Solanum aethiopicum L.

First published in Cent. Pl. II: 10 (1756)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is a cultigen from NE. Tropical Africa. It is a subshrub or shrub and grows primarly in the seasonally dry tropical biome(s).

Distribution

Native to:

Eritrea, Ethiopia

Introduced into:

Angola, Assam, Benin, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colorado, Congo, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Illinois, Ivory Coast, Kentucky, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2020). Flore du Gabon 55: 1-137. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Amoen. Acad. 4: 307 (1759)
  • Bitter in Fedde Rep. 16: 44 (1923).
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 217, partly
  • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 2: 208, partly (Thomas 146) and excl. syn.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Cent. Pl. 2: 10 (1756)
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 217 (1906)
  • F.W.T.A. 2nd ed., 2: 332 (1963).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 1, 2002 Biye, E. [63], Cameroon K000109670 No
Feb 1, 2002 Biye, E. [35], Cameroon K000109671 No
Jan 1, 1997 s.coll [s.n.] K001159961 Yes
Mar 30, 1995 Lester, R.N. [046], Nigeria K000489376 Yes
Mar 30, 1995 Thomas, N.W. [146], Nigeria K000489377 Yes
Mar 30, 1995 Morton, J.K. [4193], Ghana K000212471 Yes
Mar 30, 1995 Hall [47129], Ghana K000489375 Yes
Jan 1, 1994 Pervillé, M. [510], Madagascar K000212238 lectotype Yes
Apr 4, 1991 Baron, R. [5001], Madagascar K000212237 No
Jun 28, 1905 Ramos, M. [15341], Philippines K000195941 Yes
Monteiro [s.n.], Angola K000414098 Unknown type material Yes
s.coll [8727] K001168000 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001168004 Yes
Yates, C.C. [20A], Nigeria K001155619 Yes
Yates, C.C. [13A], Nigeria K001155622 Yes
Hall [GC47110] K001155624 Yes
Elliot, G.F.S. [4955] K001155630 Yes
Michael Fay, J. [5426], Central African Republic K001155813 Yes
Michael Fay, J. [s.n.], Central African Republic K001155814 Yes
Myers, J.G. [6587], Sudan K001156013 Yes
Herb Gay, J. [s.n.] K001156015 Yes
Purseglove, J.W. [3562], Uganda K001156741 Yes
Greenway [6061], Tanzania K001156746 Yes
Buchanan, J. [6226], Malawi K001158357 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001168002 Yes
Michael Fay, J. [5421], Central African Republic K001155816 Yes
Herb Gay, J. [s.n.] K001155821 Yes
Trapnell, C.G. [1455], Zambia K001158351 Yes
Tallantire, A.C. [t671], Uganda K001156738 Yes
s.coll [8] K001155808 Yes
Baldwin, J.T. [6694], Liberia K001155628 Yes
Purseglove, J.W. [P1203], Uganda K001156751 Yes
Westphal, E. [9141], Cameroon K001168010 Yes
Jenman [6483], Guyana K001168003 Yes
Hall [GC47126] K001155617 Yes
Buchanan, J. [1186], Malawi K001158358 Yes
Raynal, J. [20363], Rwanda K001155828 Yes
Trapnell, C.G. [1456], Zambia K001158354 Yes
Trapnell, C.G. [1454/1], Zambia K001158359 Yes
Fanshawe, D.B. [F10143], Zambia K001158350 Yes
Seemann [167] K001162547 Yes
s.coll [316], Nigeria K001155620 Yes
Michael Fay, J. [5420], Central African Republic K001155815 Yes
Welw. [6077b], Angola K001029789 paratype Yes
s.coll [FHI67578], Nigeria K001168012 Yes
Chevalier, A.J.B. [22124], Côte d'Ivoire K001155627 Yes
Tessmann, G. [2518], Cameroon K001155809 Yes
Hall [GC47115] K001155623 Yes
Baum, H. [725], Angola K001029793 Yes
Gbile, Z.O. [FHI67578], Nigeria K001168013 Yes
