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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.


Apocynaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg and F. K. Kupicha et al.. Flora Zambesiaca 7:2. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Tree 3–15 m. high, repeatedly dichotomously branched.
Morphology General Bark
Bark pale grey-brown, inner bark white or brownish, with white latex.
Morphology Branches
Branches lenticellate; branchlets glabrous or only sparsely pubescent when very young, terete, often sulcate when dry.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shortly petiolate; petioles glabrous or sparsely pubescent, 3–5 mm. long, with colleters in the axils; lamina membranous when dry, narrowly ovate or narrowly elliptic, 3–6·5 times as long as wide, 3·5–10 x 1–2·7 cm., long-acuminate, cuneate or rounded at the base, glabrous or sometimes with minute scattered hairs above, pubescent at the base of the midrib or sometimes entirely glabrous beneath; secondary veins 8–15 at each side, fairly inconspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence solitary, terminal, often in the forks or axillary, erect 2–5 x 2–5 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle 3–5 mm., long, slender, pubescent as the branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts linear, about as long as the sepals, deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicel 3–5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals pale green, with a membranous margin, persistent even beneath the fruit, narrowly ovate or elliptic, 2–2·4 times as long as wide, 5–6 x 2·2–2·5 mm., obtuse, sparsely pubescent outside, especially at the base, ciliate, inside with 5 large colleters alternating with them; colleters 1 x 0·8 mm., flat, entire or 3-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla creamy; tube almost cylindrical, slightly constricted at the insertion of the stamens, slightly shorter than the sepals, 4–5 x 1·7–2·8 mm., glabrous on both sides; lobes elliptic, 2–3·3 times as long as wide, 7–9 x 2·7–3·5 mm., obtuse, puberulous on both sides, spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona composed of 2 rings inserted at the mouth; outer of 5 basally united emarginate lobes, almost half as long as the anthers, each with triangular apices, and inside it a series of 10 shorter filiform appendages near the edges of the anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted, inserted 0·5–1 mm. below the mouth of the corolla; filaments very short, glabrous; anthers narrowly triangular, 4·5–5·5 x 1–1·4 mm., acuminate at the sterile apex, auriculate at the base, introrse, glabrous outside or at the apex with a few stiff hairs, inside on lower half of connective with a penicillate line of hairs just below the level where it is coherent with the clavuncula.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistil glabrous, 6·8–7·7 mm., long; ovary broadly ovoid, 1·5–1·7 x 1·5–2 x 1·5–2 mm., composed of two free carpels; style often split at the base, 3·5–4·5 mm. long, cylindrical and at the apex with a globose head, c. 1 mm. diam. supporting the clavuncula; clavuncula composed of an entire recurved ring 0·4 x 1–1·2 mm. in size, followed by a small cone topped by a globe 0·3–0·6 mm. in diam.; stigma minute, 0·2 x 0·1 mm.; whole of clavuncula and stigma 1·4–1·5 x 1–1·2 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules c. 100 in each cell.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles slender, cylindrical, 20–40 x 0·8–1 cm., with many pale lenticels, dehiscent throughout by an adaxial longitudinal slit and becoming flat and 15–17 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed pale brown, 15–19 x 2 mm., longitudinally striate, with coma 3–5 cm. long.

Native to:

KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Wrightia natalensis Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1962 Staygarthe, W.J. [7861], South Africa K000233813 holotype

First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1907: 51 (1907)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.