
Thulin, M.; Hedrén, M.; Abdi M. Dahir [7468] Somalia K004508580 Yes
Tanner, R. [1205] Tanzania K:SPC-16454.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6855] K001124993 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6855] India K001124995 Unknown Type Material Yes
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [1252] Kenya K:SPC-16028.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6855] K001124994 Type Yes
Dawkins, H. [791] Uganda K:SPC-15442.000 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6855] India K001124996 Unknown Type Material Yes
Thulin, M.; Warfa, A.M. [SMP120] Somalia K004508579 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [1450] Angola K004588123 Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images