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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived subshrub 0.15–1 m tall; stems rigidly erect, rarely the laterals decumbent, 1–2.5 mm diameter, black or greenish brown, smooth, moderately covered in fine white or pale brown stellate hairs, or less usually long simple hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rhombic-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, always unlobed, 2.5–7(–10.5) cm long, 1.1–3.1(–4.2) cm wide, apex acute to rounded, base cuneate to slightly cordate, margin serrate, subglabrous to subscabrid above with either or both stellate and simple hairs, tomentellous beneath with white or pale brown stellate hairs, rarely subglabrous (in shade growth); petiole distinctly swollen at tip, ± terete, 0.4–1.2(–1.8) cm long, 0.5 mm wide, indumentum as stem; stipules persistent, black, triangular, 3–6 mm long, 0.25–0.75 mm wide, densely covered in long simple hairs outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, with 0–6 branches each 5–30 cm long, nodes all with slightly reduced leaves,each node 5–35 mm apart, with 3–6 leaf-opposed cymes; cymes (1–)3-flowered, peduncle 2–3.5 mm long, indumentum as stem; bracts as stipules, 1.5–2.5(–4) mm long, 0.5 mm wide; pedicels 0.5–2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals narrowly oblong, 4–4.5 mm long, 0.75 mm wide, with a few scattered simple hairs, the apical spine 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals rounded oblong, 4–4.5 mm long, 1 mm wide, the poorly defined claw sometimes glabrous at the base; stamens (5–)10; ovary sub-villose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit dehiscent, subglobose, 8–10 mm diameter, with 98–120 patent bristles, each 2(–3) mm long, densely to sparsely covered in stiff, brown patent hairs, the tip with a cluster of 1–4 short hairs.
Figures
Fig. 12/4–6 (p. 77).
Habitat
Brachystegia or TerminaliaCombretum woodland, grassland, sometimes in old cultivation or at roadsides; 750–1600 m
Distribution
T1 T4 T7 T8 U1 U3 U4

[FZ]

Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Small bushy annual herb up to 1 m. tall; branchlets yellowish-tomentose when young, stellate-pubescent later.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 2·5–5 × 1–3 cm., lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, acute at the apex, margin serrate, rounded at the base, sometimes irregularly so, stellate-pubescent above or glabrescent with stellate hairs of different sizes or with some longer simple hairs, greyish-tomentose below; petiole up to 6 mm. long, densely pubescent; stipules 2–3 mm. long, subulate, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences leafy, with 2–5 cymes per node; peduncles of cymes 1–3 mm. long, slender, pubescent; pedicels similar, 0·2 mm. long; bracts 2–3 mm. long, subulate, ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals reddish-brown, 6–7 mm. long, stellate-pubescent outside but almost glabrous towards the base; subapical horn setulose with a few bristles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, c. 5 mm. long, linear-oblanceolate, ciliate just above the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androgynophore
Androgynophore c. 0·25 mm. long, with glands; annulus very finely ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10–12, c. 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary subglobose, densely pubescent, 4-locular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 7–8 mm. in diam. including the aculei; aculei stellately pubescent with 2–6 spreading setae at the apex.

[FWTA]

Tiliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
An undershrub, 3–4 ft.
Morphology General Indumentum
Stem stellate-hirsute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, yellow.

[FZ]

Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb or small shrub with slender stellate-pubescent stems becoming glabrous later.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 4–8 × 0·8–2 cm., oblong-lanceolate, acute to subacute at the apex, margin serrate-denticulate, the teeth rather widely spaced (3–6 mm. apart), broadly cuneate at the base, upper surface with a thinly scattered simple setulose pubescence, lower surface with a thinly scattered simple and stellate-setulose pubescence, veins rather prominent; petiole 4–15 mm. long, stellate-pubescent; stipules 4–5 mm. long, subulate, setulose-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences leafy, of small cymes up to 7 at a node; peduncles of cymes 3–4 mm. long, pubescent; pedicels similar, 1–3 together, 1–2 mm. long; bracts 2 mm. long, subulate, setulose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5 mm. long, linear, glabrous towards the base, sparsely stellate-pilose towards the apex; subapical horn 0·5 mm. long, terminated by a single seta.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, 4–4·5 mm. long, oblanceolate, apex rounded, sparsely pilose just above the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androgynophore
Androgynophore 0·3 mm. tall, with transversely oblong glands; annulus very shortly ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10; filaments 3–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary subglobose, 4-locular; style 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 4–5 mm. in diam. (hardly mature), globose, with many aculei which are very sparsely setulose-pubescent and with 1–4 forward-pointing terminal setae.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Triumfetta setulosa Mast. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Hens, F. [269], Congo K000241972
Schweinfurth, G. [16] Triumfetta micrantha K000241961 Unknown type material
Gillet, J. [s.n.], Cameroon Triumfetta dubia K000241969
Barter [1550], Nigeria Triumfetta dubia K000241991
Schweinfurth, G. [2144] Triumfetta buettneriacea K000241959
Schweinfurth, G. [2458] Triumfetta buettneriacea K000241960
Schweinfurth, G. [2144] Triumfetta buettneriacea K000241958
Gillet, J. [531], Cameroon Triumfetta intermedia K000241970

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 259 (1868)

Accepted by

  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lachenaud, O. (2009). La flore des plantes vasculaires de la République du Congo: nouvelles données Systematics and Geography of Plants 79: 199-214.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Aké Assi, L. (2002). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. II Boissiera 58: 1-401.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lachenaud, O. (2009). La flore des plantes vasculaires de la République du Congo: nouvelles données Systematics and Geography of Plants 79: 199-214.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Excell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 231 (1951).
  • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 265 (1895).
  • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 259 (1868).
  • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi,: 10: 62 (1963).
  • Sprague & Hutch. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 39: 256 (1909).
  • Vollesen in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 160, fig. 79.7/9 (1995).
  • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 70 (1963).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0