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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Ethiopia to Kenya.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial woody-based herb or shrub, up to 1.5 m tall; stems glabrous to pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous to sparsely pubescent or tomentose; petiole 0.7–3(–4) cm long; blade suborbicular, ovate or subelliptic, (0.8–)1–6 x 0.7–5 cm, rounded to subacute at the apex, rounded, truncate or subcordate at the base, with crenate to crenate-serrate margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal, unbranched or rarely 2-branched, raceme-like panicle, with flowers clustered along axes, 1–13(–25) cm long, with 2–6 cm long peduncle; clusters subsessile or with peduncle up to 5 mm long; pedicels 1.5–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals elliptic, 4.5–7 mm long, glabrous to pubescent, with 0.5–1 mm long subapical horns
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate, 4–5.5 x 1.5–2.5 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 25–40
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 3-celled with 2 ovules in each cell; style 4–5.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose to ellipsoid, body 3–5 mm long, glabrous to tomentose; bristles 1–3 mm long, glabrous to pubescent, terminated by a single minute hooked seta.

[FTEA]

Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Erect subshrub 0.3–1.2(–2) m tall; stems many, red-brown, 1–4 mm thick at base, glabrous to scabrid.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to orbicular, (0.5–)1–5.2 cm long, (0.5–)0.9–5 cm wide, apex rounded to acute, rarely acuminate, base cordate to obtuse, margin 1(–2)-serrate to dentate, stellate-subscabrid to softly hairy on both sides, discolorous; petiole terete, 1–2(–5) cm long, hairy, lacking glands at apex; stipules linear to narrowly lanceolate, 4–6 mm long, hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence spike-like, terminal, sometimes pendulous, 4–18(–54) cm long, unforked (rarely with up to 5 forks, each up to 16 cm long), internodes 7–40 mm long, usually with only highly reduced leaves 2–4 mm long, each with 2 round-cylindrical glands 0.75 mm diameter at the petiole-apex, but sometimes with normal leaves at the basal nodes; cymes 1–5 per node, each (1–)3-flowered, leaf-opposed; peduncle 1–3 mm long; bracts ovate-triangular, as stipules; pedicels ± 1.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals oblanceolate, (4–)6–9 mm long, (0.75–)2 mm wide, densely to sparingly grey stellate-tomentose, apical spine (0.5–)0.75–1.5(–3) mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals spathulate, ± 5 mm long, 3 mm wide, basal 1 mm of claw with hairy margin; stamens 20–61; ovary hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit spherical to ellipsoid, 5–11 mm long, 5–10 mm wide, the entire surface, including spines, yellowish-grey tomentose, sutures lacking, spines 40–55, each up to 3 mm long, with wide bases 1 mm wide, tip hooked or with inclined, usually broken bristle.
Figures
Fig. 12/7–9 (p. 77).
Habitat
Acacia - Commiphora bushland on sandy, silt or laterite soils; 30–1400 m
Distribution
K1 K4 K7

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Somalia

Triumfetta heterocarpa Sprague & Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Ellenbeck [406], Somalia K000241949
Ellenbeck [1099b], Somalia K000241950

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 39: 265 (1909)

Accepted by

  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by Sebsebe Demissew [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 367 (1921).
  • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 265 (1909).
  • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 164, fig. 79.7/7–8 (1995) pro parte.

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0