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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Apocynaceae, H. Huber. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Small tree with a compact crown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white with yellow centre, fragrant
Ecology
In montane forests.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 3–15 m high; trunk 5–30 cm in diameter; bark pale brown, shallowly to deeply fissured, with large lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade narrowly elliptic, 4–27 cm long, 1.5–10(–12) cm wide, obtusely acuminate, acute or obtuse at the apex, cuneate at the base; petiole 3–15 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 5–23 cm long,many-flowered, glabrous in all parts; peduncle 2–15 cm long; pedicels 3–10 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with sepals suborbicular or broadly ovate, 3.5–6 mm long, glabrous outside, ciliate, with a single row of colleters within; corolla white, with a pale yellow throat and greenish tube; mature bud forming a broadly ovoid head; tube almost cylindrical, 10–30 mm long, twisted just above the base; lobes spreading, later recurved, obliquely elliptic, mostly clearly falcate, 14–32 mm long, 5.5–16 mm wide, rounded, auriculate at the left side of the base, undulate; stamens barely exserted or with apex up to 14 mm below the mouth of the corolla tube, inserted 6–8 mm above the corolla base; pistil 7–10 mm long, glabrous; style 2.5–5.3 mm long; ovary almost cylindrical to broadly ovoid; ovules 70–100 in each carpel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits dark green, obliquely ellipsoid, 6–7(–10) cm long, 4.5–5(–10) cm in diameter, rounded, with 2 faint lateral ridges, smooth or slightly verrucose, dehiscent, several-seeded; pericarp 7–13 mm thick; pulp white; aril orange; seed dark brown, ± coffee-bean-like, obliquely ellipsoid, 11–23 mm long.
Habitat
Moist forest and forest margins, riverine and groundwater forest, evergreen thicket; 0–1650 m
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T6 T7 T8 U2 U4 Nigeria, Cameroon, Congo (Kinshasa), Burundi, Malawi to South Africa

[FZ]

Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg and F. K. Kupicha et al.. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 3–15 m. high.
Morphology Trunk
Trunk terete, 5–30 cm. in diam.; bark pale brown, shallowly to deeply longitudinally fissured, often slightly corky, with large lenticels.
Morphology Branches
Branches pale brown, shallowly longitudinally fissured and with transverse ridges caused by leaf scars when dried, with large lenticels of the same colour; branchlets glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; petiole glabrous, 3–15 mm. long, with a single row of colleters in the axils; lamina coriaceous (also when fresh), variable in size, narrowly elliptic, 2·5–4 times as long as wide, 4–27 x 1·5–10 cm., acuminate with a blunt point, acute, or obtuse, cuneate or rounded at the base, entire, sinuate, or undulate, glabrous on both surfaces; secondary veins 7–23 on each side of the midrib, straight or slightly curved, forming an angle of 60–80° with the midrib anastomosing at the apex; tertiary venation reticulate, inconspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences usually long-pedunculate, 5–23 x 3–10 cm., usually many-flowered, more or less congested.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle glabrous, 2–15 cm. long, fairly robust.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels glabrous, 3–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts scale-like, almost as long as the sepals, with a single row of colleters in the axils.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sweet-scented.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals pale green, almost free, thick, carnose, erect, subcircular or broadly ovate, 1–1·5(2) times as long as wide, 3·5–6 x 2–5 mm., ciliate, outside glabrous, inside with a single row of colleters at the base sometimes being interrupted and restricted to groups of 4–6 in front of each sepal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, often with a pale yellow throat and a greenish tube or less often entirely pale yellow, in the mature bud 12–35 mm. long incl. the lobes (the lobes 1/7–1/2 of the length of the bud, 4–10 x 4–8 mm., forming a broadly ovoid head with a blunt apex), outside glabrous, inside from 1·5–2·5 mm. above the base with an incomplete (interrupted below the centre of the anthers) 2–4 mm. wide belt of soft appressed hairs; tube 2·1–5·4 times as long as the calyx, 10–27 mm. long, almost cylindrical to slenderly bottle-shaped, variable, at the base 2·5–4 mm., ventricose at the insertion of the stamens or just below and there 4–6 mm. and at the throat or just below 2·5–4 mm. wide, slightly twisted only just above the base; lobes usually clearly falcate, 0·7–2 times as long as the tube, 14–32 x 5·5–16 mm., rounded, auriculate at the left side of the base, undulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens barely exserted to for 14 mm. included, inserted 6–8 mm. above the corolla base; anthers 5·5—9·5 x 2—2·7 mm., glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistil glabrous, 7–10 mm. long; ovary almost cylindrical to broadly ovoid, often laterally compressed, 2–4·5 x 1·5–3 x 1·4–2·5 mm.; style 2·5–5·3 x 0·2–0·3 mm., slightly widened at the apex; clavuncula almost cylindrical, 2·5–3 x 1–1·2 mm., widened at the base into a thin 1·2—1·7 mm. wide ring, apically gradually narrowing into 5 subglobose lateral 0·5–0·7 mm. long lobes; stigma 0·5–0·7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules c. 70–100 in each carpel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps separate, dark green, obliquely ellipsoid, 6–7 x 4·5–5 x 4–4·5 cm. (or perhaps larger), rounded, with 2 faint lateral ridges (usually visible in the often wrinkled dried fruit), smooth, dehiscent, several-seeded; wall 7–13 mm. thick, white inside; aril orange.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown, dull, 11–13 x 4–7 x 3–5 mm., with longitudinal grooves, minutely tuberculate.

