Samadera indica Gaertn.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania (Pemba), Comoros, Madagascar, Tropical Asia to Caroline Islands (Palau).

[FTEA]

Simaroubaceae, Brian Stannard. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2000

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 10 m; trunk irregularly angled; branches glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, elliptic, ovate or obovate, 5–25 cm long, 2–8.5 cm wide, rounded to acuminate at apex, rounded or obtuse at base, glabrous, glandular beneath, densely reticulate-veined; petiole 7–15(–30) mm, often curved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, pendulous, with a thin peduncle 1–30 cm long and a terminal umbel of 4–13 flowers; bracteoles ± 1 mm; pedicel 10–30 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, bisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx of 4 obtuse sepals 6 mm long, 2 mm wide, with a concave gland in the centre.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, contorted or imbricate in bud, 10–25 mm long, 9 mm wide, obtuse, pubescent outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc large.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8, to 16 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with terminal, inconspicuous stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of 1–4 carpels, each a woody drupe, ellipsoid with an unilateral thin wing in the upper part, 4–5 cm long, laterally compressed, 2.5–3.7 cm wide and 1.3–1.9 cm thick, 1-seeded.
Habitat
Swampy sites with Barringtonia in lowland rain-forest; ± 10 m
Distribution
P

Native to:

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Comoros, India, Laos, Madagascar, Malaya, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Vietnam

Samadera indica Gaertn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1062], Myanmar Niota lucida K001110884 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1062], Myanmar Niota lucida K001110883 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6349] Niota tetrapetala K001123639 Yes
Nov 25, 2004 Arifin et al. [B 1462], Indonesia Quassia indica K000271055 No
Nov 25, 2004 Ambriansyah et al. [Berau 924], Indonesia Quassia indica K000271050 No
Nov 25, 2004 Kessler et al. [Berau 775], Indonesia Quassia indica K000271051 No
Nov 25, 2004 Ag. Amin [SAN 115348], Malaysia Quassia indica K000271052 No
Nov 25, 2004 Ag. Amin Sigun [SAN 126134], Malaysia Quassia indica K000271053 No
Nov 25, 2004 Kessler et al. [Berau 243], Indonesia Quassia indica K000271054 No
Nov 25, 2004 Takeuchi [14389], Papua New Guinea Quassia indica K000271056 No
Wallich [1062], Myanmar Quassia indica K000651375 Yes

First published in Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 352 (1791)

Accepted by

  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Stannard, B. (2000). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Simaroubaceae: 1-14.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images