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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Limpopo, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.
Triumfetta pilosa

[FZ]

Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Small shrub c. 1·3 m. tall; stems often quadrangular, sparingly stellate-pubescent or densely tomentose, hair-bases often tubercled.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 5–12 × 3–7 cm., ovate to oblong-lanceolate, acutely acuminate or acute at the apex, margin coarsely serrate, rounded to cordate at the base, puberulous or pubescent or densely tomentose especially below; petiole up to c. 5 cm. long; stipules up to 0·8 cm. long, subulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences leafy, of small cymes crowded at the nodes; peduncles of cymes and pedicels very short, up to 5 mm. long, but often less; bracts 2–4 mm. long, linear or lanceolate-linear, setulose-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 7–10 mm. long, linear, pubescent or tomentose; subapical horn very short, c. 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, slightly shorter than the sepals, linear to oblanceolate-linear, ciliate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androgynophore
Androgynophore up to 0·75 mm. tall, glands orbicular; annulus densely hirsute above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8–10.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, echinulate, 3–4-locular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1·5–2·7 cm. in diam. including the aculei; aculei 0·5–1 cm. long, glabrous or pilose, uncinate at the apex.

[FTEA]

Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 1–3 m, often weak-stemmed and straggling or scandent; stem terete, 4–7 mm diameter, moderately clothed in long (to 1.5 mm) rigid reddish hairs which, towards the base of the stem, have black aculeate bases, these persisting and becoming prickle-like, hairs rarely stellate and lacking aculeate bases.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate, never lobed, 6.5–13 cm long, 2.2–6 cm wide, apex acute to subacuminate, base obtuse to slightly cordate, coarsely 1(–2)-serrate, pilose beneath (moderately clothed in long rigid largely simple hairs), indumentum shorter and sparser, sometimes subscabrid above; petiole terete, 1.2–2.5(–5) cm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, densely clothed in long brownish hairs; stipules often persistent, dark brown, triangular, 6 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, indumentum as petiole.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences at apex of lateral and main branches, 5–35 cm long, bearing slightly reduced leaves with very short petioles, nodes 1–3.5 cm apart, each with 1–4(–5) leaf-subopposed cymes, cymes (1–)3-flowered, peduncle 2(–5) mm long, indumentum as petiole; bracts narrowly triangular-ovate, 2–3 mm long, 0.5 mm wide, ± glabrous; pedicel 1(–2) mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals narrowly lanceolate, slightly pandurate, 5–10 mm long, thickly covered in stellate hairs, less usually glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals rounded oblong, 5–7(–11) mm long, 1.5–3(–4) mm wide, the lower 0.7–1 mm of the claw with a densely pubescent margin; stamens 9–11(–15); ovary subvillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit dehiscent, spheroidal, (14–)16–24 mm diameter, with 72–100 dark brown rigid bristles, each 6–8(–11) mm long, densely clothed in long, simple hairs, sometimes covering only one side of the bristle, rarely glabrous, apex hooked and with a single terminal hair.
Figures
Fig. 14/7–10 (p. 88).

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Botswana, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Triumfetta pilosa Roth appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 26, 2018 Millar, A.N. [23379], Papua New Guinea K000939553
Jul 26, 2018 Sillitoe, P [83/59], Papua New Guinea K000939549
Jul 26, 2018 Kairo, A. [30886], Papua New Guinea K000939552
Jul 26, 2018 Streimann, H. [8671], Papua New Guinea K000939555
Jul 26, 2018 Galore, M. [17577], Papua New Guinea K000939554
Jun 1, 2008 Raynal [17088], Irian Jaya K000224967
Jun 1, 2008 Vu Xuan Phuong et al. [HNK 590], Vietnam K000224963
Mar 29, 2006 Reynoso et al. [3672], Philippines K000223874
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Kenya K000242041 syntype
Bouton [s.n.], Madagascar K000242108
s.coll. [1079], Indian Subcontinent K000686928
Lace, J.H. [4266], Myanmar K000686930

First published in Nov. Pl. Sp.: 223 (1821)

Accepted by

  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Not accepted by

  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91. [Cited as Triumfetta bogotensis.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Australia 16: 1-522. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 96 (1994).
  • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Afr.: 70 (1987).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 529 (1958).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 572 (1961).
  • Hanid in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 190 (1974).
  • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 265 (1895).
  • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 54 (1963).
  • Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. Ind. Orient.: 223 (1821).
  • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 273, t. 17/12 (1909).
  • T.V. Jacobs in Phyton 61: 92, fig. 2/m (1997).
  • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 161, fig. 79.7/13–14 (1995).
  • Wild & Gonç. in Fl. Moçamb. 28: 50 (1969).
  • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 76 (1963).
  • Wild in Flora of Southern Africa 21(1): 26 (1984).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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