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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.
Lycium cinereum

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Rigidly erect, much branched, very spiny shrub 0.3–2 m high Rigidly erect, much branched, very spiny shrub 0.3–2 m high.
Morphology General Bark
Bark smooth and shiny to rugose, dirty-white to greyish-white and striated on young stems, brown to purplish-brown and glabrous on the older ones Bark smooth and shiny to rugose, dirty-white to greyish-white and striated on young stems, brown to purplish-brown and glabrous on the older ones.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves densely clustered on branchlets and spines, subsessile or with a petiole of 0.5 mm; lamina fleshy, 7–17 × 1–2 mm, oblong to narrowly elliptic or spathulate, apex rounded to slightly acute, with vesture of microscopic, short glandular hairs Leaves densely clustered on branchlets and spines, subsessile or with a petiole of 0.5 mm; lamina fleshy, 7–17 × 1–2 mm, oblong to narrowly elliptic or spathulate, apex rounded to slightly acute, with vesture of microscopic, short glandular hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merous, erect. Flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merous, erect; pedicels 3–5(8) mm long, glabrous or with minute shortly stalked glandular hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 3–5(8) mm long, glabrous or with minute shortly stalked glandular hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2.5–4 mm long, with vesture as on pedicels outside; tube campanulate, 2.5–3 mm wide, often ribbed; lobes equal to sometimes unequal, 0.5–0.7 mm long, triangular, acute, erect Calyx 2.5–4 mm long, with vesture as on pedicels outside; tube campanulate, 2.5–3 mm wide, often ribbed; lobes equal to sometimes unequal, 0.5–0.7 mm long, triangular, acute, erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla creamy-white with violet limb and a dark purple patch at the base of the lobes, glabrous outside; tube 5–7 mm long, infundibuliform-campanulate, pilose on the inside at filament insertions; limb 5–7 mm across; lobes 2–3.5 mm long, semi-elliptic, reflexed, ciliate Corolla creamy-white with violet limb and a dark purple patch at the base of the lobes, glabrous outside; tube 5–7 mm long, infundibuliform-campanulate, pilose on the inside at filament insertions; limb 5–7 mm across; lobes 2–3.5 mm long, semi-elliptic, reflexed, ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens subequal with 2 or 3 slightly longer than the others, attached at or slightly above the middle of the corolla tube, clearly exserted; filaments 5–7 mm long, pilose at the base Stamens subequal with 2 or 3 slightly longer than the others, attached at or slightly above the middle of the corolla tube, clearly exserted; filaments 5–7 mm long, pilose at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk inconspicuous, yellow-brown Disk inconspicuous, yellow-brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1 mm in diameter, ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 8–10 mm long, exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit red or sometimes yellow, 5–7 × 5–7 mm, ovoid to globose, reported to be poisonous Fruit red or sometimes yellow, 5–7 × 5–7 mm, ovoid to globose, reported to be poisonous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2.5 × 2 mm, discoid-ovoid Seeds 2.5 × 2 mm, discoid-ovoid.
Ecology
Acacia wooded grassland, dry riverine associations, floodplains and drainage lines, commonly in disturbed places, on sands, limestone and granite; 564–1158 m.
Distribution
Also known from Namibia and throughout South Africa apart from Mpumalanga. BOT SW, BOT SE Botswana.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1 mm in diameter, ovoid; style 8–10 mm long, exserted.

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Namibia, Northern Provinces

Introduced into:

Spain

Lycium cinereum Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 20, 1998 Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000426090 holotype
Engler, A. [6567], South Africa Lycium prunus-spinosa K000426063 lectotype
Pearson, H.H.W. [8104], South Africa Lycium prunus-spinosa K000426065 isosyntype
Pearson, H.H.W. [8143], South Africa Lycium prunus-spinosa K000426066 isotype
Verdoorn, I.C. [895], South Africa Lycium prunus-spinosa K000426067 isotype
Pearson, H.H.W. [8133], South Africa Lycium prunus-spinosa K000426064

First published in Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 57 (1794)

Accepted by

  • Aymerich, P. (2019). Notes sobre flora allòctona a Catalunya. II Butlletí de la Institució Catalana d’Història Natural 83: 3-21.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • A. de Candolle, Prodr. 13, 1: 516 (1852).
  • Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 2, 14: 20 (1854).
  • Bond & Goldblatt, Pl. Cape Fl.: 424 (1984) pro parte excl. L. kraussii Dunal.
  • F.C. 4, 2: 116 (1904) pro parte saltem excl. syn. L. apiculatum Dunal et vars.
  • Lamarck, Encycl. Méth. Bot., Suppl. 3: 450 (1814).
  • Linnaeus, Syst. Veg. 1: 700 (1825).
  • Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 56: 176 (1987) pro parte
  • Prodr. Pl. Cap. 1: 37 (1794)
  • Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 4: 694 (1819)
  • Sp. Pl. 5, 1: 1059 (1810).
  • Tax. Lycium Afr.: 141, fig. 8.2.13 (2000).
  • The Genus Lycium in Africa, Kew Herb. unpubl. rep.: 2, 9 (1974) , pro parte.
  • Trans. Linn. Soc., London 9: 154 (1808).
  • Walpers, Rep. Bot. Syst. 3: 110 (1844).
  • Willdenow, Enum. Pl.: 245 (1809)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aymerich, P. (2019). Notes sobre flora allòctona a Catalunya. II Butlletí de la Institució Catalana d’Història Natural 83: 3-21.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/