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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. indian Ocean.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree (1)2–12(18) m. high; branches flattened (or very rarely somewhat angular) and yellowish-velutinous to sparsely puberulous or rarely glabrous when young, becoming terete and glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with lamina dark green often glossy and sometimes glaucous above, paler and dull below, 1·6–12(15) × 0·8–5·6(8) cm., ovate to lanceolate or oblong or more rarely elliptic to subcircular, obtuse or very rarely acute to rounded or retuse at the apex, with margin entire or undulate-crenulate to glandular-denticulate, cuneate to shallowly cordate at the base, coriaceous, glabrous or with nerves shortly yellowish-pubescent above, glabrous or ± densely yellowish-pubescent to -velutinous below, with veins varying in prominence; petiole 1–8 mm. long, glabrous to velutinous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes with peduncle up to 14(20) mm. long or rarely absent, glabrous or pubescent, varying in thickness; pedicels up to 15 mm. long; flowers 1-c. 20 in each cyme, 3–6 mm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 0·5–1 mm. long, broadly ovate to semicircular, pubescent or puberulous or very rarely glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals green to yellow, 1–2·5 mm. long, sub-circular and sessile or broadly unguiculate with short lamina, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with anther-connective often reddish when dry.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary broadly ovoid to semi-globose, (2)3-locular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe bright red to purplish-red, 8–20 mm., globose to ovoid, often apiculate, smooth or finely rugose, ± fleshy, glabrous or glaucous to puberulous.

[FTEA]

Celastraceae, N.K.B. Robson, N. Hallé, B. Mathew & R. Blakelock†. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1994

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree (1–)2–12(–18) m. high; branches flattened (or very rarely somewhat angular) and yellowish velutinous to sparsely pubescent or rarely glabrous when young, becoming terete and glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina dark green and ± glossy or sometimes glaucous above, paler and dull beneath, ovate to lanceolate or oblong or more rarely elliptic to subcircular, 1.6–12(–15) × 0.8–5.6(–8) cm., obtuse (or very rarely acute) to rounded or retuse at the apex, with margin entire or undulate-crenulate to glandular-denticulate, cuneate to shallowly cordate at the base, coriaceous, glabrous or with the nerves shortly yellowish pubescent above, glabrous or ± densely yellowish pubescent to velutinous beneath, with veins varying in prominence; petiole 1–8 mm. long, glabrous to velutinous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 0.5–2.5 cm. long, slender or rather stout, sessile (rarely) or with peduncle up to 14(–20) mm. long; pedicels up to 15 mm. long; flowers 2- ± 20 in each cyme or solitary, 3–6 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals broadly ovate to semicircular, 0.5–1 mm. long, pubescent or puberulous or very rarely glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals green to yellow, subcircular and sessile or broadly clawed with short lamina, 1–2.5 mm. long, glabrous, with margin entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with anther-connective often reddish when dry.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary (2–)3-locular, broadly ovoid to semiglobose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe bright red to purplish red, globose to ovoid, 8–20 mm. long, often apiculate, smooth or finely rugose, ± fleshy, glabrous or glaucous to puberulous.
Figures
Fig. 3.
Habitat
Evergreen forest, fringing forest, open woodland, scrub, coastal woodland, often on termite hills; 0–2550 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 southwards to the Cape and west to Namibia and Angola

[FWTA]

Celastraceae, R. A. Blakelock. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A shrub or small tree, usually about 20 ft. high, sometimes more
Morphology Leaves
Leaves variable, widely ovate to narrowly elliptic, 0·7–13 cm. long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals whitish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe fruits reddish
Ecology
In montane forest.

Native to:

Aldabra, Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Comoros, Ethiopia, Free State, Guinea, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Mystroxylon aethiopicum (Thunb.) Loes. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1964 Holst, C. [2960], Kenya K000035984 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1964 Welwitsch [4615], Angola K000035985
Jan 1, 1964 Humblot, L. [39], Comoros K000035986 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1964 Baron, R. [3735], Madagascar K000035987 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1964 Baron, R. [1204], Madagascar K000035988 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1964 Baron, R. [2878], Madagascar K000035989 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1964 Baron, R. [1938], Madagascar K000035990 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1964 Baron, R. [2159], Madagascar K000035991
Jan 1, 1964 Baron, R. [3289], Madagascar K000035992
Jan 1, 1964 Baron, R. [3147], Madagascar K000035994 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1964 Ecklon [975], South Africa K000035995
Jan 1, 1964 Ecklon [973], South Africa K000035996
Jan 1, 1964 Zeyher [309], South Africa K000035997
Jan 1, 1964 Burke [378], South Africa K000035998
Jan 1, 1964 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000036000
Jan 1, 1964 Gerrard, W.T. [1381], South Africa K000036001
Jan 1, 1964 Schlechter [11944], South Africa K000036002
Jan 1, 1964 Schlechter [11944], South Africa K000036003
Jan 1, 1964 Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30310], Cameroon K000093526
Jan 1, 1964 Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30310], Cameroon K000093527
Jan 1, 1964 Ecklon [974], South Africa K000035999
Jan 1, 1964 Story, R. [4802], Botswana K000511106
Jan 1, 1964 Baron, R. [2650], Madagascar K000035993 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1964 Story, R. [4802], Botswana K000511105
Kenya 48097.000
Patel, H. [7416], Mozambique K000614033
Timberlake, J. [5338], Malawi K000614683
Patel, H. [5241], Mozambique K000613969
Timberlake, J. [5081], Mozambique K000613461
Jan 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [10479], Cameroon Cassine aethiopica K000746327
Apr 1, 1997 Satabie, B. [1067], Cameroon Cassine aethiopica K000337633
Aug 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [14406], Cameroon Cassine aethiopica K000093522
Drummond, R.B. [1403], Tanzania Cassine aethiopica 24994.000
Brenan, J.P.M. [8255], Tanzania Cassine aethiopica 26691.000
Faulkner, H. [2583], Tanzania Cassine aethiopica 6475.000
Thomas, D.W. [3111], Cameroon Cassine aethiopica K000093524
Sep 1, 1996 Smith, P.A. [707], Botswana Mystroxylon aethiopicum subsp. schlechteri K000511104

First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. 1: 223 (1897)

Accepted by

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Exell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 10 (1954).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 129 (1949) (incl. vars.).
  • Loes. & Engl. in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 234 (1921).
  • Loes. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20b: 178 (1942).
  • Loes., Loes. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien III. 5, Nachtr. 1: 223 (1897).
  • N. Robson & Sebsebe in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 338, fig. 108.3 (1990).
  • N. Robson & Sousa, Fl. Moçamb. 48: 26 (1969).
  • N. Robson in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 39: 29 (1965)
  • N. Robson in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 376, t. 78 (1966).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 502 (1948).
  • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 206, fig. 69.1 (1982).
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 330, fig. 105.1 (1983).
  • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 84 (1952).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0