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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Rigidly erect shrub, sometimes bushy and tangled, 0.3–3 m high Rigidly erect shrub, sometimes bushy and tangled, 0.3–3 m high.
Morphology Stem
Stems profusely branched, with lateral branches divaricate; spines 10–15 mm long; bark brown to purplish-brown, glabrous and glossy, sometimes pale grey and striate when young Stems profusely branched, with lateral branches divaricate; spines 10–15 mm long; bark brown to purplish-brown, glabrous and glossy, sometimes pale grey and striate when young.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves fascicled on stems and spines in clusters of 3–6, subsessile or with a petiole up to 2 mm long; lamina semi-succulent, (2)9–20(40) × (0.5)1–2(3) mm, linear or oblong, sometimes narrowly oblanceolate to spathulate or narrowly obovate, apex rounded to acute, occasionally acuminate, sometimes revolute at the margins, sparsely covered with glandular hairs Leaves fascicled on stems and spines in clusters of 3–6, subsessile or with a petiole up to 2 mm long; lamina semi-succulent, (2)9–20(40) × (0.5)1–2(3) mm, linear or oblong, sometimes narrowly oblanceolate to spathulate or narrowly obovate, apex rounded to acute, occasionally acuminate, sometimes revolute at the margins, sparsely covered with glandular hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merous, erect to ± pendulous. Flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merous, erect to ± pendulous; pedicels (1.5)2–4(7) mm long, striate, glabrous to densely clothed with minute glandular hairs and occasionally also eglandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels (1. 5)2–4(7) mm long, striate, glabrous to densely clothed with minute glandular hairs and occasionally also eglandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx (2.5)3–6(7) mm long, tubular-campanulate or cupular, deeply lobed often more than halfway, with vesture as on leaves outside; tube (1. 2)1. 5–2(3) × 2.5–3 mm, often ribbed mainly to the base; lobes equal to slightly unequal, (0.5)1–3 mm long, triangular to ovate-oblong or narrowly triangular, acute or obtuse, erect to ± reflexed, densely puberulous to glabrous at margins and apex Calyx (2.5)3–6(7) mm long, tubular-campanulate or cupular, deeply lobed often more than halfway, with vesture as on leaves outside; tube (1.2)1.5–2(3) × 2.5–3 mm, often ribbed mainly to the base; lobes equal to slightly unequal, (0.5)1–3 mm long, triangular to ovate-oblong or narrowly triangular, acute or obtuse, erect to ± reflexed, densely puberulous to glabrous at margins and apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla creamy-white with purple venation and lobes, or all creamy, glabrous outside; tube 6–8 mm long, infundibuliform, villous to ± glabrous on the inside at filament insertions; limb (3)5–7 mm across; lobes (1. 2)2–3.5(4) × 2 mm, suborbicular to ovate-triangular or ± oblong, rounded to acute, suberect to reflexed, ciliolate to glabrous at the margins Corolla creamy-white with purple venation and lobes, or all creamy, glabrous outside; tube 6–8 mm long, infundibuliform, villous to ± glabrous on the inside at filament insertions; limb (3)5–7 mm across; lobes (1.2)2–3.5(4) × 2 mm, suborbicular to ovate-triangular or ± oblong, rounded to acute, suberect to reflexed, ciliolate to glabrous at the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens unequal, attached at or near the middle of the corolla tube, clearly exserted; filaments (1. 5)5–7 mm long, ± villous-pilose at and immediately above the base Stamens unequal, attached at or near the middle of the corolla tube, clearly exserted; filaments (1.5)5–7 mm long, ± villous-pilose at and immediately above the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1–1. 5 mm in length or diameter, globose to slightly ovoid, apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 4–7.5(10) mm long, straight but often curving upwards, exserted like the stamens
Ecology
Acacia woodland, wooded grassland, dry riverine communities, salty depressions and flood plains; 564–1158 m.
Distribution
Botswana. BOT N, BOT SW, BOT SE, ZIM S, MOZ GI Also in Namibia and South Africa (Northern Province, Free State, Northern, Western and Eastern Cape Provinces). Mozambique Zimbabwe
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2–2.5 mm long, discoid-ovoid. Seeds 2–2.5 mm long, discoid-ovoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk not prominent, red. Disk not prominent, red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1–1.5 mm in length or diameter, globose to slightly ovoid, apiculate; style 4–7.5(10) mm long, straight but often curving upwards, exserted like the stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit orange or red, occasionally turning blackish with age, (3)4–6 mm in length or diameter, globose to slightly ovoid, apiculate, poisonous. Fruit orange or red, occasionally turning blackish with age, (3)4–6 mm in length or diameter, globose to slightly ovoid, apiculate, poisonous

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

Lycium schizocalyx C.H.Wright appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Every, C.H. [219], South Africa K000426060
Bolus, H. [741], South Africa K000426061 Unknown type material
Bolus, H. [2074], South Africa K000426062
Galpin, E.E. [3080], South Africa K000426059 Unknown type material

First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 4(2): 114 (1904)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • F.C. 4, 2: 114 (1904).
  • Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 56: 176 (1987)
  • Tax. Lycium Afr.: 191, fig. 8.2.39 (2000). TAB. 9.
  • The Genus Lycium in Africa, Kew Herb. unpubl. rep.: 2, 11 (1974).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0