Native to:

Burundi, Cameroon, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Tabernaemontana ventricosa Hochst. ex A.DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2003 Cable, S. [3790], Cameroon K000198040
Nov 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [2393], Cameroon K000198042
Nov 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4013], Cameroon K000198039
Nov 1, 2003 Ryan, P. [347], Cameroon K000198098
Nov 1, 2003 Ryan, P. [347], Cameroon K000198041
Nov 1, 2003 Plot Voucher [B 67], Cameroon K000198043
Jan 1, 1995 Cable, S. [491], Cameroon K000540772
Jan 1, 1995 Faucher, P. [21], Cameroon K000540755
Jan 1, 1995 Cable, S. [1628], Cameroon K000540673
Jan 1, 1988 Thomas, D.W. [2848], Cameroon K000028142
Jan 1, 1988 Thomas, D.W. [2848], Cameroon K000028141
Jan 1, 1988 Letouzey, R. [14246], Cameroon K000028150
Jan 1, 1986 Gerrard, W.T. [1423], South Africa K000233860
Jan 1, 1986 Krauss [146], South Africa K000233858 isotype
Jan 1, 1985 Holst, C. [8810], Kenya K000233723 lectotype
Jan 1, 1985 Thomas, D.W. [3293], Cameroon K000028139
Jan 1, 1985 Thomas, D.W. [4486], Cameroon K000028140
Jan 1, 1985 Thomas, D.W. [2621], Cameroon K000028143
Jan 1, 1984 Maitland, T.D. [0s.n.67], Cameroon K000028154
Jan 1, 1973 Breteler, F.J. [284], Cameroon K000028160
Jan 1, 1958 Maitland, T.D. [676], Cameroon K000028155
Jan 1, 1958 Maitland, T.D. [528], Cameroon K000028158
Jan 1, 1958 Dundas J. [15335], Cameroon K000028161
Jan 1, 1958 Maitland, T.D. [273], Cameroon K000028157
Jan 1, 1958 Dundas J. [15335], Cameroon K000028162
Jan 1, 1958 Maitland, T.D. [506], Cameroon K000028156
Jan 1, 1958 Dalziel, J.M. [8346], Cameroon K000028159
MacArthur, C.G. [5459], Kenya 11359.000
Hepper, F.N. [1898], Cameroon 23951.000
Greenway, P.J. [10,982], Tanzania 29433.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [7603], Tanzania 29503.000
Verdcourt, B. [315], Kenya 5083.000
Milne-Redhead [7051], Tanzania 53487.000
Krauss [146], South Africa K000233859 isotype
Wood, J.M. [787], South Africa K000233857
Dowsett-Lemaire, F. [2524], Mozambique K000614134
Mphamba [52], Mozambique K000614271
Brunt, M.A. [979], Cameroon K000028152
Dunlap [220], Cameroon K000028163
Harris, T. [604], Mozambique K000614193
Dunlap [220], Cameroon K000028164
Brunt, M.A. [980], Cameroon K000028151
Dowsett-Lemaire, F. [2525], Mozambique K000614135

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 366 (1844)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in DC. Prod. 8: 366 (1844).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. DC., Prodr. 8: 366 (1844).
  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 487, map (1994).
  • Codd in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 269 (1963).
  • Huber in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 66 (1963).
  • Leeuwenberg in Flora Zambesiaca 7 (2): 443 (1985)
  • Leeuwenberg in Revision Tabernaemontana 1: 71, t. 18, photo 4 (1991).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0