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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & SW. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate creeping perennial with woody rootstock; stems to 1 m long, 1(–1.5) mm thick, brown, long stellate-hairy, subscabrid.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves narrowly to broadly ovate, rarely circular, 2.5–6 cm long, 1.6–5.5 cm wide, apex rounded to obtuse, base deeply cordate, margin 1–2-crenate-serrate, upper surface subglabrous with scattered simple hairs, lower surface subscabrid with 4-armed hairs; petiole 4–11 mm long, thickly stellate-hairy; stipules linear-lanceolate, 5–6 mm long, 0.5–1 mm wide, setulose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences largely axillary, cymes 1–5 per node, each with (1–)3(–5) flowers; peduncle 3–7 mm long, bracts in involucre 4–7, linear-lanceolate, 3–4 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, with scattered long simple hairs to 1.5 mm long; pedicels 2–3 mm long, densely stellate-hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals linear-oblong, 6–7 mm long, 1 mm wide, the apical spine 0.5 mm long, outer surface with scattered stellate hairs at the tip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate, 4 mm long, 2 mm wide, claw 2 mm long with a tuft of hairs halfway up; stamens 9–11; ovary densely villose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit subglobose, ± 10 mm diameter, bristly, at first red, fleshy and berry-like, then drying brown and dehiscing by 4 valves, bristles ± 80, 1(–2) mm long, each with 1–3 scattered simple patent hairs, tip with a single, straight terminal hair, but usually broken.
Figures
Fig. 11/4–5 (p. 71).
Habitat
Brachystegia woodland and grassland; 1400–2100 m
Distribution
T4 T7

[FZ]

Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate perennial with a woody rootstock; stems up to 1 m. long, stellate-pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 3·5–7 × 2·5–5·5 cm., ovate to very broadly ovate or subcircular, obtuse or rounded at the apex, margin crenate-serrate, cordate and 7–9-nerved at the base, sparingly hairy with simple appressed-setulose hairs above, scabrous or scaberulous below with mostly stellate hairs; petiole up to 1·5 cm. long, stellate-pubescent; stipules up to 0·8 cm. long, linear-lanceolate, setulose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences at the nodes of the creeping stems or on erect flowering branches with reduced leaves up to 1·5 cm. long; cymes 2–3 per node; peduncles of cymes up to 5 mm. long, sparsely pubescent; pedicels similar, 2–3 together, c. 5 mm. long; bracts up to 2·5 mm. long, forming a small involucre, lanceolate, setulose at least on the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals c. 9 mm. long, ciliate at the base, linear, glabrous in the middle, setulose with simple or bifurcate hairs in the upper half; subapical horn up to 0·5 mm. long, usually with a single apical bristle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, almost as long as the sepals, obovate-oblong, ciliate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androgynophore
Androgynophore 0·5 mm. tall, glands orbicular; annulus with a ciliate margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, as long as the petals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, setulose, 4-locular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 10 mm. in diam. including the aculei, pink, glabrous; aculei short, 1·5 mm. long with a single terminal seta or sometimes 2–3 setae.

Native to:

Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Triumfetta glechomoides Welw. ex Mast. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Welwitsch [1409], Angola K000242013

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 258 (1868)

Accepted by

  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 367 (1921).
  • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 233 (1951).
  • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 258 (1868).
  • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 61 (1963).
  • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 261 (1909).
  • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 89, fig. 1/g (1997).
  • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 46 (1969).
  • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 73 (1963).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0