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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico.
Cestrum elegans

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 2600 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, arbolito

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Shrub up to 3(4) m, with striate branches, sometimes tinged purplish, densely hairy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate or ovate-lanceolate, shortly petiolate, coarsely hairy beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in compound, leafy, terminal inflorescences, complemented by further inflorescences from the axils below, the flowers congested at the ends of the axes, hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx purplish-red to deep purple, obconic, sub-campanulate, 5-angular; corolla crimson or reddish-purple to violaceous, to 21(22) mm long, bearing a long, glabrous tube to 19.5 mm, ventricous-clavate distally but somewhat constricted at the throat, and with a spreading limb with 5 ovate-subrounded, mucronate or cuspidate lobes, glabrous outside, papillose-tomentose inside and slightly pilose at the margins; stamens thickened at the base, rugose, sulcate, glabrous, inserted above the middle of the corolla tube; ovary semi-ellipsoid, glabrous; style filiform, 18 mm long, puberulous distally, included.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit purplish-red, obovoid, apically somewhat obtuse, fleshy
Distribution
Originally from Mexico, now cultivated as a garden ornamental or as a hedge and occasionally becoming naturalized mainly on roadsides and forest edges in the Old World. Zimbabwe Malawi Zambia

[FTEA]

Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

Type
Type: Mexico, Oaxaca, Galeotti 2619 (?P, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Evergreen shrubs or small trees, occasionally herbaceous, straggling, 1–4 m high.
Morphology Stem
Stems conspicuously hirsute and ferrugineous with long simple or branched hairs, stalked glands usually present throughout
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often scabrid, dark green, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, rarely narrowly lanceolate, (4.5–)6–11(–14) × 1.8–4.3(–6.8) cm, bases cuneate, margins entire, apices acute to acuminate, both surfaces conspicuously and softly hirsute, especially on the veins and midribs; petioles (2–)5–10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences dense terminal panicles of spicate racemes or lateral cymes, often nodding; flowering stems densely pilose/villous, often purplish; flowers in compact clusters, sometimes with a faint scent; pedicels densely hirsute, purplish, 1–3 mm long with prominent apical abscission layer; bracts narrowly lanceolate, ± 6 mm long, appearing reddish with stalked glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pink, purple or red, campanulate to cupulate, 4–9 × 3–6 mm, lobes equal or unequal, coloured, narrowly triangular, 1.5–4 × 1–3 mm, acute, usually densely pilose with ciliate margins in flower, enlarging slightly and becoming glabrescent and adherent in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla usually red, occasionally pinkish, urceolate, 1.5–2.3 cm long and 5–8 mm diameter apically, narrow basally becoming bulbous above then constricted below lobes, tube 1.5–1.9 cm long, glabrescent below becoming pilose towards the lobes externally; lobes narrowly triangular, spreading after anthesis, 1.5–4 × 1.8–2.5 mm, acute, glabrescent externally apart from densely pilose marginal bands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually equal; filaments free for 7–10 mm, curved apically; anthers yellow to orange, 0.8–1.3 × 0.9–1.3 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary brownish, globose to ovoid, 1.2–1.4 mm long; disc cupulate, ± 1 mm broad; style 1.3–1.8 cm long, usually exserted; stigma 0.6–1.3 mm diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry often in dense clusters, glossy, dark red to dark purple, globose to broadly ovoid, 5–13 × 4–9 mm enclosed basally by cupulate enlarged calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2–17 per berry, dark brown, ellipsoidal, prismatic, (1.8–)3–4.5 × 1.5–2.8 mm, often mixed with small vestigial seeds
Figures
Fig 1/10, p 11
Ecology
Widely cultivated, also an escape in disturbed vegetation; 1350–2600 m
Conservation
Widespread; least concern (LC)
Note
The species is a popular ornamental, widely planted for its dense inflorescences of showy red flowers.
Distribution
Range: Also cultivated and becoming naturalised in Congo, Rwanda, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa Range: And in N Africa, Europe, Sri Lanka, Australia and Pacific islands Flora districts: K3 K4 T3

Native to:

Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest

Introduced into:

Burundi, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Victoria, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cestrum elegans (Brongn. ex Neumann) Schltdl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2010 Barbon et al. [8885], Philippines K000611840
Jan 1, 2000 Pringle, C.G. [6127], Mexico K000063375
Jan 1, 2000 Hernández A, C. [100], Mexico K000063376
Jan 1, 1999 Jurgensen, C. [613], Mexico K000063378
Jan 1, 1999 Linden, J. [512], Mexico K000063379 isotype
Jan 1, 1999 Saunders, W.W.H. [480], Mexico K000063372
Jan 1, 1999 Jurgensen, C. [613], Mexico K000063371
Jan 1, 1984 Nee, M. [26165], Mexico K000063377
Bourgeau, M. [2404], Mexico K000063374
Jan 1, 2000 Galeotti, H.G. [1206], Oaxaca Cestrum elegans var. longiflorum K000585143 isosyntype

First published in Linnaea 19: 261 (1847)

Accepted by

  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1988). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 6: 1-424. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Symon, D.E. (1985). The Solanaceae of New Guinea Journal of the Adelaide botanic gardens 8: 1-171.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. in Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C. (1965). Flora of Java 2: 1-641. N.V.P. Noordhoff, Groningen, The Netherlands.
  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Heine, H. (1976). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 7: 1-212. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Purdie, R.W., Symon, D.E. & Haegi, L. (1982). Flora of Australia 29: 1-208. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Symon, D.E. (1985). The Solanaceae of New Guinea Journal of the Adelaide botanic gardens 8: 1-171.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Candollea 6: 123 (1935)
  • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 600 (1852)
  • F.Z. 8(4): 9 (2005)
  • Fl. Egypt 6: 135 (1998)
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 105 (2006).
  • Linnaea 19: 261 (1847)
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 3: 362 (1985)

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/