Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to c. 12 m high; branchlets glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades leathery, ± narrowly elliptic, 4–23 x 1–8 cm, acuminate to acute or obtuse at the apex, glabrous or occasionally pubescent beneath; petiole 7–30 mm long, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences usually many-flowered, lax, glabrous or with scattered short hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.2–2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white to pale yellow; tube 5–7 mm long; lobes 8–15 x 3–7 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 2–2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous; style head gradually narrowing into (0.5–)1 mm long erect stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps separate, glaucous or green with pale brown warts, obliquely ovoid or ellipsoid, 5–8 cm long, apiculate, with 3 ridges, several-seeded; aril orange
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown, 14–15 mm long.
Distribution
S1, 3; eastern Africa southwards to South Africa.
Ecology
Altitude range 30–200 m.

[FZ]

Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg and F. K. Kupicha et al.. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Small tree or shrub, 1·5–12 m. high; trunk terete, 5–30 cm. in diam.; bark pale brown, corky, deeply fissured.
Morphology Branches
Branches with a pale brown corky longitudinally fissured bark and transverse ridges caused by leaf scars, with scattered lenticells of the same colour; branchlets glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; petiole glabrous, 7–30 mm. long; lamina coriaceous (also when fresh) variable in size, elliptic to narrowly elliptic, 2–4 times as long as wide, (4)5·5–23 x (1)2–8 cm., acuminate with an often blunt point or acute or obtuse, with the base cuneate or decurrent into the petiole, entire, glabrous on both surfaces or occasionally pubescent beneath; secondary veins 12–23 on either side of the midrib, straight except for the upcurved apex, fish-bone-like, forming an angle of 70–90° with the midrib, anastomosing towards the apex; tertiary venation reticulate, especially conspicuous in old leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences short- or long-pedunculate, 5–20 x 5–15 cm., usually many-flowered, lax.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle glabrous or occasionally with scattered short hairs, 1–8·5 cm. long, rather slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels glabrous or occasionally with scattered short hairs, 2–6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts scale-like, about as long as the sepals, soon dedicuous, with a single row of colleters in the axils.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sweet-scented.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals pale green, almost free, subcircular or broadly ovate, 0·8–1 times as long as wide, 1·2–2·5 x 1·2–2·5 mm., glabrous or occasionally pubescent outside, inside at the base with a single row of colleters (this may be interrupted and restricted to groups of 3–4, sometimes basally united ones), rounded, erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, creamy, or pale yellow, in the mature bud 8·5–15 mm. long incl. the lobes (the lobes 1/3 –c.1/2 of the length of the bud and 3·5–8 x 3·5–6 mm., forming a broadly ovoid head with a blunt apex), glabrous or occasionally with some small hairs outside, inside with a densely pubescent belt from the insertion of the stamens to the mouth; tube 2·5–4 times as long as the calyx, 5–7 mm. long, almost cylindrical and 1·8–2·4 mm. wide, not twisted, slightly contracted at both the base and just below the insertion of the stamens, widened at the throat; lobes slightly falcate, 1·3–2·5 times as long as the tube, 1·5–3·3 times as long as wide, 8–15 x 3–7 mm., rounded, subauriculate at the left side of the base, entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included for 1–2 mm., inserted 2–2·7 mm. above the corolla-base; anthers 2–2·5 x 0·6–0·7 mm., glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistil glabrous, 3·5-4·2 mm. long; ovary subglobose to almost cylindrical, laterally compressed, 1·2–1·6 x 1·2–1·4 x 1–1·2 mm.; style 1–1·2 x 0·2 mm., widened at the apex; clavuncula composed of two rings: a narrow basal one, 0·5–0·8 x 0·1 mm. and a wider apical one, 0·3–0·4 x 0·5–0·6 mm. gradually narrowing into the slender (0·5)1 mm. long erect stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules c. 35-60 in each carpel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps separate, glaucous or green, with conspicuous pale brown warts, obliquely ovoid or ellipsoid, 5–8 x 4–6·5 x 4–5 cm., apiculate, with 3 ridges, two lateral and one abaxial (these more pronounced in dried fruits), 2-valved, several-seeded; wall 5–15 mm. thick; aril orange.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown, dull, 14–15 x 7–9 x 6–7 mm., with reticulate grooves making a brain-like surface, minutely tuberculate.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Small tree or shrub 1.5–15 m high, trunk 5–30 cm in diameter; bark pale brown, corky, fissured.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade elliptic or narrowly elliptic, 6–23 cm long, 2–8 cm wide, apex acute, obtuse or acuminate, cuneate at the base or decurrent into the petiole, occasionally pubescent beneath; petiole 7–30 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 5–20 cm long, many-flowered, lax, glabrous or occasionally with scattered short hairs in all parts; peduncle 1–8.5 cm long; pedicels 2–6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with sepals suborbicular to broadly ovate, 1.2–2.5 mm long, 1.2–2.5 mm wide, rounded; corolla creamy or pale yellow, white distally; tube almost cylindrical, not twisted, 5–7 mm long; lobes spreading, obliquely elliptic, slightly falcate, 8–15 mm long, 3–7 mm wide, rounded, subauriculate at the left side of the base, entire; stamens with apex 1–2 mm below the mouth of the corolla tube, inserted 2–2.7 mm above the corolla base; pistil 3.5–4.2 mm long, glabrous; ovary up to 1.6 mm long; ovules 35–60 in each carpel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit green, with conspicuous pale brown warts, obliquely ovoid or ellipsoid, 5–8 cm long, 4–6.5 cm in diameter, apiculate, 3–ridged; pericarp 5–15 mm thick; aril orange; seeds dark brown, coffee-bean-like, 14–15 mm long, reticulately grooved, papillose.
Habitat
Moist or dry forest, coastal bushland, evergreen thicket; 0–850 m
Distribution
K7 T3 T6 T8

Native to:

Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Tabernaemontana elegans Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1983 Monteiro, J.J. [55], Mozambique K000233718 lectotype
Jan 1, 1983 Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000233722 paralectotype
Jan 1, 1983 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000233721 paralectotype
Jan 1, 1983 Kirk, J. [42], Mozambique K000233719 paralectotype
Robson, N. [1327], Malawi 29047.014
Milne-Redhead, E. [7637], Tanzania 31166.000
Meller, C.J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000233720

First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 24 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 486, map (1994).
  • Codd in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 270, t. 391 (1963).
  • Leeuwenberg in Flora Zambesiaca 7 (2): 439 (1985)
  • Leeuwenberg in Revision Tabernaemontana 1: 32, t. 7, photo 1–2 (1991).
  • Stapf in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1894: 24 (1894).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0