Genus:
Tamarix L.

Tamarix nilotica (Ehrenb.) Bunge

This species is accepted, and its native range is Aegean Islands to Arabian Peninsula, NE. & E. Tropical Africa.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree up to 10 m tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves narrowly lanceolate, 1–3 mm long, imbricate and half-clasping
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 5–10 cm long, 5–6 mm in diam. Flowers shortly pedicelled, white to pink
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, ovate, c. 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, c. 3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 0.5 mm long, with apical tuft of hairs.

[FTEA]

Tamaricaceae, D. R. Hunt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 6 m. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, narrowly lanceolate to narrowly ovate, concave, closely imbricated on and half-clasping the smaller branchlets, 1–3 mm. long (4–5 mm. on larger branchlets), acute to long-acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes crowded near end of current year’s growth, rather lax, 5–9 cm. long, 3–5 mm. in diameter; bracts narrowly lanceolate 2(–3) mm. long, exceeding flowers (in East African specimens).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 1.75 mm. long, 1.25 mm. wide, white, on 0.5 mm. long pedicels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, ovate to rotund, about 1 mm. long, entire or minutely denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, oblong, 1.5–2 mm. long, 0.75–1 mm. wide, obtuse, falling early.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5(–7); filaments finally 2 mm. long, slender; anthers shortly apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk truncate or slightly lobed between stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary pyriform, 0.75–1 mm. long; carpels 3; styles erect or suberect; stigmas minutely lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Valves of ripe capsule 4–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds terete, 0.5 mm. long, brown; apical coma 1.5–2.5 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 1/1–10.
Habitat
Banks of seasonal rivers and shores of lakes, occurring in vegetation varying from deciduous woodland to semi-desert scrub; 180–1340 m.
Distribution
K2 K4 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5

Native to:

Chad, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Greece, Gulf States, Kenya, Kriti, Libya, Oman, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen

Tamarix nilotica (Ehrenb.) Bunge appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Ehrenberg, C.G. [s.n.], Egypt K000242697 Yes
Luke et al. [10897], Kenya K000449662 No
[Botta] [s.n.], Yemen Tamarix arabica K000641920 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Tent. Gen. Tamar.: 54 (1852)

Accepted by

  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Llewellyn, O.A., Hall, M., Miller, A.G., Al-Abbasi, T.M., Al-Wetaid, A.H., Al-Harbi, R.J. & Al-Shammari, K.F. (2011). Important plant areas in the Arabian peninsula: 4. Jabal Aja Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68: 199-224.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by Mesfin Tadesse [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 16 (1936).
  • Bunge, Tent. Gen. Tamaricum: 54(1852).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 552 (1961).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 605 (1949).

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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