Morton, J.K. [SL2838] K001155629 Yes
s.coll [450] K001156745 Yes
Purseglove, J.W. [P1201], Uganda K001156743 Yes
Hall [GC47119] K001155625 Yes
Buchanan [155], Uganda K001158356 paratype Yes
s.coll [D32], Uganda K001156750 Yes
Trapnell, C.G. [1459], Zambia K001158352 Yes
Nee, M. [16076], USA K001168006 Yes
Sigara [102], Tanzania K001156748 Yes
Irvine, F.B. [3604], Nigeria K001168014 Yes
Welwitsch [6093], Angola K001029791 Yes
Welwitsch [6091], Angola K001029792 Yes
Westphal, E. [9811], Cameroon K001168011 Yes
Phiri, R. [128], Zambia K001158353 Yes
Purseglove, J.W. [P1202], Uganda K001156744 Yes
Casas, F. [11991], Equatorial Guinea K001155819 Yes
s.coll [P3563], Uganda K001156740 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [7966] K001155824 Yes
Linder, D.H. [1850], Congo K001155820 Yes
Bates, G.L. [s.n.], Cameroon K001155810 Yes
Thomas, N.W. [1237], Nigeria K001155626 Yes
Michael Fay, J. [s.n.], Central African Republic K001155817 Yes
Wager, V.A. [s.n.], Congo K001155827 Yes
Tessmann, G. [525], Equatorial Guinea K001155811 Yes
s.coll [117], Cameroon K001168008 Yes
Schweinfurth, G. [3429] K001156014 Yes
Tessmann, G. [78], Guinea K001155618 Yes
Wager, V.A. [s.n.], Congo K001155826 Yes
Purseglove, J.W. [P3562], Uganda K001156739 Yes
Russell, P.G. [52220], Uganda K001156742 Yes
Mbailwa [82], Tanzania K001156747 Yes
Trapnell, C.G. [1754], Zambia K001158355 Yes
Monteiro [s.n.], Angola K001029790 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001167999 Yes
s.coll [D42], Uganda K001156752 Yes
Frank, H. [H184/55], Tanzania K001156749 Yes
Chevalier, A.J.B. [s.n.], Sudan K001155631 Yes
Tessmann, G. [524], Equatorial Guinea K001155812 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001168007 Yes
Gouan [s.n.] K001156016 Yes
Michael Fay, J. [s.n.], Central African Republic K001155818 Yes
Chevalier, A. [8517], Central African Republic K001155823 Yes
Yates, C.C. [43], Nigeria K001155621 Yes
Dümmer, R. [2477], Uganda K001156753 Yes
Louis, J. [11117], Congo K001155806 Yes
Wager, V.A. [s.n.], Congo K001155825 Yes
Bates, G.L. [279] K001155822 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001168005 Yes
s.coll [8727] K001168001 Yes
s.coll [8], Nigeria K001168009 Yes
Nov 1, 1958 Garrette, G.H. [22], Sierra Leone Solanum melongena var. inerme K000212465 Yes
Nov 1, 1958 Thomas, N.W. [4357], Sierra Leone Solanum melongena var. inerme K000212463 Yes
Nov 1, 1958 Thomas, N.W. [456], Sierra Leone Solanum melongena var. inerme K000212464 Yes
Nov 1, 1958 s.coll. [52], Sierra Leone Solanum melongena var. inerme K000212466 Yes
Nov 1, 1958 Fisher, J.D. [91], Sierra Leone Solanum melongena var. inerme K000212462 Yes
Tallantine, A. [671], Uganda Solanum gilo 27157.000 No
Makina, B. [11907], Sudan Solanum gilo K001168897 Yes
Myers, J.G. [10219], Sudan Solanum gilo K001168898 Yes
Mann G. [1872], Equatorial Guinea Solanum gilo K000414037 Yes
Makina, B. [11886], Sudan Solanum gilo K001168899 Yes
Katende, A.B. [66], Uganda Solanum gilo K001168900 Yes
Rio de Janeiro Solanum worsleyi K000590092 Yes
Burchell [8517], Brazil Solanum worsleyi K001058887 Yes
Rio de Janeiro Solanum worsleyi K000590093 Yes
Solanum integrifolium 27797.000 No
s.coll [4], United Kingdom Solanum integrifolium K001169052 Yes
Symon, D.E. [31470] Solanum integrifolium K001169053 Yes

Sources

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images